She’s gone to the dogs

Bear in mind at some point or another, female owners of lapdogs and poodles were deemed crazy as in ‘what’s wrong with her?’ not helped by stereotyping them as single and undesirable (some of them were like that). It could be argued that’s the same or similar sentiment around women who feed stray dogs in India, Taiwan, Mexico, Malaysia and China where they even risk getting abused for it.

Or for another matter, dog haters and certain African Americans (though generally speaking, not too many African Americans* own pets to begin with). But I think arguably in China, Taiwan and India we get a glimpse of the dog-obsessed spinster in action, even if not all dog feeders are necessarily single nor childless, it’s more the flack they get’s comparable to spinster toy dog owners of yore.

*Globally speaking, there might be a lot of black cat and dog owners in Africa so it may not be true for everybody else in the diaspora.

The Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Volume 8

The Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Volume 8

Here we find several mechanisms at work. Her wish to have her baby home with her is almost realized. On examining more closely, the dog is substituted for the baby and she proceeds to pet and fondle it as if it really were the baby. The pet-like, faithful, dependent, helpless dog is, to her, symbolical of the helpless, irresponsible and sympathy-demanding baby. It is the same mechanism by which old maids and childless wives substitute a dog for a child. Here we find it in the dream. Furthermore, it may be said that Mrs. C. always liked dogs very much and petted them. Her children made it a practice every now and then to bring home some lost, homeless, hungry dog and feed him up and give him a home for a few hours or even days. It was the mother who saw that the strayed dogs temporarily brought to her home got sufficient food and a decent place to sleep. Mrs. C. is a very kind-hearted and sympathetic woman.

Family Herald, Volume 24

Heroines of fiction – Volume 1 – Page 80books.google.com.ph › books

William Dean Howells – 1903 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
But her people are not merely eccentrics or originals; and one remembers them for their qualities as well as for their singularities. … and who, when cast off by her father, goes with her lapdogs and parrots to find a home with her husband’s family in the Scotch Highlands, … The three old-maid sisters of the laird of Glenfern are eccentrics, without the inconsistency which distinguishes characters; they are as …

Family Herald, Volume 24

THE FAMILY HERALD. [December 1, 1866.

%

-—- RAN DO M READ | N G S. When are Piesse and Lubin like a balloon?—When they are making

a-scent.

A wit says—“No Yankee is satisfied with the truth, unless you can prove to him that it is worth eight or ten per cent.” Of course Napoleon was right when he said that “now-a-days bayonets think.” Polished steel must be capable of reflection. Douglas Jerrold was at a party, when the park guns announced the birth of a prince. “How they do powder these babies!” exclaimed Jerrold. A parson once prefaced his sermon with—“My friends, let us say a few words before we begin.” This is about equal to the man who took a short map before he went to sleep. The latest contribution to eccentric advertisement literature is as follows: —“The little elephant is entreated to communicate with his anthropological brother, on matters of great importance.”

A member of a fashionable church in New York electrified a music-seller

saying his minister had

some time since by inquiring for “Solomon’s ..”. d eauty, and that he wante

spoken of it as a production of great genius and his daughter to sing it. – cº Wº: man,” said a bothering counsel to a sailor witness, “you don’t seem to know the distinction between thick and long.”—“Don’t I, though *” —“Explain it then.”—“Well, you’re plaguy thick-headed, but you ain’t long-headed, no how,” said Jack, with a grin. A place-hunter, as he was passing near the Treasury Department lately, called the attention of President Johnson to the multitude of people that thronged about him, and exclaimed, “See what a concourse attends your presence!”—“There would be a much greater one if I were going to be anged,” replied the President, with a smile. When Sir Francis Delaval died, Foote was quite inconsolable, and locked himself up for two days; on the third, Jewell was admitted, and told him the surgeons were going to dissect his head. “The deuce they are!” said Foote; *What do they expect to find there? I have known him these five-and-twenty years, and have never found anything in it yet.” – – The celebrated Professor Porson was by no means remarkable for attention

to personal appearance. On one occasion when visiting a friend, a gentleman,

who did not know Porson, was waiting in impatient expectation of the barber. On Porson’s entering the library where the gentleman was sitting, he started up, and hastily said to Porson, “Are you the barber “-“No, sir,” replied Porson; “but I am a cunning shaver, much at your service.”

A gouty gentleman in Palace Yard one night sitting alone by his parlour fireside, a well-dressed man came very civilly into the room, and said, “Sir, I observe your servant is just gone to the alehouse, and has carelessly left your street door open; now how easy would it be, for any rascal to come in, and blow out these two wax candles, thus ! and thus ! and run away with this heavy pair of silver candlesticks!” which he accordingly did, without waiting for a reply. The Portland Relief Committee tell of a man who recently applied for aid. He was requested to answer several questions like the following:—“Did you lose your house and furniture by fire?”—“No.”—“Was your place of business burned : ”—“No.”—“On what grounds, then, do you ask aid P’’ —“Well, a man owed me a note; that man has lost all his property, and I had to settle with him at a discount, and I thought you might make it up to me.”—American Paper.

The following bond fide reply from a “lady” to an application for a situa tion was lately received by a governess in i. —“Miss W– I received your letter. I want a Governess that can make her own bed sweep her room prepare the Children for Breakfast & school to help to sew to be industrious and careful to be as one of the family willing to do anything cut bread and butter if required I like a hearty cheerful person, no puny If you can teach young beginers good English with a little music & singing, pa your own expenses in coming and going for twelve pounds per .*} should like to hear from you.-Yours truly, C. W–.”

The Emperor and Empress of the French are certainly determined not to allow themselves to be imposed upon by exhibitors at the World’s Show next year. The following paragraph, which six months ago appeared in the Moniteur, is now inserted regularly once a week in the said official paper:— “Their Majesties the Emperor …}Empress of the French once more express their intention of not accepting from the exhibitors any articles marked with their initials.” The amount of rubbish bearing their cypher and crown which they were compelled to purchase at the Exhibition of 1855 was some thing fabulous. The difficulty was to get rid of the articles.

LOVE AND HATE.

Into the kitchen came young Pat, And sat down to his dinner,

Railing sore against one John Jones, Who’d injured him—the sinner!

“Pat,” said his master, standing by, Displeasure in his eyes, “Remember that we have been told To love our enemies.” “True, sir,” said Pat, with twinkling eye, His anger now abating; “But, faith ! how can five him now ?— Can’t love him when I’m ateing ”

A MAIDEN SPEECH.-Ask papa. THE CRY of THE WEAK-EYED.—“Down with the dust.”

º Motios Discovered.—The winding up of public companies. – tºuch.

A RELIEF.—If the trees could speak, to what officer would they appeal?— The re-lieving officer.—Punch. –

AN OUT-AND-out-ER. — Our friend, º, Greyling, is such an ardent º: that, when he can do nothing else, he fishes for a compliment.— té?, cº.

LEGAL-Why is a lawyer the most ill-used man in our social system P Because, though he may drive his own carriage, he must draw the conveyances of other people.—Fun.

