Here, says Tanner, was a Monastery of some note, in the early Saxon times,* but ruined in the devastation made hereabout by the Danes, A. D. 870.
Here St. Felix, first bishop of the East Angles, is said to have founded a Monastery about the year 630, in which he placed the Episcopal See, which was afterwards removed to Dunwich.b
Bishop Tanner calls this ” A small Priory near Up-
well.” In a note, he says, ” I cannot give any account either of the foundation or valuation of this Priory; and yet it was in being 20 Hen.1,VIII., for I find it mentioned that year in the following manner: ‘There is a drayne from Upwell to Welney, and beginneth at Thirlingegate, which the prior of Mermaud and the chanon of Thirlinge must dense. The river from Erith to Benwick, from Kirkwere to Dodney Cote, Mr. Croft shall dense; and from thence to the willow in Fages-fenne, the prior of Thirling shall dense j from Mermaud to Thirling lake, the prior of Thirling, the cellerer of Bury, and the prior of Mermaud shall dense.’ A manor in Thirling and Upwell, Tanner adds, was granted, 30 Hen. VIII., to Thomas Meggs, as part of the possessions of the Priory of Ixworth in Suffolk; unless it be a mistake in the Abstracts I have procured.”
Brunnesburo, or Brimesburgh,0 says Tanner. Here was a Monastery (dedicated to St. Barnabas, as Mr. Mores) founded by the famous Elfleda, countess of Mercia, about the year of Christ 912.
“Anno Edwardi Regis xvj.” Elfleda, uxor Ethelredi ducis, ” soror dicti Regis Edwardi, regnum Merciorum, exceptis London, et Oxonia quas rex sibi retinuit longo tempore strenue rexit, et anno eodem Monasterium et Burgum de Brimesburgh construxit.”
Chron. Jo. Bromt. abb. Jorn. Script, x. Twysd. col. 834. So Leland, Collcctan. torn. i. pp. 215,219.
Whatever this was, says Tanner, it probably soon decayed. The Church of Bromburgh or Bronborrow in Wyrehall was impropriated to the Abbey of Chester, and since made part of the endowment of the Dean and Chapter.
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Tanner speaks of a Nunnery at St. Benet’s in the parish of Lanivet, the tower whereof, he says, is yet standing. In a Note, he says, Tonkin, Qucere.
CONSTANTYN, in the Deanry of KERRYER.
Tanner says, This seems to have been a Church of more than ordinary note, by what is said in Domesday Book, under the title ” Ecclesise aliquorum Sanctorum;” sc.
“Sanctus Constantinus habet dimidiam hidam terrse quae fuit quieta ab omni servitio tempore Regis Edwardi; sed postquam comes terram accepit, reddidit gelduminjuste sicut terra villanorum. Terra est nil. car. Val. x. solid. Quando comes terram accep. valeb. Xl. solid.” d
Carew, in his Survey, foil. 81 b, 116 b, mentions a Friary here of which no other notice has been discovered.
* “Apud Horningsey monasterium regiac dignitatis extitit, eratque ibidem non parva congregatio clericorum.” MS. Lib. Eliensis, lib. ii. cap. 32. et exinde doctiss. Caius in Antiq. Cantab, acad. Lond. 1568. 12°. p. 218.
° Lib. Elien. Hist. Ramesb. edit Gale, cap. lxxxii.
• Vide Nominum locorum explicationem per cl. Gibsonum ad finem Chron. Saxon, in voce Brunanburgh. It is much more reasonable that this town should be placed in this part of the kingdom, where this lady
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DACOR presided; and Camden in Cumberland, and Leland, Collect.
li. p. 152, speak of it from him: but it does not appear from Bede in bis Ecclesiastical History, b. iv. ch. 32, men- any records to have been standing since the Conquest, as is tions a Monastery, which being built near the river Dacore, noted at the bottom of Gibson’s Camden, col. 831, edit, took its name from it, over which the religious man Suidbert 1695.
Tanner says,” Churchill, in the parish of East Downe, in the deanry of Shirwell. Here was some time a Priory.” He refers to Eisdon, vol. i. p. 121.
