The more politically correct word for it, I think, is polytheism. Whether if Buddhism and Confucianism are pagan or not that’s up to anybody’s guess but since they’ve syncretised a lot with actual polytheistic beliefs, that muddies things up. Admittedly I don’t condone it though my understanding of it comes not from reconstruction movements but from countries where it’s arguably still as the majority practised faith.

Something like India and Japan, which I’ve said before, they’re not any better when it comes to sexism, Islamophobia and environmental concerns. (No seriously, Hindus attack Muslims a lot in India.) Like I said, Buddhism and Confucianism technically aren’t polytheist or rather aren’t meant to be. But when it comes to the nature of syncreticism, it can complicate things a lot especially if these are meant to be philosophies.

(And one may wonder if the same thing happened in Ancient Greece, with only a few Greek philosophies being syncretised by Christianity and to some extent Islam, indirectly or otherwise.)

War on Catholicism

Since Duterte waged war on Catholicism, not only have some bishops been killed he’ll probably even ban Catholicism and if he catches a Catholic church he’d even make soldiers kill priests and nuns and even some Catholic followers. It would be so violent, frequent and ruthless that it alarms the Vatican.

Pretty much the Vatican sends in Italian soldiers to fight Duterte’s army. But if that fails, Italy bombs the Philippine captial. Thrice. Not to mention even Cebu City will be attacked too. Last but not least, America attacks the Philippines for attacking Israel a lot.

Trump will even declare Duterte a criminal and cuts ties from him. The Philippines will be punished for attacking nuns and missionaries a lot.


Duterte wouldn’t just wage war on Catholicism. He’d even make the Philippines wage war on Israel (once Israel legalises gay marriage). The violence would be so severe that Tel Aviv’s population has been decimated. Not to mention Philippine soldiers will kill every LGBT Israeli there is.

In the time when Duterte banned Catholicism, he made soldiers kill every Catholic clergy and follower alike. Some have even been raped and tortured on television. Even the Pope would find the Philippines detestable and wages war on it. Italy will be the first to attack the Philippines

Especially with constant firebombing if because the Philippines has killed and attacked every Catholic there is. The Philippines now ranks as the worst country to be a Christian in ASEAN. So much warfare been waged on Catholicism and Israel that it cost too many lives.

Duterte’s war on the Catholic Church

In a few weeks, Duterte might wage war on the Catholic Church. He’d not only out every priest as rapists and paedophiles, he’d even want them dead. This leads to soldiers killing suspected priests and eventually nuns that he waged a literal war on Catholicism. All the Catholic Churches get ruined and burnt down.

This becomes so ruthlessly violent that the few remaining Catholic clergy also declare war on Duterte. Some of them will even plot to kill them and when they do, that’s when the Philippines devolves into a year long state of anarchy and secession movements. Not to mention that Duterte started it by hunting down clergy and banning the Catholic Church.

The Philippines in that same period may also be rocked by a severe earthquake and typhoon that its economy declines anyways.

Prophecies about the Philippines

Philippine television and especially Philippine children’s television will become more sexualised and with much more open LGBT content to boot. In part because the Philippines not only legalised gay marriage but also has the world’s first gay president. Duterte would be the first to ban the Catholic church but he will be the first to ban all religion in the Philippines. Not to mention Duterte (his predecessor) may form the Asian Union between the Philippines and China.

The Philippines cuts off ties from America and begins attacking Israel a lot. The Philippines then gets attacked by America and Russia (the latter’s ironically allied to the Philippines). The Philippines also develops a habit of killing missionaries or imprisoning them a lot. If not, then exiling them a lot. The Philippines (especially this year) might also get rocked by a 7.9 earthquake and landslide, especially in the capital.

The Philippines also declines economically especially in 2020. following Duterte’s assassination. The Philippines might also be the first head of the Beast with Israel as The Whore of Babylon. Sorry to say but the Philippines’s true fate is an unChristian future. Especially as the biggest nation to betray God and God would make Nigeria his chosen country instead (the one with the most missionaries sent to PH).