SAVE THE PIECEs.–Tom wrote to John, from the country, that he was “constantly employed in breaking colts.” John wrote in reply, all he had to say about it was—“save the pieces.”

A SLIGHT Mistake.—The bellman of one of our chief watering-places caused much amusement lately by the announcement of the sale of a fishing boat, “with her sails, oars, and other impertinences.”

MoTHER-WIT.—At one of the schools in Cornwall, the inspector asked the children if they could quote any text of Scripture which forbade a man having two wives. One of the children sagely quoted in reply the text, “No man can serve two masters.”

Over-AFFECTION.—The attachment of some ladies to their lapdogs amounts, in some instances, to infatuation. We have heard of a lapdog biting a piece out of a male visitor’s leg. Its mistress thus expressed her compassion—“Poor little dear creature! I hope it will not make É. sick.”

CoNDoleNCE.—A country editor, noticing the decease of a wealthy gentle man, observes:—“He has died regretted by a numerous circle of friends, and leaving a widow as disconsolate as any widow need be who has obtained the uncontrolled possession of five thousand per annum. More than twenty young men have sent letters of condolence to her.” –

MATRIMoSIAL RHYMING.—A swain named Reuben Wise having married a damsel named Martha Cheevis, the village poet celebrated the event in the following neat and witty verse:–

“At length she seized the proffered prize— A happy one, believe us; For matrimony made her Wise; Before she was Miss Cheevis.”

RoxANs.-‘‘I never, did like the Romans,” said Mrs. Partington, when seeing the play of “Coriolanus,” “since I mistook some Roman punch for an ice cream, and it got into my head. And I came pretty nigh exploding once in trying to light one of Isaac’s Roman candles, thinking it was wax. I must say that lº are a set of fickle-minded creatures, taking the gentleman in the rod table-cloth for a counsel, and then going to throw him over the terrapin rock. I am very glad though they didn’t do it, because I don’t see how the play could get along without him, and it would have disappointed so Inlan .” – “Stop talking ‘ ” said a harsh voice behind her. Mrs. Partington looked round at the speaker, who scowled at her with the indig nation of two shillings’ worth of impaired enjoyment, and she, simply saying, “You needn’t be so bituminous about it,” was silent.

JOSH BILLINGS ON CATS.

I hav studdyed cats clussly for years, and hav found them adikted tew a wild state. . Tha haint got affecshun, nor vartue of enny kind; tha will skratch their best friends, and wont ketch mice unless tha are hungry. It haz bin sed that tha are fº to make up into sassages, but this iz a grate mistake. I hav, bin told by a sassage maker tha don’t kompare with dogs. There iz one thing sartin, tha are very anxious tew live. Yuma turn one inside out, and hang up by the tale, and az soon az you are out ov sight he will manage to turn a back somerset and cum around awl rite in a fu days. It iz very hard work to looze a cat. … If one gets carried oph in a bag bi mistake a grate ways into the kuntry, it wont sta lost onla a short time, but soon appear tew make the family happy with its presence. Old maids are very fond ov cats, for the reason, I suppose, that cats never marry if they hav ever so good a chance. There iz one thing about cats i don’t like: if you step on their tales by acksident they git mad rite oph, and make a great fuss about it. There iz anuther thing about them which makes them a good investment for poor folks. A pair ow cats will yield each year, without any outlay, something like eight hundred per cent. It iz a very singular fack that cats don’t like a mill-pond; I never knu one tew git drowned by acksident. They luv cream, but it seems tew be agin their relidgin tew tetch soap. Cats and dogs hav never been able tew agree on the main question; they both seem tew want the affirmotiff side tew enst. I think if i could hav my way thare wouldn’t be enny more cats born unless tha could show a certificate ow

good moral karakter. There iz one thing more about cats which seems tºw .

me tew be all affecktashun, and that is making sich a confounded noise under a fellar’s winder o’ nights, and then kall it musik. If i was to hav mi choice between a cat and a striped snake I would lº the snake, bekase I could get rid ov the snake by letting him go. There aint no sartin way to kill a eat. If you git one worked up into sassage, an yu think yu are awl rite, jist as likeli äz no it will cum to and take off a whole lot ov good Sassages with it. These are mi views about cats, rather hastily hove together, and if I aint sed enuff agin them, it iz only bekase i lack the informashun.

 

Porter’s Spirit of the Times, Volume 2 (Google Books)

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THE OPERA IN PHILADELPHIA.—The second season is progressing as favorably as the first. The enthusiasm of the Philadelphians continues at fever heat; and hereafter the inauguration of the Academy of Music will be referred to as the most brilliant lyric campaign on record. The production of Linda di Chamouni proved a decided hit, and its repetition was unanimously demanded: so also with Rossini’s Il Barbiere di Seviglia, in which Miss Ada Phillips has won golden opinions in the rôle of Rosina. The company will continue to perform throughout the ensuing week; and then the New Yorkers will have an opportunity of judging of the merits of La Gazzaniga, whom the Philadelphians have pronononced, as singer and actress, superior to either Lagrange or Grisi. •

LAURA KEENE’s THEATRE.—The exceedingly pretty drama of Dreams of Delusion was revived on Monday evening, Mr. George Jordan sustaining his original part of Sir Bernard Harleigh in a highly artistic manner. The portrait of the monomaniac was most truthfully drawn, never descending for a moment to the realms of exaggeration for the sake of obtaining injudicious applause, but, throughout, a piece of finished acting of which Mr. Jordan may feel justly proud. Miss Ada Clifton was the substitute for Miss Keene in the rôle of Lady Wiola. She seemed somewhat nervous and distrait. And no wonder, for this is a part in which her predecessor has achieved some of her brightest laurels. Miss Clifton do as not possess the same advantages of lengthened experience in leading business that it has been Miss Keene’s good fortune to achieve; hence her performance lacks individuality and finish, but she exhibits a fresh ingenuousness, and charming simplicity of style, which is quite refreshing. Her personal advantages are great, her voice sympathetic, and her action (with one trifling exception, which time and attention will correct) extremely graceful. Miss Clifton has all the materiel for the making of an excellent artiste, and only needs the necessary practice and experience. She looked and dressed the part of the young and loving wife admirably. Mrs. T. B. Johnston left nothing to be desired in Amabel. She was the gay, light-hearted girl of good society, whose sole idea is to be loved and petted —a task easy of accomplishment, we should suppose, to any one capable of appreciating such rare combinations of grace and beauty as this lady exhibits. To dress in perfect taste, is an accomplishment which few actresses possess, In this respect Mrs. Johnston is a perfect model to her sister artistes—her costumes always seem to be made for her, instead of being “wardrobe things,” donned for the occasion. Burnett, as Pungent, the family medico, played with sound good taste and discretion; and Mr. J. A. Smith was an able exponent of the empty-headed roué fop, Lord Brandon. The new operatic burlesque burletta of The Elves has achieved a justlymerited triumph, owing to the beauty of the scenery, the lavish splendor of the costumes, and the admirable character of the original and selected music to which it has been wedded by Mr. Baker. Miss Keene has a part in which she displays talent of a novel and original kind. We recommend everybody who has not seen The Elves to pay them a visit forthwith.