Leland, in his Itinerary, vol. iii. p. 70, says, “There was and is a Chapelle of S. Patrike, as I remember, yn the Castele of Dartemouth: and it hath been yn tymes paste, as it apperith, sum litle Cell annexid to sum great Abbay.”
In vol. viii. of the same work, p. 107, he says, ” Ther
is a Chapell of Seint Patrike in the Castle of Dartemouthe, and by some old writynges it aperithe that it was a Cell of Monks.”
In the parish of South Bovey: once, according to Bisdon, a Priory, afterwards the seat of the Southcots :a but Lysons observes he can find no Becord to confirm the tradition of its having been a priory.
A Monastery in the diocese of Exeter. Begistr. Episc. Exon. MS.
The Priory of St John Baptist stood at the east end of the Town, and was valued, 26 Hen. VIII., at 6/. per annum. Tanner says, it is not known to what Order it belonged. It is now a dwelling-house, and is called St. Jones. See Hutchins’s Hist Dorset, vol. i. p. 241.
CAMESTRUM, or CAMESTERNE.
Leland, Itin. vol. viii. p. 65, says,” Camestern. Moniales nigra.”
Tanner calls it a Monastery of White Nuns, mentioned in Gervase of Canterbury’s Manuscript Catalogue: so must be as ancient as the time of K. Richard 1st. It was dedicated to St Mary Magdalen.
Hutchins, in his History of Dorsetshire, says,
“Our accounts of this House are very imperfect and obscure: I am inclined to fix it at Cripton (anciently a manor and vill belonging to Winterborn Came), as Winterborn Came entirely belonged to the Abbey of Caen, and Priory of Frampton: Cripton might be called anciently Winterburn Hundingdon, and this might be a Cell to Tarent, and Camestrum a corruption for Kaineston, near which it stood. Or the difference of the dates of these two foundations may be reconciled by supposing the nunnery of TarentKaineston to have been founded first at Camestrum, and removed to Tarent in the next century. But if you suppose them to have been of the Benedictine Order (Leland calls them Moniales nigrae, which was the habitof the Benedictines; that of the Cistercians was black in publick, but white at home), it might stand in Came, and be under the patronage of the Abbey of Caen.”
This, it must be owned, leaves the matter in the same obscurity in which the author found it
Dr. Rawlinson had in his possession a Seal with this Inscription:
“S. Conv. de Poole.” See the English Topographer, 8vo. Lond. 1720, p. 43.
Hutchins, in his History of Dorsetshire, first edition, vol. ii. p. 71, says, “Here was a small Priory or Cell belonging to the Priory of Shene in Surrey, and perhaps long before a Cell to some foreign monastery.”
Here is said to have been a Nunnery0 in the Saxon times, before the year 876,d when this town was assaulted and taken by the Danes.
WILCHESWOOD, in the Parish of LANGTON MATRAVERS.
Here, says Tanner, was anciently a small Priory, of what order cannot be discovered. It was dedicated to St Leonard, and was in the patronage of the lords of the manor of Langton Wallis. Its principal is, in the records, sometimes styled chaplain, sometimes warden or prior, and the House itself, sometimes a Priory, sometimes a Chantry or Free Chapel. It was endowed with lands in Mappouder and Knolton, valued temp. Hen. VIII. at 12/. 16s. 4td., and was suppressed in that reign with other lesser houses.
See Hutchins’s Dorsetshire, vol. i. p. 214, 1st edit.
BACTANESFORD. Here, says Tanner, was a Monastery of black canons
* See Risdon. i. 51, and Lysons’s Mas;. Brit Devon, p. 57. k Not in Wiltshire, as the old edit, of Mon. Angl. torn. i. p. 1036.
from Gisburn, begun to be built by Henry Pusar or Pudsey, son to the Bishop; but the monks of Durham opposed it so much, that, after his father’s decease, he desisted, and gave
« LeL Collect torn. ii. p. 388.
d Cressy’s Church Hist lib. xxviii. ch. 9. ex …
■what he designed for this House to the establishing a Cell at Finchale, A. D. 1196.
