The thing about ferrets

The thing about ferrets is that they’re a very Western domesticant, animals that are domesticated mainly in the West and especially Europe. If you take a look at the dog, cat, chicken, pig and cow they’re domesticated in Eastern Eurasia or Asia, as Europe’s really just the Western tip of the continent. If dogs are believed to be first domesticated in East Asia, it makes sense that they’d be more genetically diverse there than they would be in Europe.

But ferrets seem to be mostly domesticated in Europe, while a polecat* population does exist in Africa it’s too small to be domesticated en masse the way cats are in the Middle East and Africa (it’s believed that cats were domesticated twice, first in Anatolia and second in Egypt). If ferrets were the predominant pest control animals in Europe, cats would be the predominant pest control animals in Africa and Middle East and they still are in countries like Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda and Ghana.

There aren’t a lot of Asians and Africans with pet ferrets, so the number of pet and feral ferrets are greater in Europe, North America and New Zealand that they would be in the rest of Eurasia and Africa. This proves my point that ferrets are a Western domesticant, that’s if they’re first domesticated in Southern Europe. If Southern Europe’s what greatly influenced the rest of Europe and the Western world in general then ferrets are really a Western invention whereas dogs are evidently Chinese and Mongolian exports.

Ferrets seem to mostly occur in Western countries, whereas cats and dogs are found outside of them. It could be that these two are more globally popular, though not always well-received in some places and countries. But I still have the nagging feeling that ferrets are Western domesticants, they weren’t and still aren’t exported to Asia and Africa en masse the way dogs have in Africa and Europe or cats have in the rest of Eurasia. Outside of Europe, the only places where ferrets are found in considerable numbers are in New Zealand and North America.

While New Zealand’s geographically situated in the East (that’s in the Pacific Ocean), it’s culturally Western and that’s where ferrets have become an invasive species there. But there aren’t a lot of ferrets in Asia and Africa, despite a degree of Westernisation having taken place due to colonisation. Either that they can’t adapt to the African and Asian environments or perhaps because they simply weren’t exported there. That could be likely, but cats got exported to the Americas and Oceania.

If cats and dogs are global domesticants (they’re found nearly all over the world), ferrets are a purely Western domesticant. In some regards, it could be better argued that ferrets are invariably the pets of white people while black Africans own cats and dogs as do Middle Easterners and those from the Far East. Not that there aren’t any black ferret owners, but if the number of African American pets owners is small and the number of ferret owners isn’t that great either so the number of black ferret owners would be really small.

African blacks, on the other hand, own cats and dogs in greater numbers but ferrets never became that popular in Africa despite Westernisation and colonialism. It’s not that ferrets are redundant, as much as they’re not that commonly used for hunting and pest control the way cats and dogs are in Asia and Africa. Not all Africans like cats, but it’s likelier and more common for Africans to own and use cats for pest control and dogs for hunting than they would with ferrets.

The use of ferrets is thus a very white, Western thing because white Westerners use them for hunting rabbits, rats and mice. Perhaps it’s like how monkey ownership’s a mainly Asian and African phenomenon, if because there’s a precedent for using monkeys to get fruits in Egypt and Thailand as well as monkey ownership being a thing among South American indigenous groups. (Some Angolans and Vietnamese own monkeys themselves.) If ferrets are a white person’s pet, then the monkey’s a brown person’s pet.

Cats and dogs are the most globally popular pets, everybody’s pets really and these are the pets people use for hunting and pest control in many countries. This is a fact, no amount of your opinion would change that. There are more cat and dog owners in the world, even in Africa, than there are ferret and monkey owners. This is a no-brainer, and in some cases like in Africa where polecat numbers are low people turn to cats for pest control because they’re more readily available.

While there are some Asians and blacks who own ferrets just as there are white Westerners who own monkeys but generally speaking, monkey ownership’s more common in Angola, Thailand and Vietnam and ferret ownership’s more common in Europe and North America. There aren’t a lot of African ferret owners as opposed to considerable numbers of African cat owners, this is a fact based on what I’ve read. Likewise, from personal experience there aren’t a lot of Filipino ferret owners either.