WALLACK’s THEATRE.–Mr. Stewart has gracefully bowed to public opinion, and withdrawn Mrs. Howe’s play of Leonore, substituting Camille and Medea, which have proved far more attractive, and ir finitely more beneficial to the treasury account, despite the snarlings of a small portion of the New York press, whose laudations have for weeks past been showered on Miss Heron in these parts, and who, to maintain their proverbial inconsistency, have felt it necessary to be hypercritical at the last moment. Well, let them, “an it so please them.” The public, after all, are the best judges, and the motives of those who would retract from their previously and enthusiastically expressed opinions, are sufficiently transparent to render then perfectly harmless. As long as the public continue to sustain Miss Heron as they have done, she may smile at the futile attempts of those whose business it is “to prove inconsistency a virtue.” On Tuesday evening Miss Heron appeared in a new part, through her interpretation, to a New York audience, namely, that of Bianca, in Milman’s tragedy of Fazio, a character, the rendition of which first achieved her artistic fame as an actress of strikingly original talent, and impulsive genius. Time and space will not permit us to say more in our present issue, than to state that great as have been her interpretations of Camille and Medea, both are eclipsed by her rendition of Bianca. In our next, we hope to be enabled to give a critical analysis of the performance; for the present, it must suffice that in her portrayal of the various phases of peaceful love, the dawning of jealousy, the certainty of betrayal, the idea of revenge, its subsequent accom. plishment, with the attendant results of despair and death, she was in each and all equally great. Far more quiet than any of her predecessors, her delineation of the part was terrible in its intensity. (Depth of feeling seldom finds ventin didactic ravings.) She played the part as an injured, high-spirited woman would, and sought not to invest it with the mock heroics of the stilted tragedienne. The alternations of surprise and fear, on the first discovery of Fazio 8 wealth, were finely developed. So also her astonishment, when he becomes estranged, and suggests an altered behavior, whilst nothing could be more truthful than the admitted doubt of his constancy, and the burning revenge that ensues. Warmly applauded throughout by an audience crowded to suffocation, she was recalled at the end of the third act, and again, amid tumultuous applause, on the fall of the curtain. Her Bianca, in a word, was a renewal of her first triumph, which took New York by storm. In consequence of Miss Heron being unable to postpone previously-made engagements in St. Louis, her performances will be suspended for the present. On her return, she will appear in several fresh parts, and challenge comparison with those who have preceded her, and been deemed perfection in their interpretations of them. Whether she will be enabled to pass the fiery ordeal, and sustain her supremacy as the greatest of American tragediennes, yet remains to be proved. For ourselves, we believe Miss Heron will be found fully equal to the exigencies of the occasion. In the interim, Mr. Stewart has had to cast about for some other attraction to replace the one which has filled his house for weeks past, and has lighted on John Brougham and Mr. Blake, who will appear next week in conjunction with the talented stock company, in a series of comedies, which, we need scarcely say, with such adjuncts, will be magnificently cast.

BROADway THEATRE.—The renowned performing elephants of Sands & Co. have created quite a furore at this house. “Victoria” and “Albert” (for so are these elephantine wonders named) might well afford examples of acrobatic and pantomimic perfection to many biped performers who “strut and fret their hour upon the stage.” The feats these animals accomplish are truly wonderful, and display a sagacity, intelligence, and educational proficiency, so marvellous that their performances: must be seen to be appreciated. It has been asserted that severe punishment has been resorted to in order to obtain the results exhibited. This is simply absurd; for it is a well-known fact in Natural History that kindness and reward are the only methods of tuition understood by these mammoth animals, who are ever as ready to revenge slight, insult, and cruelty, as they are to acknowledge with lasting affection their opposites; besides, an enraged elephant is rather an awkward customer to deal with, and one whom any sane man would not like to tackle. We know not whether the royal namesakes of the accomplished quadrupeds that have been performing at the

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Broadway are equally interesting and amusing; if so, we can only say they would be an immensely attractive acquisition to any establishment. Crowned heads have before now “played strange antics before high heaven,” but none so strange as those exhibited by the distinguished foreigners now on a visit to us. The present is the last week of the engagement of the elephants- where next they are to appear we know not; but whenever and wherever they are

exhibited, we claim for them the patronage which their talent and sagacity

justly merits.

We understand that the grand historic, spectacular drama of The Last Days of Pompeii will be produced during the ensuing week on a scale of scenic splendor and artistic completeness, which will in this respect fully maintain the celebrity of the establishment, Mr. Harry Loraine, who has just returned from a most successful starring tour in the west, sustaining the rôle of Arbaces.

Burton’s TIEArak—A new farce entitled The Rules of the House, or The Revolt of the Boarders, has been produced here, and thanks more to the exertions of the artistes than its own intrinsic merits, it has achieved a success destime. The plot is laid in a Bleecker street boarding house, managed by an hypocritical old skintint who, having by the aid of good dinners and genial treatment, seduced her lady and gentlemen boarders into signing a series of stringent rules, and undertaking to keep their apartments for a lengthened term, then shows herself in her true colors, and by her tyranny drives them into open rebellion, quelled only by the submission of the landlady whom she is discovered in flagrante delicto with an erratic parson. A vast deal of practical fun, a series of old jokes, and a few new ones, are evolved during the progress of the piece, which, though of quite an ephemeral character, displays considerable constructive ability, although such incidents as the discovery of the parson under the boarding-house keeper’s bed, is not exactly in good taste, and is obnoxious to censure for its coarse vulgarity. Mrs. Hughes, Mrs. Park, Miss Polly Marshall, Mr. C. Fisher, Mark Smith, Mr. Moore, and Mr. Setchell, played their respective characters excellently, and to their exertions is the author mainly indebted for the success of his piece. Tobin’s fine comedy of The Honeymoon was given on Monday evening, with Mr. J. W. Wallack, Jr., in the part of the Duke Aranza. Mr. De Walden’s comedy of Wall Street, in a condensed and altered form, was reproduced on Tuesday. Duties elsewhere precluded our being present, but from what we hear, excition and compression have considerably improved it. Shakspere’s play of The Winter’s Tale is to be produced forthwith, on a scale of great artistic splendor, Mr. Wallack, Jr., sustaining the part of Leontes, and Mrs. Parker that of Hermione. This is the revival underlined.

Bow ERY THEATRE.-Mr. Barry, the author of A Romance in High Life, has adapted the story of Dick Tarleton, which was produced in a dramatic form on Monday evening at this house. The incidents, we presume, are familiar to our readers, and, inasmuch as the situations are decidedly striking, from the fact of there being a surplusage of villains and murderers engaged throughout. The drama was comparatively successful; the audience of the Bowery having a vitiated palate for such highly-spiced commodities.

Another portion of the performance was more to our taste, viz., that of the debut of Miss Julia Daly, in the farce of In and Out of Place, in which, owing to her popular style of singing, and dramatic versatility, she achieved considerable success.