Geoffrey de Coldingham, in his History of Durham, in the chapter “De electione Philippi Pictaviensis,” says, “Constructionis interea Monasterii apud Bacstaneford impatientes monachi canonicos in causam vocaverant; et usque ad ejectionem eorum tam literis apostolicis quam juri suo et prudential innitentes, nec expensis nec labori parcentes institerant. Henricus de Puteaco, pccnitentia. ductus, veniam a. priore et fratribus sua; praesumptionis expetiit, et in concordiam sub hac forma pacis rediit: Concesserunt praedicti prior et monachi eidem Henrico locum suum de Finckale cum pertinentiis suis; quem idem Henricus super altare B. Cuthberti in eleemosynam obtulit, et ecclesiae in perpetuum libere possidendam, cum omnibus rebus et possessionibus, quas in usus prius contulerat canonicorum, concessit et confirmavit; sc. ut illic ecclesiam construeret et conventum monachorum institueret.” Anglia Sacra, torn, i pp. 726, 727.
St. Ebba, daughter of Ethelfrid King of Northumber-
land, afterwards abbess of Coldingham, built here, upon the banks of the Darwent, a Monastery, before the year of Christ 660, which was afterwards destroyed by the Danes.*
Tanner writes Gateshead, Gateshide, Goatshead, olim Ad Caprese caput: and says, Here was a Monastery, whereof Uttan was abbat, before A.D. 653.b
Bourn, in his History of Newcastle, p. 166, says, The Monastery of Uttanus was where Mr. Riddle’s or Gateshead House now is: but the tradition in Leland’s time placed this Monastery where afterwards was the site of St. Edmund’s Hospital.0
At or near this place was the ancient Monastery called Heorthu, founded upon the first conversion of the Northumbrians to Christianity, about A. D. 640, by a religious woman named Hieu, or, as some copies have it, St. Bega,d whereof St. Hilda was some time Abbess.*
TILLABURGH, or WEST TILBURY and ITHANCESTER.
Bede, in his Ecclesiastical History, book iii. cap. 22, tells us, that Cedda bishop of the East Saxons, about A.D. 630/ converted the Inhabitants of this County to the faith of Christ, built Churches in several places, and ordained priests and deacons to assist him in that great work; but especially ” in the city, which in the language of the Saxons is called Ythancestir: and also in that which is named Tillaburgh (the first of which places is on the bank of the river Pante, the other on the bank of the Thames); where
gathering a flock of servants of Christ, he taught them to observe the discipline of a regular life, as far as those rude people were then capable.” From hence, Cressy saith, he built Monasteries here; and Camdem, Norden, and Newcourt say, he had his episcopal see at “West Tilbury. Wharton, in his account of Cedda, amongst the Bishops of London, takes no notice of this, and as to Ythancestir, it hath been so long swallowed up in the river Pante, or (as it is now called) Frodsham, that there have not been any remains of it for many years; but it is supposed8′ to have been where St Peter’s on the Wall now is, or near it.h
Here, says Tanner, was an old religious House long before the Conquest, which might be the Family set Bepclea mentioned in the Acts of another synod at Clovesho, A. D. 824.1 But it is more doubtful whether it consisted of Monks, as Mr. Collier,k or Nuns ;x who were suppressed by the villany of Earl Godwin, temp. Edw. Con/., as related by Camden and others out of Walter Mapes.
Leland in his Itinerary, vol. vi. p. 74, says, “Here were Nunnes destroyed, as sum say, by the Danes; it longith now to the Abbey of Glocester.”
From Spelman’s Concilia, vol. i. p. 326, from Wilkins’s Concilia, vol. i. p. 168, and from Heming’s Chartulary ” de Redditu Ecclesiae Wigorn.,” p. 50, here appears to have been a Monastery, A. D. 803.
Leland says that “there was afore the Conquest a fair and rich College of Prebendaries in this Toune, but of what Saxon’s foundation no man can tell.” m Remedius, chancellor to S. Edward the King, is said to have been founder.11 King Henry the First on making his new foundation,0 took away all their old charters.”
* Cress/s Church History, lib. xviii. c. 14.
b Vide Bedae Hist. Eccl. lib. iii. c 21. Leland, Collect, torn. ii. p. 140.
e Lei. Itin. vol. vii. p. 64. See Tann. Notit. Monast Durh. ix. d Lei. Coll. torn. ii. p. 150. iii. p. 39.