I still stand by my observations and understanding that ferrets are practically Western domesticants as they never exist in substantial numbers outside of Western countries.

*European polecats are the direct ancestors of the ferrets.

World War III

I remember reading the Valdres prophecy before where somebody who wrote that letter said that World War III would make World War II look like child’s play, especially in terms of the scope and the fact that the nuclear bomb attacks only happened twice in Japan back then. She said that much of Europe, America and Japan will be devastated by nuclear attacks, which can pollute the air and have some people flee to poorer nations for their safety even if they’ll not be welcomed there. (I even have a feeling that by the time WWIII happens, Nigeria will already be a first world country and become the destination for European refugees fleeing the war.)

I tried out Nukemap to see what would happen if a nuclear attack ever happens to Norway and Sweden, which may happen anyways in the future. Of course, the Bible has predicted about wars in which things like WWII and the Anglophone Crisis in Cameroun has already happened. But the third world war would be very apocalyptic in Europe and Japan, where many lives will be lost and those who survive either stay and clean the place up or flee elsewhere in Asia and Africa where they migrate there but will not be welcomed. The third world war will happen in the 2030s-2040s, which’s already when much of Africa has become first world enough to support those immigrants.

By the time Cameroon’s already a first world country (this will happen in 2023), it will welcome those European immigrants fleeing the war and they will try to make peace in there. There will be many nuclear attacks in Europe coming from Russia, China and South Korea and either one of them will attack Japan. This will mark the third and fourth times Japan will be attacked by a nuclear bomb and this will hit the capital. Paris, London, Rome, Berlin and Madrid will burn in a nuclear fire where others flee for their lives once they head to the newly rich Africa for safety.

Africa in those years will already become a world power of a continent, especially when it comes to Nigeria becoming a first world country in 2022 and this will happen soon. Africa will become rich enough to make use of its natural resources, some like Democratic Republic of Congo will use these for electricity and war especially towards Europe. Europe will be attacked by Asia, Russia and Africa where the capitals will be bombed and sacked. There will be survivors who’ll stay in Europe but others will flee to the now first world African countries of Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Uganda and Cameroon.

Europe won’t be gone but the capitals will become nuclear wastelands not unlike what happened to Hiroshima and Nagasaki before, except that they’re everywhere in Europe or almost so.

Mongrels of Europe

Depending on the individual percentages, around 60 percent of dogs in Austria come from unplanned pregnancies. Likewise around 47 percent and then 42 percent of dogs in Germany come from unplanned pregnancies, however those under 25 owned more mongrel dogs at around 54 percent. Mongrel dogs make up 60 percent of dogs in France, 65 percent in the Netherlands and 70 percent in Poland. Poland so far has the highest number of owned dogs that are mongrels in this essay so far.

There’s a study stating that mongrels are a super-breed of sorts in Europe, which makes them a landrace and possibly ancestral to a good number of dog breeds in Europe. I would go on saying that if breed dogs are descended from a landrace, that’s going to involve a lot of founder effect when it comes to the loss of genetic diversity and while it’s possible to out-breed them to different breeds, you also need to breed them to dogs of entirely different landraces to keep them from being this inbred.

But with mongrels they breed freely with each other, sometimes doing so whenever they stray so it goes hand in hand with the number of stray dogs in Europe. (It’s also safe to say that the number of times dogs stray in the media often occurs in the countryside.) There’s a lingering prejudice against mongrel dogs in both Europe, Africa and Asia so far as they’re seen as less refined and sophisticated even though they have more genetic diversity.

(Mating purebreds to mongrels will bring in more genetic diversity.)

Nonetheless, there are people who do see the good in mongrel dogs, value and advocate for them very much. There are even dog shows for mongrels. Likewise there’s growing awareness of inbreeding in pedigree dogs which involves a degree of out-breeding to keep them from being too inbred. But with free-breeding, inbreeding is minimised to a degree and sometimes happens accidentally so. Which I think’s the case with many mongrels around the world, not just in Europe.