THE AMERICAN THEATRE-The season terminated on Monday evening, when the company united in presenting a testimonial benefit to their indefatigable managers, Messrs. E. L. Davenport and H. Watkins. In spite of the most energetic management, and an unequalled rapidity in the production of novelties, we regret to say, the season has not been a remunerative one; and we cannot but think Mr. Davenport was to blame, in venturing his popularity and artistic fame in the endeavor to raise a property which is now far below the limits of theatrical civilization. The tide of amusement seekers now flows beyond Chambers street. Burton, taught by the experience of his last season, was wise enough to discover that it was high time for him to remove up town; and he lost no time in doing it. The little house, whose walls have so often re-echoed the uproarious mirth of the delighted lieges of the republic, must, perforce, now come down; for any attempt to sustain them for theatrical purposes, will prove futile. Burton’s old theatre will soon be numbered with the things that were. The last experiment has been tried, and failed. The same amount of managerial energy and perseverance, combined with an equal amount of active talent, could not have but resulted in brilliant success elsewhere; but the locality alone killed Messrs. Davenport and Watkins, and they were wise to desist from a longer struggle.

NIBLo’s GARDEN.—The return of the Ravels to their head quarters has continued to be greeted with excellent and enthusiastic audiences. Paul Brilliant’s new ballet of La Bouquetiere (in which the author and Mdlle. Therese Robert display chorographic talent of the highest order) has proved eminently successful, and the revival of the capital fairy pantomime of Blanche has excited almost as great a furore as on its first production, owing to the mirth-provoking style in which the principal characters are sustained by Antoine and Jerome Ravel, M. Marzetti, and Mesdames Windel and Marzetti. The scenic displays, tricks, and transformations, are perfect.

The Maretzek opera troupe will conclude their performances in Philadelphia next week, and commence a short series of lyric representations at the Garden, on the following Monday.

THALBEBG IN Boston, has not proved, this time, so great a card as it was anticipated he would be, not owing to lack of appreciation for his surpassing talent as a pianist, but to the attempted “humbug” of his agent, whose manoeuvres have thoroughly disgusted the denizens of the American Athens. They turned up their noses at chocolate luncheons (a la New York), with pianoforte solos as entre-acts, and treated with justly merited contempt the gross impertinence which demanded the name and address of every one purchasing a ticket; hence, this portion of the snobbish, would-be aristocratic scheme had to be abandoned, and thanks to his agent, Thalberg enthusiasm is down to freezing-point. We understand that M. Thalberge manager, who has boasted that he could twist any given number of Americans round his little finger, is deeply chagrined that he cannot exemplify the fact with the Bostonians, and that in consequence, he has been laboring under the effects of a severe attack of “the blues.”

FOREIGN ITEMS. CHARLEs KEAN has produced Shakspere’s play of King Richard the Second, in magnificent style, at the Princess Theatre, London. MERCADANTE’s new opera—Il Pelacio—has been performed at the San

Carlos, Naples, with success, and Calzado’s son hopes to obtain it, with the prima donna, Fortunata Tedesco, for Les Italiens. The introduction is pronounced a magnificent composition, and the music throughout is in Mercadante’s best style. A terzetto and two melodies for the tenor were most applauded at San Carlos, but the opera is a success generally.

MR. BUCKsToNE is reported to have obtained a renewal of the lease of the Haymarket theatre on such advantageous terms as will enable him to effect a reduction in the prices.

MR. Robson, having recovered from his sprained ankle, has reappeared at the Olympic. Mr. Wigan still continues very ill.

MR. MURDoc.H terminated his engagement at Liverpool on Friday, the 6th inst, when he appeared as Vapid, in Reynold’s comedy of The Dramatist.

WHo Asserts THAT THE QUEEN DoEs Nor PATRoNIzE THE DRAMA *-Her Majesty, Prince Albert, and several of the royal children were present at the representation of the Pantomime at the Princess’ last Tuesday. On Thursday the Queen witnessed for the second time the new comedy of “DoubleFaced People,” at the Haymarket, and on Friday night the royal box at the Adelphi was occupied by Her Majesty, Prince Albert, Prince of Wale Princess Royal, and the Princess Alice, who appeared very much please with Mrs. Barney Williams’ performance of five characters in the personation piece of “In and Out of Place.” She introduced the song of “Qur. Mary Anne,” and, being encored, gave “ £ Around,” as well as “Independence Day.” The royal party previously laughed heartily at Mr. Wright’s funny, dry humor as the Alderman in “A Night at Notting-hill.” The farce of “Barney the Baron” again followed, in which Mr. Williams completely convulsed with laughter the occupants of the royal box, who did not retire until the fall of the curtain.—London Era.

MR. AND MEs. KEELEY have reappeared at Drury Lane in “A Cure for the Heart Ache,” Mrs. K. as Frank Oatlands, Mr. K. as Old Rapid, and Charles Matthews as Young Rapid.

Auber’s Fra Diavolo, for which the author has just written recitatives, will be performed at the Royal Italian Ópera during the approaching season, with the following cast:-Fra Diavolo, Signor Mario; Lord Allcash, Signor Ronconi; Lady Allcash, Mdlle. Marai; and Zerlina, Madame Bosto. Auber has composed a new aria for Mario, and re-written the last finale. Herold’s Zampa will likewise be produced at Mr. Gye’s establishment, with Mario and Lablache in the principal characters; and the Traviata is also to be produced for Madame Bosio, Mario, and Ghaziani. The Huguenots will be another important revival.

An obscure £ in Edinburgh has been trying to gain notoriety by advertising that he would preach against the opera His first assault was upon La Traviata, and in the course of his remarks he said such dreadful things that many ladies had to leave the church. The next object of his attack was to be Don Giovanni.

Ar a recent concert in London, among the vocalists was Madarne Anna Thillon. Sims Reeves was in superb voice. He is making a poor ballad by Balfe, “Come into the Garden, Maud,” quite popular. Reichart the tenor, who has been creating a furore at the Parisian concerts, is about to visit London. Ernest is now at Brighton for his health. Grisi is in Manchester, where Formes has been playing Don Pasquale with great spirit, and in a novel way, to the Norma of Madame Gassier, “who revelled in the sparkling music.” A great Handel festival is to be given in June at the Crystal Palace. The Queen and her husband are to attend, if nothing happens. Mrs. Keeley has been playing Frank Oatlands at Drury Lane very exquisitely. Keeley and Charles Matthews sustained Vorter and Young Rapid. Dillon has revived Don Caesar de Bazan, and performed the hero himself with much power and finish. Henry Russell has engaged the Princess’ Theatre for “Passion week,” to give his Far West, or the Emigrant’s

ogress. The “Howard Family” are doing well at the Strand.