• Beds Hist Eccl. L iii. c. 24. L iv. c. 23. Capgr. Vita S. Hilda:.
‘So Camden and Newcourt: but Wharton and Fuller place
Cedda’s being made bishop here as low as the years 653 and 656.
» See Lei. Collect torn. i. p. 367. ii. p. 140.
h Tann. Notit Monast. Essex, xli.
1 Spelm. Concil. torn. i. p. 335. Compare the present Work, vol. i. p. 590. App. Num. XX.
k Eccl. Hist vol. i. p. 152 j and this may be confirmed from Tilhere’s (who was made bishop of Worcester A. D. 744, as Dugdale, or A. D. 778, as Angl. Sacr. torn. i. p. 470.) being said, in the passages here referred to, to have been before abbat of Beorclea. And so likewise Etheldune, who was made bishop of Worcester A.D. 915, is said to
have been first abbat of Beorclea, Angl. Sacr. torn. i. p. 472; and there is farther mention of the abbat of Beorclea in the present work, vol. i. 609. The charter of Ethelred also expressly calls them monks, eming, p. 103. Tann.
1 Some memory of Nuns seems to have been preserved after the Conquest in this Charter of Adeleid or Adelicia, relict of King Henry L “Adelicia Dei gratia Symoni eadem gratia Wigorn. episc. &c. Sciatis me concessisse et dedisse Ecclesia? de Kadyng, &c. ecclesias de Berkelei hern. soil, ecclesiam de Berkelei cum pnebendis eidem ecclesia? pertinentibus et prsebendis duarum moniahum, et ecclesiam de Chamma,” &c. Cartular. MS. Worslean. fol. 6 a. And Leland says, the tradition in his time was that it had been a Nunnery, Itin. vol. vi. p. 72. But this church afterwards belonged to St Austin’s in Bristol. Tann. m Lei. Itin. vol. ii. 49. Itin. vol. v. p. 65. “Reyner, tract i. 159. 0 Lei. Collect torn. i. p. 185. » Tann. Notit. Monast. Glocest. vi.
CLIVE, or WENDESCLIVE.
Here was a Monastery dedicated to St. Michael the Archangel in the time of King Offa, about A. D. 790. See the charter of that King granting Timbingeton to it, in the account of the Church of Worcester,” to which Clive appears to have become annexed before the year 888.b
MAGNUSFELDE, or MANGERSFELD.
Leland, in his Itinerary, vol. vi. p. 72, says, ” Here was once without fayle a Nunnery; part of the cloyster standith yet.” Tanner informs us that the Patent 35 Edw. III. p. 1, m. 7. mentions a Chapel here belonging to the Church of St. Peter near Bristol, but takes no notice of any religious belonging to it.c
Leland, Itin. vol. vi. p. 92, mentions the tradition of a Nunnery having once existed there.
TETTAN, TETTEBURI, or TETBURY.
A Monastery appears to have existed here. Amongst the donations to the Abbey at Malmesbury, A. D. 680, there is a gift of fifteen cassates of land “juxta Tettan Monasterium” or as it is in the confirmation both of the deed and gift, “juxta Tettebury.”d
Gueta, wife to Earl Godwin, is said to have built a Religious House here, to make amends for her husband’s fraud at Berkley.e
Here, says Tanner, as Mr. Camden thinks, was that ancient Monastery under the Abbat Cimberth, about the year 680, called by Bede Reodford, i. e. Arundinis Vadum.’
SAP ALAND A.
The Monachi de Sapalanda occur in several entries of the Liber Wintonia3, or Winton Domesday, printed by the Commissioners upon the Public Records in their Volume supplementary to the Great Domesday, p. 538, apparently with reference to the time of King Edward the Confessor.
FEVERLEGE HEREFORD. Leland, in his Itinerary, vol. v. p. 11, speaks ot
“Feverlege, sumtyme a Religious Howse of Freres, sup- The Domesday Survey, torn. i. fol. 181 b, mentions
pressed olim, and the lands given to Wygmore and Lyne- Moniales de Hereford. Neither Dugdale nor Tanner ap
broke. Mortimers earls of the Marches,” he adds, “were pears to have met with any thing relating to them, founders of Wygmore, Lynebrook, and Feverlege.”