Aso 2 (Google Books)

University of Manila Journal of East Asiatic Studies

1959 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
NOTES ON THE PHILIPPINES 41 6. … DOG. Mandarangan, the evil-spirit of the Bagobos of southern Mindanao, is said to keep two large dogs, which he sets … The same people also beat their dogs during an eclipse to scare the crocodile. 8.
Philippine Studies – Volume 52 – Page 418

2004 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
Notes I wish to thank Froilan Havana and Inalo Yawinhay for inviting me to their respective hakyadan, both of which were … suguyan, spirit helpers of hunters; tumanod, guardian of hunting dogs; the umagad or spirit owners of game; and the …

Census of the Philippine Islands: Taken Under the Direction of the …
By United States. Bureau of the Census, United States. Philippine Commission (1900-1916)

About this book

Terms of Service
522 – 522

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They are, as a rule, superstitious, and believe in apparitions, enchantments, and other witchcraft. Many relate that an ancestor died for having cut down a secular tree called “lwonk.” or old; others that they have seen an apparition called “tiktik” or “aswang” (malignant spirits in the form of animals, as a dog, a cat, or in human form, either of an old man or woman) under the house during the sickness of a member of the family. Even in the Bay of Bataan, where there are pearl beds, there is a place where no diver dares to work, as there is a belief that at the bottom, where there are beautiful shells containing pearls of large size, no one can go, on account of the presence of a large white turtle and an enormous fish, which watch these places and which kill every human being who descends to the bottom. Among the mountain tribes and low classes of the towns the transmigration of souls is believed in, and there are at the present time rascals who pass themselves off as Pope Macario and Father Juan, who have been dead for years. The former was celebrated during the Spanish revolution, having been one of the chiefs of the mountain tribes of Tapaz and Jamindan, who burned and pillaged many towns. The other was a coadjutor priest who lived in the mountains, performing miracles and marvelous cures, as the old inhabitants state, and who died in the island of Paragua, to which he was deported by the Spanish Government.

Governor-supervisor, province of Bohol (Visayans):

As a rule the people of Bohol do not differ greatly in their customs from other civilized Filipinos, but their characteristics, however, are love of peace and justice, respect under all circumstances, modesty, hospitality and courteous treatment to members of the family and strangers, and morality.

There are traditions regarding ancient superstitious customs, but the people of the present generation have uprooted them completely—that is to say, they are not practiced, being held as contrary to the dogmas of the religion they profess.”

The people of Bohol follow the mode of life rendered necessary by their uses and customs, and it can be said that their life from an economical standpoint is, and has been, adapted to the circumstances of the times. Perhaps the adoption of new methods and the relegation to the background of the ancient methods which they are using in the development and progress of agriculture, industry, and commerce, , which are at a standstill or in a state of embryo, will make their lives prosperous, changing them from what they have been up to the present time—that is to say, lives which can not be qualified as either poor or rich.

Governor-supervisor, province of Negros Oriental (Visayans):

The population is divided into three social classes. The first is composed of families who, on account of their wealth and culture, enjoy a leisurely and independent position. The second class is composed, for the most part, of honest and industrious families, possessed of small properties, who are very economical, and although having but little ambition, are lovers of order and hospitable. They are happy on account of having but few necessities, and enjoy a position relatively comfortable. The third class is formed of the poor, who are the farm laborers, servants, fishermen, etc. They are, as a rule, ignorant, and therefore fanatical and superstitious. Their lack of education has created but few necessities, and they are therefore indolent. They are generally sober and strong. Most of them eat but twice a day, and their food consists of corn meal cooked with water, and small salted fish, so that the average daily expense of a family in the country is about 25 cents Mexican, while those in town live on from 40 to 50 cents per day.

* This is thought to be rather sweeping and rhetorical. It is understood that all the Visayans have practically the same superstitions.—Director.

Governor-supervisor, province of Negros Occidental (Visayans):