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farther travel through the thousand currents of commerce, we landed in the vortex and were sucked in. In vain Trueman struggled to free his mutilated dog, Bulfinch, from the labyrinth of putty cans and barricades of pigiron, of horses’ legs, and men’s legs, and women’s legs, and his (John Trueman’s) legs, and Bulfinch’s own irregular legs, and my own legs; for the poor cur had the misfortune to be pitched, by the exasperated foot of a policeman, into the middle of the thoroughfare-into the middle of a gulf of mud and garbage. Unhappy Bulfinch limped to his master’s side, with eyes bedeved with tears, and tail withering with mud. You see now who was to be our companion in our vague flight from the

Pedestrianism. Matches at N. O. News of the Week. Nicaragua and China.

Base Ball, Cricket, and Yachting.
Poetry, Editorial, Markets.
Police, Local, General Intelligence.

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WILE anybody believe it? I can scarcely believe it; can he believe it himself? but nevertheless it is true; truer than last Sunday’s sermon, preached in explanation of the Apocalypse of St. John, that Trueman has taken me away from the old house by the reedy river, where I have been living in peace, and hurried me over railways, and over bridges, and through tunnels, and by dyspeptic stations, where boiling coffee, made of rye and decayed coffin-boards, and sweetened with beet-root decoctions, is administered to famished passengers; and all for the avowed object of fleeing from justice. He swears to me that a warrant is eut for his arrest, and that the whole police force of the city and corporation of New York is at his heels, and the Lord knows, his heels are big enough to be seen in a Scotch mist, and allowing to his gallant fight with D. X—, behind the Palisades, when the loadstone in the handkerchief across which he fought, saved his valuable life.

Is Trueman out of his wits, or is he playing some practical joke upon my good nature; or is it an act of kindness done under the guise he puts over it, to take me out of my den and give me an airing for the benefit of my brain and body? I shrewdly suspect the latter, for I assure the public, on my word of honor, that I believe there is no more truth in the story of his loadstone duel, than there is in the sincerity of the treaty of peace and friendship between long-nosed Louis Napoleon, and chubbyfaced Queen Victoria, to whom long life and fewer babies. This wish in bumpers, all around the taxed limits of the British Isles and dependent provinces, wherever her lion banner floats, or her tax-gatherers pull the wool over her subjects’ eyes and off the backs of her grazing flocks, of no less fleeced mutton. There may be some (doubtless there are many) of the readers of our weekly messenger of faith and fellowship, who have by this time begun to feel kindly towards this strange creature, whom I have linked to my fortunes and made the inmate of my home, and they will, ere long, learn to pardon his eccentricities, and look with friendly and companionly anxiety, for the further revelations of his deeds and thoughts. He has in his peculiar abandon of disposition, given me a carte blanche to make whatever use of him I like, and he is frank enough to admit, when his heart is warm and his great wild face breaks into a smile, that he has now no higher ambition than to become an object of interest to the brother spirits, who are readers of PoRTER’s SPIRIT of THE TIMEs.

When last we embarked on board the steamer “Sylvan Shore,” that plies between the bridge of Harlem and the slip of Peck, we passed in front of our quiet roost that nestled by the shining river, and we waved our handkerchiefs to the old place called home; I to each window and warm chimney-top, he to the rooster, Brigham Young; and then, as one of the good editors of the SPIRIT, he who lives near us, our kind neighbor, owner of the wind-cleaving steeds, approached us to ask why we had our luggage aboard, a sigh almost of sorrow disturbed my breast, for I felt I was undertaking a wonderful adventure for me, but Trueman winked at me and trod upon my toes, and hemmed and coughed, for he, not so intimate with JAMEs B. D , was afraid that I would let out the secret of our travel. So on we went, by rocky headland and smiling villalawn, by curling eddy in the wild Hurl Gate, by melancholy palaces of punished crime, the penal islands of the great garden of error, the Metropolis, where she sends her weeds to blow upon the confined air, harmless in their granite hot-beds, until, amid the confusion of drays and draymen, of police officers and dodgers of police officers, amid the boxes landed on the slip for

duel-detectors. Through by-lanes and blind alleys, led me this man-of-war, striding through the falling snow, and carelessly, with his huge shoulders, putting aside obstructing passengers, but gently getting into gutters when old women and young children came up to him, needing more than he the safer sidewalk. Every now and then he turned his head, and with a smile all over it, would say: “Old STIRRUP, my well-beloved, this will be over soon.” And thus, occasionally, to Bulfinch, who would, with a low instinct, invade the sacred pile of filth devoted to the raggatherer: “Miserable friend! Thy nostril has waited at the area grating for odors from a monarch’s kitchen! Fie! fiel my Bulfinch, thou art subsiding from the historic. Follow me, my Cupidon 1″ The carman, who travelled with our carpet-bags in the middle of the carriage way, looked in wonder at the sight of this man, and wondering who he might be, what he was going to do, where he was going to, what his age was, what his name was, what was the name of his dog, plodded along the bewildering way, and through the perplexing snow, a bewildered and a perplexed bearer of burthens, and hewer of mud. I followed, musing and amused, a simple passenger in the rail car of Trueman’s intention, willing to please him, careless of his pleasing me; and only wishing, in my patient heart, that he would take me anywhere, so it would be out of the dingy, damp, and disconsolate, sin-trodden, poverty-cursed paths of the city. Like two pursued offenders, like two escaped convicts, like two Irishmen fleeing from Botany Bay, like two Cains, against whom all the police clubs of the universe were upraised, we dodged in and out of blind alleys, and around corners, until at last we reached the New York and Albany station at the foot of Chambers street. Arrived there, John Trueman ensconced himself behind a venerable lady, who seemed to be muffled for eternity in furs of all the beasts. of the field, and seal-skin cap of all the seals of the ocean, and plumping his head behind her half-hemisphere of crinoline, whispered and made signs to me to purchase two tickets to Albany. That I did, and dog and all were soon on our way to the city of the Legislature and log-rolling. Pass we with the locomotive swiftly by all the minor towns on the route—by Sing Sing, toward which John Trueman turned a cold shoulder and a face of scorn, to make me think that for his duel he was in danger of becoming one of its ornaments. Within sight are we now of the last wave line of the great flood that, in the early thaw, had overrun the lower parts of Albany and the lowlands down the river. In the second frost the ice masses had been arrested and piled onward and upward, until vast fields were covered with hummocks, like those described by Dr. Kane and other adventurers in the Arctic realms. Remembering that Trueman had been there also, I pointed out the similarity. It was enough; leaning his head upon my shoulder, with a cigar unlit in his mouth, he discoursed to me thus:“You are right, O wonderful STIRRUP! right, ever right. These fields are miniature paintings of the big freezings of the berg land. By Jupiter and Captain Cook, this brings to my recollection old times, and old Tom Thomas, and Captain Sir John Franklin. Twenty thousand pounds from the admiralty for the discovery of the lost Sir John I How Tom Thomas, or Thomas Tom, of the Nantucket brig Nutmeg, smacked his grizzled lips at the idea of pocketing the reward! There wasn’t an elk’s horn that stood above the horizon, but that he took it for the masts of one of the missing vessels. What a fuss he made whenever he saw a pair of them in the distance. He would pipe all hands to quarters, go to work untackling his boats to row up to the ice-field, to see Sir John, and tell him that he was found, and probably ask him to advance a few pounds on the reward to pay expenses. Then I would take the spy-glass and sweep the horizon, and knock the elk’s horns into a cocked hat, and the