CATHALE. CHILLE and CHILTRE.
Cathale has been already mentioned in a Note to the These Destroyed Monasteries are noticed by Bishop Account of Cheshunt Nunnery, vol. iv. p. 829, and seems Tanner. He mentions them as “Two Houses of Black to have been founded by the Mandevilles. Cattehale Nuns mentioned to have been in this county in the old Gate, probably the site of this Monastery, where are the Catalogue of Religious Houses ascribed to Gervase of Canremains of a Chapel, still exists as the boundary fence which terbury, MS. Corp. Christ. Coll. Cant, and also in Speed.” divides the parish of Enfield in Middlesex from that of “But,” he adds, ” I have yet found nothing further of them Northan, exactly answering to the terms of the deed in any other authors, printed or manuscript. Sir Henry Num. II. from Humphry de Bohun, printed in theAp- Chauncy, p. 371, mentions a manor called Cheles, belonging pendix to Cheshunt Nunnery. to the Hospitalers.” *
From a passage already given in the Appendix to the Account of St. Augustine’s Abbey at Canterbury, it appears
* See the present Work, vol. i. p. 589.
b Vide in Hemin^i libro de terr. et reddit Monasterii Wigor. p. 118. Cartam Werfnthi episc. Wigorn. de Almundington quondam ad Monast de Cliva pertinente, dat A. D. 888, p. 245, limites sive terminos terne de Clive, Saxonice. See Tann.
c Tann. Notit. Oloucesterth. xxiv.
d Compare Tanner, Qloucestersh. xxx. and the Appendix to the Account of Malmesbury in the present Work, vol. i. p. 258.
• Tann. from the Additions to Camden, col. 247. edit. 1695.
that in the early Saxon times, there was within the walls upon the south part of this City a Monastery built in honour of St. Mildred, whose last abbat’s name was Alfwic.h Both Somner and Battely are silent upon this Monastery.
‘Notit. Monast. Hampsh. xxvi. Bede’s words, li. iv. c 16, are, “Quod cum audisset abbas quidam et presbyter vocabulo Cyniberct, habens non longe ab inde Monasterium in loco qui vocatur Hreutford, id est Vadum harundinis,” &c. edit. Smith, p. 159. Leland, Collect torn. L p. 76, says, “Monasterium de Redbrige enascente Saxonica ecclesia fundatum, cujus abbas Cymberth baptizavit duos fratres puerulos Arvandi regis Vectis carnificis manum jamjam subituros.”
» Tann. Notit Monast Hertf. vii.
h See the present Work, vol. i. p. 128, Append. S. Aug. Num. IV.
Cressy, out of Harpsfield, makes K. Egbert, who died A. D. 673, to have built here, for his sister Ermenburga, a Monastery dedicated to St. Ethelbert and St. Ethelbright, which seems to have been a mistake of the story of St. Ethelbert and St. Ethelred, brothers of Domneva here murdered, and for the expiation of which crime the Abbey of Minstre was founded.”
ELFLEET, or ELSLIT.
Speed, says Tanner, places here a Nunnery of Domneva’s foundation; which, if at all, seems rather to have been at Ebbsfleet, in the Isle of Thanet.b
Leland, speaking of this place in his Itinerary, says, “It evidently apereth that where the Paroch Chirch is now was sumtyme a fair Abbay. Yn the Quire be fayre and many Pylers of marble, and under the Quier a very fair Vaute, also a faire olde Dore of stone, by the which the Religius Folkes cam yn at mydnight. In the top of the Chirch Yard is a fayr Spring, and thereby Ruines of Howses of Office of the Abbey; and not far of was an Hospital of a Gentilman infected with Lepre.”c
Stevens, in his Continuation of Dugdale, vol. i. p. 530, gives the following Account of this Monastery, from W. Thorn’s Chronicle, col. 1931.