It is believed that the Negritos were the first inhabitants of the islands, which they named, and that later they were driven to the interior by the primitive Malays. Both, refractory to the civilization offered them by the immigrants from Panay and Cebu, were in their turn relegated to the mountains by the new populators, who brought the island to its present condition. The natives of Panay and Cebtí brought with them to the island of Negros their civilization, habits, and customs. That is the reason why, in the zone west of the mountains, Panayan Visayan is spoken and the practices and customs of Panay are observed, while in the zone east thereof Cebuian Visayan is spoken and the habits and customs of the island near that region are observed. With regard to the province of Negros Occidental, the thirty-one towns of the latter on its western coast, from Isiu to Sagay, speak Panayan, while the language of the towns of Escalante, Calatrava, and San Carlos, on the eastern coast, is Cebuan. The Filipinos, therefore, of this part of the island do not differ at all from those of the rest of the archipelago, especially from those of neighboring islands. Their character is peaceable and respectful, and the customs of the wealthy and educated class are so different from those of the poor or laboring class, that while the former live in the European style and are studious and industrious, the latter still retain traces of primitive civilization and are fanatical in their religion and pass their time without bothering much about the future. Superstitions are prevalent among the illiterate class, composed of the poor, and they are so varied that a book could be written thereon. It will suffice, however, to cite some of them, as, for example, the belief that the spirits of their ancestors return after a certain invocation, so that spiritualism existed here long before the work of Allen Kardec made him famous. The belief in the spirit of the woods and in the spirit of rice among the country people is worthy of note on account of the general character thereof. Special offerings are made to these before the smallest piece of ground is cleared and before the sowing or harvesting of rice. Amulets are also believed in, as well as prognostications, incantations, and many other things which it would be difficult to embody in this report, and which, by their character, it would be possible to consider as imported on account of their resemblance to the superstitions known among certain classes of Spanish people. It is also necessary to confess, although it makes us blush to do so, that the prostitution of the Catholic religion, which the religious communities preach here as they see fit, has contributed greatly to the belief in superstitions and terrible fanaticism of the uneducated people. This gives rise to a belief in the most stupendous and ridiculous miracles, the most laughable practices, seeking the intervention of celestial advocates in the most trifling matters of ordinary life, and many other beliefs springing from fanatic ignorance and fermentations of the primitive, credulous, uncivilized State. Wealth and poverty in the country are, as a rule, permanent. The former is the patrimony, if so it can be called, of the higher class, which, as has been stated above, is the studious and industrious class, because it pursues the ideal of living comfortably, luxuriously, and in pleasure. A family with a moderate fortune seldom is ruined; but on the contrary this fortune increases daily, due to the constant labor to increase it. A wealthy Filipino does not generally desire to undertake daring speculations as the Saxon does, who increases a capital to fabulous proportions or reduces it to the lowest ebb. He is satisfied with gaining little, and that little on a very safe basis. Almost all are engaged in agriculture. Poverty is characteristic of the working class, and is of a permanent character. There have been cases—rare, to be sure—in which a laborer, by constant labor, honest habits, and careful calculations, finds himself with an enviable competency.

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Aso (Google Books)

A Study of Philippine Games – Page 170

Mellie Leandicho Lopez – 2001 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
Cultural Notes Among the Tagalogs of Luzon, the aswang is believed to look like an attractive woman by day, fair, … in the Philippines, the word “aswdng” is probably “a shortened form of asu-asuan (meaning the likeness of a dog)” from “aso” …
Psychic Phenomena: A Clinical Investigation – Page 38

Duncan Alexander McKenzie R.N. – 2014 – ‎Preview – ‎More editions
“Aswang talaga ang nakita ko,” (“It was definitely and Aswang that I saw,”) Tata said, adding that the big black dog about three … from their friends and relatives living in the allegedly aswang-infested localities in southern Philippines.52 ‘Psywar’ tricks using folkloric belief. … Goosebumps rose on my arms on moonless nights in Huk territory as I listened to the haunting minor notes of trumpets playing …
Individual Family & Community – Page 70

Phoebe A. Dauz-Williams, ‎Arthur R. Williams – 2000 – ‎Preview
To note a few studies on the matter, Jocano (1975:109) in a case study of a Philippine barrio has noted that aside from … Nurge (1965:80) notes that among the Guinhangdans, the main verbal forms of punishment are teasing, joking, and the threat of the “asuang” (witch). … include fear of the dark, of ghosts, injections, thunder, lightning, devils, death, and certain animals like lizards, dogs, snakes, or mice.
The National Union Catalogs, 1963-: A Cumulative Author List …

1964 – ‎No preview – ‎More editions
The Aswang Complex in Philippine Folklore

Maximo D. Ramos – 1990 – ‎No preview – ‎More editions
Creatures of Philippine lower mythology – Page 137

Maximo D. Ramos – 1971 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
The term were-dog may be used in the Philippines since there are no wolves in the country and the word aswang is probably derived from aso (“dog”), but the term werewolf will be used here to facilitate the job of relating these findings to the …
Western Folklore – Volumes 27-28 – Page 242

1968 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
Again, the gables of many a Philippine roof feature an ornamental sharp cone of tin. … that its reputed virtue in keeping the aswang creatures off the roof may have been a strong motive for its introduction into the country. … My notes indicate that the ancient Filipinos regarded crocodiles and pythons as dragons and worshipped them. … former — by day, but at night to turn into a ferocious beast, principally a dog, known as aso in many Philippine languages.9 A werewolf is identified with …
Towards a Survey of Philippine Folklore and Mythology – Page 117