whole scheme of discovery into the middle of next week, thus putting the admiralty’s twenty thousand pounds into some other cove’s pocket. “A dim, gray day, the wind north by east, longitude 4° 30′ east, two days sail from Clover Cliff, the north-eastern boundary of Spitzbergen, 11th June, Captain Tom Thomas dozing after dinner; ship lying by tight cables, with the monkey cap on the windlass, the frost-bitten sails furled to the rheumatic spars, the meridian at half past 6 in the evening, the moon gone to rest and the sun in the same place, the stars down south in “Old Virginny, with the darkeys at a fiddle-dance, when I descended from the crow-quill roost on the mainmast, and presenting myself to the gallant snorer, waked him from his dream of Nantucket and his wife Nancy, and nutmegs, and informed him that if it would please him, I would thank him to come on deck instantly. On deck instantly he came. He saw a sight. Along survey of objects on the ice through the spy-glass, and then with a red and black silk handkerchief he blew his nose and his eye, and then exclaimed, as he put the optical instrument into my hands, ‘THAT’s HIM!’ ‘That’s him, Irepeated, and looking again over the ice-field that was distant some half mile to our right. lying fifty degrees within the are of the circle, I saw him shake a little on the surface of the ice, and then walk a little toward the west, as if he was in search of a new path across the hummocks. He did not seem to know that the ship was near him, for he did not turn his face directly toward us, but rather acted in an indifferent manner to our presence. “Captain Tom Thomas and I descended into the cabin, and the Captain turned over some old newspapers, and among them was a copy of the London Illustrated News, and in that he found a portrait of a good-looking sea-captain in the British naval uniform. Underneath was printed, “Photograph of Sir John Franklin.” “‘Very like, exclaimed Captain Tom Thomas, “Very likely,” I observed, looking at the portrait. Captain T. T. replaced the papers, with the exception of the one containing the portrait, in the locker, took a hasty glass of Jamaica rum, which took him some time afterward to get over, for the tumbler was brown from top to bottom when he put it to his lips, but clear when he took it away, “now you see it, now you don’t see it, sort of way of doing things; and then he put on his cow-hide boots and his fur arrangements generally, and then he suggested similar additions to my toilet, and then I whistled to this dog Bulfinch (faithful creature then slumbering at our feet and playing rug in the bottom of the car), and going upon deck we crossed over the gangway, and got into the Captain’s gig, and drove ashore to the ice. The dog stood at the bow with his face turned toward me, and his tail perfectly frozen, stiffened out and forming an admirable substitute for a bowsprit. Thus we went rowing over the water, and at length we touched the barrier of ice, and throwing a grappling iron, we jumped ashore. We jumped ashore to go and speak to Sir John Franklin, for that was him standing off there by the side of a pea-green hummock. As Captain Tom Thomas approached the British commander, he unfolded the Illustrated London News, and showed him his portrait. The Captain made a sort of respectful bow, and then stepped a few feet forward as if to meet us. As if to meet us, but he did not, for the next moment he stepped the same distance backward, as if, like most Englishmen, he could not speak first. ‘Formal to the last degree of zero, said I to the Captain. The Captain waved the photographic likeness in the air, but I thought the British knight had changed a little since the portrait was taken at No. 72 Regents street, London. “Up we marched to him, and away he walked from us. “He won’t be saved l’exclaimed the Captain, like a Puritan preacher, talking to a member of his vestry, who had come into meeting a little sprung in the knees. “So it seems, said I; ‘and I think he has forgotten how to speak English. Try him, Cap., in Esquimaux. The Captain spoke through his nose at the other Captain, as that was the way all the natives had spoken to him. It might be Esquimaux, but it sounded more like Usquebaugh whisky. “Off went Sir John Franklin, as fast as his legs could carry him, skimming along over the ice, and around the hummocks, as if the devil was after him, instead of two Christian people, with a well-bred dog; and after him followed we, until my legs ached me, and poor Bulfinch’s tail snapped off like an icicle, leaving about two inches of dog hair, to rudder him through his future course of life. “Sir Johnstopped and looked at us; and, as a slight breeze turned the corner of the block by which he was standing, he

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appeared to dance a Mazourka, or Virginia-breakdown; and
then shook himself all in a lump, and jumped over the block
of ice—a good leap of forty feet. “Try that,’ said I to Captain
Thomas. “Try it yourself, retorted the mariner; and then we
advanced boldly upon Sir John.
“We had thus, my illustrious STIRRUP, advanced into the back
country of the Arctic regions some two miles, when, all at once,
I heard a loud and thunder ringing report, and away went a
great field of ice, on a voyage of discovery, while we, thank
Moses! were safe and sound on the one to which our boat was
anchored. Otherwise, it would have been otherwise. Sir John,
poor fellow, was on the detached ten acres of uncultivatable
property, and was again at his old trick of dancing a German
waltz, or a Virginny “all up till daybreak.’
“You ought to have seen Bulfinch at that particular juncture
of time. His ears stood erect, his hair stood erect, his tail
horizontal, his nose along the line of the horizon also, and his
bark went straight at the British Commander. The British
Commander seemed to notice it, for he put one foot forward,
and, holding up both his arms, while the wind blew his coat-
tails in a straight line, due west, he jumped about four feet in
the air, and then fell flat upon his face. We stood gazing at
his prostrate body. And the dog, with his mathematical atti-
tudes, barked as if he saw the moon, and smelt green cheese and
rats eating it. Slowly, the field of ice on which lay Sir John,
floated away, far away to the west; and, in an hour, I saw the
whole mass rise about five hundred feet in the air, and then
break into a million lumps; with it rose the prostrate Sir John,
waving his arms frantically upward, and then we saw him no
more— no more forever. “Sold again!’ exclaimed Captain
Thomas, looking at the photograph. “And not got the money.’
I added, finishing the classic sentence. ‘Let’s go aboard, boys!”
suggested the gallant, but disappointed man; and we turned
right about, reached the boat, reached the ship, went into the
cabin, took off the cow-hides, took Jamaica warm, and took the
longitude.”
“What did it all mean, TRUEMAN ?” I demanded, when he had
finished his extraordinary narrative.

“Why, this, O magnificent, but inexperienced citizen! Some British sea-captain’s body had been buried in the ice; the body exhaled, compact in form, from its place of entombment, like a mist out of a marsh, preserving the outline and figure of the body beneath. The exhalation froze as soon as it was formed, and it goes all about, bobbing up and down the Arctic regions; and we had fallen in with it. It was not Sir John’s, because I know, to a dead certainty, that he is still alive, and has been elected mayor of the village of Esquimacatautax, where he hopes soon to establish a sufficient police to arrest him and deliver him up to the British government.”

Of course, I was satisfied with the truth of the story, though I doubted that part of it, where Bulfinch had his tail broken off like an icicle.

We are now back of Albany, HIDING from the law.

STIRRUP.