For the love of cats and dogs

I actually think that even in the Middle Ages and Renaissance where cats and dogs get persecuted for their association with witchcraft, there were likely some people who do love, value and tolerate them in any way. One good example would be Mr Francesco Petrarca who mummified his own cat in the style of Egyptians and evidently valued it very much. Likewise there were monasteries with a habit of owning cats and dogs for pest control and guarding, some monasteries like New Skete still do this.

Even in some African countries where you have people associating cats and dogs with witchcraft, there are those who do value and love their pets very dearly. I suspect in Nigeria where you have people who persecute cats in the South, there are those who do defend and love them very much or at the very least tolerate and respect them especially in the North and outside of it to some extent. That too’s likely the case for almost any animal in other African countries whenever those superstitions persist.

So it’s just as likely in medieval and Renaissance Europe that there are people who do value, cherish and love their cats and dogs dearly whether in monasteries or outside of them. Just because those animals were associated with witchcraft doesn’t mean everybody else associates them with that as there are others who believe otherwise so it’s just as likely in contemporary Africa as it would be in medieval Europe.

Cats in Medieval Ireland and Europe

Hard to believe it at first, but Medieval Ireland did have laws regarding cats, their use and occupations where one of the law mentions a cat for cowherds and a cat to guard the pantry away from mice. Recently, there was a cat that was a shepherd named Bodacious as if the creature lived up to its ancestors’ use, though to be fairer still there might still be Irish people who do value cats for practical things like pest control for instance. That’s the case with some households and farms where you do see a glimpse of how cats were valued in medieval Ireland.

As for their overall position in medieval Europe, depending on the country where like with their dog counterparts they’re associated with witchcraft or if cats are solely linked to witchcraft and with Ireland there might be some European countries that tolerated them a lot. Especially whenever they’re called in to hunt mice in pantries, houses and farms where I think that’s the case with contemporary Africa where there are some African countries that link both cats and dogs to witchcraft, some that solely link cats to witchcraft and those that tolerate them around.

Ireland and Russia might be one of those European countries that tolerated cats a lot during the Middle Ages, perhaps alongside Cyprus, Armenia, Wales (because it had a law mentioning the use of cats as well), Turkey and Greece. Whilst Ireland’s unmistakably Catholic and thus the exception to the rule same with Wales at some point, Greece, Cyprus, Armenia and Russia belong to different branches of Christianity so cats are spared from a certain pope’s ire at the time.

Likewise contemporary Ghana, Kenya, Cote d’Ivoire, Togo, Cameroon and Uganda are one of those African countries that tolerate cats a lot and/or associate both cats and dogs with witchcraft whereas Nigeria, Benin and Republic of Congo only associate cats with witchcraft and even then not all Nigerians necessarily believe in those things so it’s likely not all medieval Europeans despised cats.

Interchangeable or not

It’s tempting to consider any country with a shared language interchangeable and certainly is to some extent when it comes to a shared language but they also have enough nuances and differences (especially cultural, historical and geographic) to be teased apart however if you look hard enough.

To wit, the Democratic Republic of Congo’s colonised by Belgium, is historically the Kingdom of Congo and is populated by Kongos, Lubas and a few other ethnicities that I forgot. Cameroon’s colonised by France, is practically a narrow strip of land and populated by Bamileke, Fula, Ewondo and Hausa.

Or Togo being predominately Ewe and Cote d’Ivoire and Ghana being mostly Akan despite linguistic differences (French and English), but that involves knowing them well enough. The same principle applies to Europe were Austria and Switzerland are both landlocked and closer to Italy than Germany is.

Belgium’s a narrow plot of low-lying land and possibly has more light-haired people (due to its proximity to Germany and Netherlands) than France does, which’s actually the most obvious difference as with Austria and Switzerland to Germany.

(Actually, Switzerland’s technically more officially recognised languages like Italian, French and German compared to Austria though it’s possibly not without its own minority languages as with Germany having Sorbian and East Frisian.)