Francisco R. Demetrio – 1968 – ‎Snippet view
(Note: The pages of this essay which is found in Retana’s Archivo , Vol. … itself as a small black bird perching itself over the roof of houses and from there sucking the liver of babies by means of its beak, it was called aswang. … When it appeared in the shape of an umbrella, it was called hubat, when as a dog, bagat. Baua is …
Barangay: Sixteenth-century Philippine Culture and Society

William Henry Scott – 1994 – ‎Preview – ‎More editions
Barangay presents a sixteenth-century Philippine ethnography.
Animism: Respecting the Living World

Graham Harvey – 2005 – ‎Preview – ‎More editions
What is their relationship to humans? In this new study, Graham Harvey explores current and past animistic beliefs and practices of Native Americans, Maori, Aboriginal Australians, and eco-pagans.

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University of Manila Journal of East Asiatic Studies

1959 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
NOTES ON THE PHILIPPINES 41 6. … DOG. Mandarangan, the evil-spirit of the Bagobos of southern Mindanao, is said to keep two large dogs, which he sets … The same people also beat their dogs during an eclipse to scare the crocodile. 8.
Philippine Studies – Volume 52 – Page 418

2004 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
Notes I wish to thank Froilan Havana and Inalo Yawinhay for inviting me to their respective hakyadan, both of which were … suguyan, spirit helpers of hunters; tumanod, guardian of hunting dogs; the umagad or spirit owners of game; and the …

Recollections of Manilla and the Philippines: During 1848, 1849, and 1850
By Robert MacMicking

About this book

Terms of Service
102 – 106

Page images
spiritual adviser of so large a population as that of Mariquina stood to her.

Both the priest and she were elderly people, and their intercourse has, I understood, been of long standing; and during the course of it several children have been born. But the most wonderful thing appears to be, how such a man could direct the worship of his parishioners, or lay before them the scripture tenets of his and their faith, while openly violating it before their eyes. But the same thing has taken place in Europe not unfrequently, and quite as openly, without exciting excessive scandal in many places.

There is an immense deal more of immorality among the clergy of all denominations and countries than would be believed. Alas, for human nature!


The site of Manilla is low-lying and level, and as the country in the vicinity of the capital is of the same nature, being covered by far stretching paddy fields, it presents few picturesque attractions, in order to enjoy which, and the verdure, freshness, and variety of an undulating landscape, excursions are frequently made to various places at some short distance from the town, and during Bome period of each year, most of the foreign merchants have latterly got into the plan of renting houses within driving distance, and of spending most of the dry season in them, going and returning frequently, or generally daily, to their counting-houses, so long as the roads are passable. The village of Mariquina, about seven miles from Manilla, is the most favourite place of resort, although the road to it is very bad, but it presents the attractions of very good pure air and water, and a bright landscape. Those persons who are not fond of horse exercise, make use of American light spider-carriages, drawn by a pair of ponies, as that sort of vehicle is found to be the only conveyance capable of standing the ruts and jolting over these country paths, which would to a certainty break the springs of any other description of carriage I have ever seen.

Owing to their great lightness and strength, these spider-carriages are favourite conveyances here, and these qualities render them by much the most suitable description for the country.

In the neighbourhood of Mariquina, the country is in many respects picturesque and fine; a more lovely coup aVail is seldom seen, than that which may be witnessed from the road at the top of the hill just before beginning the descent leading past the old Jesuit Convent, a partly ruinous building, now known by the name of the Hacienda; from that point, looking down on the valleys which burst on the view at once, especially at the season when they are waving with the ripe and yellow grain, or clothed in a beautiful coat of green,—on the fine river, peacefully winding through them, on the splendid old trees covered with green and luxuriant foliage, which are interspersed and dot the scene, across to the distant hills, clothed in all the glories of a tropical sunset or sunrise, and varied by the many tints of light and shade of brilliant colours, it often is a sight truly worthy of being witnessed for its glowing beauty.

At Mariquina, there is a well, the water of which has the reputation of curing many sorts of disease, more especially those of the skin, and many are the sufferers who visit it in the hope that bathing in the trough into which the spring drops, may cure their ailments. The water is slightly tepid and not disagreeable to drink, being tasteless, and is recommended for diseases of the kidneys and stomach, by the Manilla doctors.