A Good TRAVELLER.—The Wisconsin, of Milwaukee, tells us of a horse that died recently in Illinois, who could, in the ordinary way of travel, pass over 112 miles in fifteen hours, and whose usual time from Oregon to Rockford-25 miles-was twe hours. It is also claimed by his owner, that during the past six years, he has ridden him upwards of 20,000 miles, and that he has never known him to stumble so as to arrest the attention. He was very savage, having been a wild horse captured from the plains, and would bear nothing but the saddle. We think such a horse as this might have had a name.

wRITTEN FoR “PoETEB’s sprEIT of THE TIMEs.”

THIS STRANGE, MYSTERIOUS WORLD.

– BY FINLEY JOHNSON.

This is a strange, mysterious world-
Say, don’t you think so, Bill-
Where every man his foot does raise
To help you down life’s hill?
I love indeed to see men kind-
But then I’m not so flat
As to desire from their souls
Such striking help as that.

This is a strange, mysterious world-
So all the ladies say;
As with bonnets trimmed with roses fair,
They go to church to pray;
And how provoked the dear souls are,
While sitting in their pew,
To be gazed upon by nice young men,
Who’ve nothing else to do.

This is a strange, mysterious world,
Where many sorrows grieve us;
And e’en the women that we love
Are oft the first to leave us.
And then they say, to calm our grief,
“We love you as a brother,”
And lavish soft, sweet words on us,
But kisses on another.
This is a strange, mysterious world,
In which we live and thrive,
Where half the folks are starved to death
To keep the rest alive;
Some are in want, and all have ills,
Yet seem to mind it not;
But they grow grave when thoughts intrude
About a grave-yard lot.
This is a strange, mysterious world,
This rolling world of ours;
It is—well really now, I say it is-
“By the eternal powers.”
We cannot meet a well-tried friend,
And with him take a drink,
But some stiff temperance man will say,
We’re on destruction’s brink.
BALTIMORE, MD.

– ers.

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“Go to Bath, and get your head shaved,” is a time-honored
London saying, when a man is skeptical about the truth of any
assertion made by another, or conceives that his opponent is “a
little mad-ish.” Though why this peculiar locality is esteemed so
favorable to the operation of depriving the “caput” of its super-
fluous hair, unless a predisposition to monomania among the
inhabitants renders the barbers more perfect in their practice
here than elsewhere, I am at a loss to understand. Neverthe-
less, my transatlantic friend, I recommend you to “go to Bath,”
whenever you pay a visit to England, leaving the “shaving”
process to your discretion.
I am not quite old enough to rub up personal reminiscences
of Bath, when in its glory; that is to say, I did not go to school
with Beau Brummel, nor was I contemporary with Beau Nash;
but I still remember Bath a very tidy place, when its “York
House” was a first-rate hotel, and the York-House day-coach, a
first-rate turn out—when just eleven hours were occupied in
performing the journey of one hundred and two miles from the
door of the White Horse cellar, Piccadilly, London, to the
portals of the aforesaid York House; and when the night mails
from London and Bath respectively met at the Pelican, at Speen-
hamland (the half-way house), and the passengers united their
forces, and hob-nobbed at a late supper, and when the guards
blew their horns, implying that it was time to be off, it wa”
even betting that every man got into the wrong coach, and
woke after a comfortable nap in the morning, exactly at the
place he started from the previous night.
All these things were delightful in their way, but they are
past, and gone, and, like Shylock, “I have registered a vow” to
write no more pathetic jeremiads on the road’s decay; for how-
ever much I may rail at the present method of conveyance, it
is the way we must all perforce go, even although “the iron
may have entered into our (coach-loving) souls.” To reach
Bath, we must patronize that most magnificent enterprise, “The
Great Western Railroad,” with its wide gage and double track,
all the way through from London to Exeter (157 miles), built
with a solidity and lavish disregard of cost that is unequalled
in the world, with every inch of the way as carefully policed
and fenced off as a private street; the width of gage, solidity of
the line, and care taken to prevent intrusion on it, enabling the
company to achieve a speed unknown on other roads. I once
travelled from London to Bath in an hour and ten minutes, and
the morning lightning express regularly does the distance in an
hour and a half Brunel, the engineer, once accomplished it
within the hour, observing, that he thought that quite fast
enough for any reasonable man to travel; in which opinion 1
heartily coincide with him; and yet, when going at a pace of
seventy miles an hour on this line, you experience less shaking
and jarring, than when running at thirty on some of the other
roads.
Bath is a great, populous, and popular city, inhabited by
saffron-colored nabobs, gouty generals, fat widows, antiquated
spinsters, card-playing dowagers, bilious half-pay officers,
younger sons of good families, and dashing Irish fortune-hunt-
Its principal productions are—“Bath Bricks,” cheese,
and though last not least, an unfailing supply of disgustingly
nasty hot water, renowned for its medicinal properties, and
extraordinary effects on those unfortunate individuals who only
retain the vestige of a liver, and whose biliary organs are sadly
disorganized. Some people even consider it a palatable beve-
rage; not that I ever tried the experiment; no—the smell and
appearance was quite enongh for me. I have no objection to
hot water, when properly qualified with glenlivet or otard,
but decidedly decline the favor of rotten eggs and rusty nails,
and to nothing else can I compare the famed “Bath waters.”
Who has not read and seen acted those two magnificent
comedies, “The Rivals” and “The School for Scandal?”
Would you see the great originals of the characters Sheridan
drew with such graphic vigor? Go to Bath. Sir Peters, Sir
Anthonys, and Sir Olivers swarm in every direction. There,
too, you may find an abundance of Mrs. Malaprops, Mrs. Can-
dours, Lydia Languishes, Charles Surfaces, dashing Captains,
and even the prototypes of Sir Lucius, David, and Bob Acres.
I know of no city in the three kingdoms that evinces so great a
distinction, in the manners, customs, and habits of the people,
as Bath. Loiter near the Cathedral, and the faces of the passers-
by are familiar to you, and carry you back to the days of Foote
and Sheridan. Adjourn to the Pump-room (so historically
famous) and mark the ancient individuals you see-testy old
nabobs, with gold-headed canes and pig-tails; fiery-faced gen-
erals, drawn in on Bath chairs by sleek flunkeys, with gouty,
flannel-enveloped feet, who salute each other with all the exacting
politesse of the ancient régime, whilst waiting their turns for
the morning draught of nauseating hot stuff, that it’s a libel
to call water; and you rub your eyes, and wonder if you are
awake or dreaming of the past. Wander through the streets of
the old town, and watch the antiquated family coaches, drawn
by fat and lazy horses, driven by veritable “Davids” in livery,
and tenanted by wizened old maids and dyspeptic poodles, which
go rumbling about the ancient squares; and, in spite of yourself,