For another matter, this goes for the Americas where Canada’s obviously near the Arctic Circle save for Alaska, America’s only Arctic outpost. Barbados is smaller than Jamaica, Cuba used to be communist and Puerto Rico (and a few others like Suriname) still have Taino populations.

As in the native people of the Caribbeans where only vestiges of them exist in those places at the very least, or for another matter where Bolivia and Peru are influenced by Incas and Chile and Argentina’s based on Mapuche folks. Logically, Brazil’s got a large Afro-descendant population.

And don’t forget that Mexico and Guatemala owe a lot to the Aztecs and Mayans respectively, as for Asia Taiwan’s got the Aboriginals which are similar to Philippine Ivatans. China’s got several other ethnicities ranging from Mosuo to Tibetan, Uighur and Manchu.

Malaysia and Indonesia are Muslim-majority, South Korea and Philippines have substantial Christian populations and that Japan’s home to the Ainu and Okinawans. Pakistan and Bangladesh are Muslim, but Nepal and India are Hindi-majority.

Blond or not?

When it comes to blondism in Europe, it’s not necessarily nonexistent but I suspect if you absent dull mousy blond hair (which’s actually the most common blond hair in Europe and the second most common European hair colour after dark brown hair) then the stereotypical blond colour’s rare among adults.

(Though I’d argue mousy blond hair is common among many Europeans upon adulthood, even if it’s the colour some try to change into something more fashionable.)

If you include dull mousy blond hair, blond hair’s still common in Europe though mousy blond/light brown hair’s the most common blond colour around for many European adults and commoner still when going up North (up to a point, arguably).

So to speak, dark brown hair’s the most common hair colour in Europe followed by mousy blond/light brown hair.

Are they this blond?

It’s like stereotyping all Westerners and especially Americans and Europeans as blond, that whilst not all of them are necessarily this blond they’d still have relatively naturally lighter hair than most Africans and Asians do (that’s if you absent certain disorders and dyes).

Actually to complicate things further, although not every European necessarily has blond hair the sort of blond hair that most Europeans do have upon reaching adulthood’s a dull mousy colour that some dye but others leave it alone. (This is the hair colour that roughly half of Europeans naturally have.)

It’s not that Europeans are any less blond as much as the degree of hair darkening varies between individuals, so some Europeans with mousy hair may’ve lucked out as their hair didn’t darken much (though some try to change it into another colour).

The Four Kingdoms

I’ve come to the conclusion that the four beasts in Daniel don’t really refer to Middle Eastern empires (even though they’re not without fault) but rather Europe with regards to the Roman Empire. I suspect if we count the Greek Empire, there are likely three other beasts (the second beast is the Roman Empire, the third is the Holy Roman Empire and the current European Union).

Or if we exclude it as it fell to Ottoman powers, the first reich is the Roman Empire, the second reich is the Holy Roman Empire and the third reich is Nazi Europe where they drove out the Jews (bear in mind some Muslim countries aren’t any better, but a few have communities sympathetic to and influenced by Jews like Berbers and Turkey even has Crypto-Christian communities).

The Ottoman Empire could be an antichrist Empire but pales in comparison to what would actually happen in Italy where I think the true Roman Empire would begin again (and reports of Roman Catholicism being the Roman Empire in disguise).

Mongrel strays

Like I said in another post, when there are strays there ought to mongrels though this isn’t always the case it does make sense especially whenever dogs roam, by chance they’ll mate with other dogs regardless of the breed and let’s not forget any degree of straying from cats and dogs do occur in the countryside, which’s not without its own problems (reports of dogs killing deer have been noted).

What does matter is that whenever there are strays, there are mongrels if they do mate when straying by chance and let’s not forget that a good number of Europeans own mongrel dogs where in some cases they are the majority. Let’s not forget that some European countries encourage stinginess where even if not all of its natives are stingy, some will be raised as stingy or become one.

Not every dog is stray (or cat), not every mongrel is stray and not every European owns a mongrel but certain circumstances (wanting a cheaper pet, being in a remote rural area) may favour stray mongrels over pedigrees.