Some miles beyond Mariquina, there is a most curious cave, of great extent, at the village of San Mateo, which is well worthy of a visit by the curious. Shortly after entering it, the height of the cavern rises to about fifty feet, although it varies continually,—so much so, that at some places there is scarcely height enough for a man to sit upright. The formations within are of a singular character, resembling sometimes immense icicles pendant from the roof to within a few feet of the floor, or in some places rising from the ground like ever-growing pyramids, as from the dropping water they are continually increasing. These pillars of stalactite are extremely hard and difficult to splinter, even after repeated blows with a hammer, some of them being beautifully milk white, while others appear rather discoloured from some cause. Several of the columns hanging from the roof may measure about a yard or more in circumference, their forms being sometimes most curious and fantastic, one stalk expanding as it descended, looked not unlike a gigantic leaf springing from its slender arm.

From the main cave there are several openings diverging and leading to chambers similar to the main room, by some openings at the sides of which the dropping water is drained off.

The temperature within the cavern was 77°, and without 86°, being a very considerable change, even in the cool of the evening, on coming out of it, just after sunset. I am afraid

to give an estimate as to the extent of this immense cave, it requires, however, five or six hours to partially see its curiosities, and of course would take far more time to investigate it properly. The only living creatures met within it, appear to be bats, which are not very numerous. Should a sportsman visit the place for several days, his gun will generally procure him some venison and wild pig to feast upon, or to present to the village priest, or to forward to his Mariquina or Manilla acquaintances. At Boroboso, also, some distance from Mariquina, he is sure of finding similar game, and in greater quantity than at San Mateo, where it is too much poached.

The great want he will experience is that of trained dogs, those used by the Indians being nearly useless, as after alarming the game by their noise, they can’t hunt it with any thing like spirit. Some few Kangaroo dogs, however, brought from Sydney, have been eagerly purchased by the Indian sportsmen, and are said to be an immense improvement on those of the country, although I have never seen their performances in the field; from their speed and strength, however, they appear more than a match for the deer of the islands, which are small-sized and greatly inferior in strength to those of the Highlands of Scotland.

The race of dogs formerly known as Manilla bloodhounds has becomes quite extinct, although some descendants of a half-bred progeny still remain, being a cross between them and the street curs. Although they possess some of the fierce and savage qualities of the old hound, it is in a much inferior degree to that of the genuine breed, whose size and appearance was very much finer than any of the mongrels now to be seen.

The old breed were so fierce as to be absolutely unsafe when at liberty, and always required to be chained up. Several years ago two fine dogs of the old breed were procured with considerable trouble, and at some expense sent to England, to a gentleman fond of dogs.

He gave orders to keep them at all times on the chain, during which they behaved so well, that a groom, going out to air a horse one morning, unloosed the chain of one of them, and took him along with him.

The dog remained quiet enough till happening

They are so delicate, that few of them can stand a sea-voyage, and all those I have ever sent away from Manilla, to any distance, have died before reaching their destination. A well-bred dog of this breed of middling size, is about as large as a full grown tom-cat, or a little bigger.

It has always appeared to me a most curious and inexplicable fact, that when good dogs are sent out from home to a hot climate such as this, they invariably are found to deteriorate to an uncommon extent, the heat causing them to lose their spirit, and also their scent. But, in fact, the animal in perfection, or, as he has been truly called at home, “the most intelligent of beasts, and the companion of man,” is only found in some places of Europe to be such.

In all tropical countries he is no longer so, becoming, even should a good breed be introduced there from Europe, very much inferior in a few generations in all respects to what we have him in Great Britain, where they appear to be found in the greatest perfection.

In hot climates the dog has not the same strength or swiftness, nor is he of equal courage, sincerity, and gentleness of character which peculiarly distinguish him from all other animals at home. Among orientals he is no longer treated in the same manner as he is in Europe, nor in fact does his character, as it exists among them, deserve equal kindness to that usually shown this faithful animal in Britain; but in Asia he is driven from their households by the Mohammedans and Hindoos alike, being regarded by them all as useless, and a pest.

In China, he is fattened for the table, and the flesh of dogs is as much liked by them as mutton is by us, being exposed for sale by their butchers and in their cook-shops.

At Canton, I have seen the hind quarters of dogs hanging up in the most prominent parts of their shops exposed for sale.

They are considered in China as a most dainty food, and are consumed by both the rich and the poor.

The breeds common in that country are apparently peculiar to itself, and they are apparently objects of more attention to their owners than elsewhere in Asia, the Celestials perhaps having an eye to their tender haunches, which bad treat