“There was formerly a Monastery of Nuns at Newynton, who were possessed of all that manor; but by whom founded does not appear. It happened afterwards, that the prioress thereof was strangled by her cook at night, |in her bed, and afterwards dragged to the well, which is called Nunnepet; whereupon the king seized that manor into his own hands, and kept it in his own custody, removing the rest of the nuns to Shepey. Afterwards Henry, father to King John, before the martyrdom of St. Thomas the Martyr, by advice, placed there seven priests, in the nature of secular canons, and gave them the said manor entire, and 28 weight of cheese from the manor of Middleton. Afterwards one of them was killed among them, of which murder four were found guilty; and the other two, not guilty, with the king’s licence, gave their portion to the abbey of St. Augustin, and the other five parts remained in the king’s hands, till he gave the same to the Lord Richard de Lucy, his justice, whereupon the abbat of St. Augustin’s held the said two parts. Another manuscript says, that those seven prebendaries committed that crime in the reign of King William the Conqueror, by which means all that they possessed was forfeited into the king’s hands; the which King William gave the two so often mentioned parts to the abbat of St. Augustin’s. Which of these two Accounts is the truest, is left to the reader to judge; but we will here add a third, from Mr. Hearne’s Fragmenta Sprottiana/ as follows:
“A short History of Nevn/nton.
“Memorandum, That there were once nuns at the manor of Newynton, who held that whole manoi, viz. that which the abbat of St. Augustin’s at Canterbury now holds, and that which the heirs of W. de Ripariis hold, besides what Richard Lucy purchased, Brunell Middleton, and then that manor was maintained for one swyllyngate of land to
the king at Middleton. A certain king that then was gave to the same nuns 10 pounds of his revenue at West-Newynton, in alms, at two terms, viz. at the feast of St Michael, and at the feast of St. Martin. And he assigned to the same nuns on the same 10 pounds his revenue, as far as they were to pay at the aforesaid two terms out of the said manor. And they paid at the term of St. Thomas the Apostle five shillings, and at the term of Palm-Sunday five shillings, like other swylling lands in the country. And afterwards it happened that the prioress of the same monastery was strangled by her cat in her bed at night, and afterwards dragged to a well, which is called Nunnepette. And afterwards the king took that manor into his hands, and held it in his custody. And he removed those nuns as far as Shepey. And King Henry the father of King John, before the martyrdom of St Thomas the Martyr, by the advice of the same, placed there seven priests in the nature of secular canons, and gave them the said whole manor, and besides he gave them for to mend their diet 28 weight of cheese of his manor of Middleton. And soon after one of their number was killed among them, and four were found guilty of the death of the fifth their brother. And two of the seven, who were not found guilty, with the king’s licence, gave their portion to the abbat of St. Augustin’s at Canterbury, and the other five parts remained in the king’s hands, until he gave those parts to Richard Lucy, at that time his justice. Afterwards it happened that the same Richard Lucy had a son called Godfrey Lucy bishop of Winchester, his heir, and after the death of that bishop, Godfrey Lucy, that manor devolved to Roysia Dovore, sister to that Godfrey, Anne sister of the aforesaid Roisia, and Maud Lucy the daughter of the said Roisia; and so that manor is divided. Thence the abbat of St. Augustin’s holds as well in lands as in revenues of the aforesaid seven parts two parts in all particulars, and the other five parts are divided into two parts. Whereof GefFry Lucy held one part, viz. that which belonged to Roisia, and Henry de Ripariis held the, other part of the gift of Maud Lucy his mother, and according to the aforesaid manor they pay their revenue to the court of Middleton at the feast of St. Thomas the Apostle, that is, Geflxy Lucy 22^d., and Henry de Ripariis 22£d., and the abbat oi St Augustin 15d., and the like at Easter.
“This monastery is not taken notice of in the Monasticon, or by Willis in his History of Abbies, as having ceased to be so long before the general suppression; notwithstanding the which, it deserves to be mentioned, as well as cities which are entirely lost, and their very situation not known. This must suffice concerning it, having no where met with any more concerning the same. Only I must here observe, that the two accounts from Thorn and Sprot exactly agree, excepting only in one point, about the strangling of the prioress, of which the former says it was done by her cook, and the latter by her cat, which we must leave as we find it.”
Tanner says, some writings assign the misfortune above mentioned among the Prebendaries to have happened temp. Will. Conq. And in Thorn’s Chronicle, col. 1788, it is positively asserted that the Conqueror gave the abbey of St. Augustine’s eight prebends in Newington. Compare also Hasted’s History of Kent, vol. ii. p. 550.