you are carried back at least a century. The old town slumbers
quietly in the sunshine, like a jaundiced invalid, dreaming of
the days of Nash and Brummel, and the thousands of intrigues
and faux pas, which have made it an everlasting theme for the
playwright of both the past and present age. On the other
hand, turn towards the new, or upper city, which, rising in
terrace above terrace, each excelling the other in splendor,
appears to rear its head to heaven, and, like a purse-proud,
gaudy parvenu, challenges attention and admiration, and how
differentisthe prospect! Here everything is modern-crescents,
streets, and terraces of palaces dazzle you with their magnifi-
cence. You are among a different race of people-the very
atmosphere teems with youth, gaiety, and fashion. Here you
will find “Charles Surface,” “Lydia Languish,” “Captain Abso-
lute,” and “Lady Teazle” at home, having deserted the old
fogies down below. Dashing, town built chariots, landaus,
britskas, and phaetons, drawn by high-bred cattle, cross your
path, and remind you of the purlieus of St. James’ Palace, Lon-
don, when Queen Vic. holds a drawing-room. You wonder, and
well you may, that the past and present centuries—their man-
ners and customs—can be exemplified within such brief limits,
and that two such different states of society can exist at the
same time, within earshot of each other, and harmoniously, too.
But so it is; the eighteenth epoch still holds its ground tena-
ciously, though surrounded by the vigorous troops of the nine-
teenth; and long may it continue to do so, for it is one link of
the few that remain in the chain that unites the present with the
past.
I cannot better describe the location of Bath, than saying
that the old town is built in a basin of hot water, and that the
new one is constructed on the ridge far above. The former is so
ancient, that its locality dates back to one King Bladud, who is
supposed to have discovered the virtues of the aforesaid boiling
hot fluid. The placid River Avon runs through the town, and
almost bathes the crumbling buttresses of the fine old cathedral.
The city is almost entirely built of fine white freestone, and all the
edifices, whether public or private, are constructed on a noble
scale. It is, in fact, a city of palaces. Among the most prominent
portions of the town renowned for architectural beauty, are the
Circus, in which the Corinthian, Doric, and Ionic orders are
combined, and from which three broad and spacious streets, of
similar architectural character, diverge. The north and south
parades (noble terraces built on arches, and commanding mag-
nificent views), Kingston and Queen Squares, the Royal, Lans-
down, and Cavendish crescents, Bellevue and Portland Places,
Paragon, Marlborough, and Belvidere buildings, Kensingten,
Grosvernor, and Walcot Terraces, with many more whose names
I have forgotten, contribute to render Bath matchless in civic
splendor.
The famous hot springs, which have made the city what it is,
are three in number, and have their rise in comparatively close
contiguity. The waters of each are received into four reser-
voirs, the first taking them at a temperature of about 117°
Fahrenheit, whence they flow into the others seriatim, the last
being merely tepid. Each reservoir is a spacious bath furnished
with stone benches, to many of which are attached huge
engraved rings of silver or brass, donated by convalescents, and
recording the miraculous cures effected by the use of the waters.
Here, up to their necks in hot water, people sit, or promenade,
and gossip the hours away, taking a dose of physic and politics
at the same time. The names of the three springs are the Kings,
the Queens, and the Cross; connected with the former is the
celebrated “pump room,” a splendid assembly room built in
1797, with a spacious orchestra and a statue of the renowned
Beau Nash. Besides the public baths, there are several
private ones, with hospitals and sanatoriums, such as the
Bath hospital, built in 1742; Bellot’s, endowed in the reign
of James the Second; Black Alms, dating back to Edward
VI.; St. John’s, to Henry II.; and other antiquated charities.
The assembly rooms are a superb suite of apartments, and
here are held those exclusive re-unions termed the Bath
assemblies, to which none having the taint of “vulgar,”
or tradesman’s blood in their veins, can possibly obtain the
entrée. Talk of the exclusiveness of New York upper-tendom.
Pooh 1 it’s nothing to that of the Bath dowagers and old maids.
The grand master of the ceremonies is more autocratic than the
Czar of all the Russias, and his veto on the claims of many a
blooming belle has driven them to the verge of distraction; for
exclusion is tantamount to ruin in fashionable eyes. All this is
very “snobbish,” and exactly like the restrictions of the high
noblesse of the Faubourg St. Germain, in Paris. “Bean Nash,”
who, however empty-headed in other matters, possessed refined
architectural taste, was elected master of the ceremonies in 1710,
and for fifty years subsequently ruled Bath with despotic sway
as arbiter elegantiarum. In this city, too, many of the bright
particular stars of the theatrical hemisphere first commenced
their professional careers; here the Loders achieved musical
fame, and here Cooper, Macready, and numbers more, first
achieved popularity. The theatre was renowned for possessing
the finest dramatic library, and the most extensive and perfect
wardrobe, in the kingdom. Bath was founded by those inde-
fatigable builders, the Romans, in the reign of Claudius, and
walled in by the Saxons at a later period; the latter using as
materials the ruins of the temples and triumphal arches left by
the former; the foundations and workmanship being good enough
to leave these same walls standing until the eighteenth century,
when the march of modern civilization tumbled them down.
“But how about the races?” say you; “that’s what we want
to come at.” All in good time, my friend; don’t be in a hurry,
nor ungrateful. Do you not see my aim has been to take you to
sporting localities famous for their historical associations, and
without your connivance to pen a superficial “sporting history
of England,” so that if ever you should visit any of the spots I
have scribbled about, you will, with “The SPIRIT Guide” in your

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memory, feel at home, and thoroughly “ posted up,” as you delight to express it, concerning their antecedents. Horses and heroes, races and ruins, stakes and strategies, may form an odd sort of olla but then you know that dish entirely depends on the dressing, and if I can only dress mine to your palate, I am content. I

Bath, as a racing meeting, was distinguished for many years for certain come-and-go peculiarities; it was not always a steady votary of the turf, but was seized with tremendous racing fits from time to time, as horses take the “staggers,” or Dorking fowls the “ pip.” That was in the times before the rail, when it was no joke to send horses an hundred miles to run for a stake. Now it is nothing, for I have known animals vanned down from London in the morning, run for a race, and be returned, per express train, same night. The locality of the Bath racecourse is called Lansdown, and lies on the “ downs,” right above the new city. You want to walk; so do not I, for I am not fond of pedestrian exercise under the broiling heat of aBat’-J May morning, when the walk implies a dead “ pull against the collar” of three or four miles, up hill every foot of the way. I once tried it, but am not to be had at that game any more, if I know it. I’ll walk down with you. with pleasure; but age and obesity preclude the idea of the promenade up. So, with your good leave, we will charter that “ fly” with the pair of old 81′ ‘W 5

Well, here we are on Lansdown. Now, look about you. There’s the grand sts.nd—rather a shy affair after Epsom, Ascot, Goodwood, and Doncaster. But mark the splendor of the view which it afiords. Where can you find amore picturesque spotl How gorgeously beautiful is the panorama which on every side is bounded only by thehorizon. Who can look on “ Beckford’s Tower” —there, close by you—built by the princely commoner and author of “ Vathek,” without thinking of Byron and Fonthill, and the right royal hospitality of the builder, who is now numbered with the dead, but whose life was a pattern to his fellow men,

‘or recalling the days when George the Third was King, and

when Fox, Pitt, Sheridan, and a host of the illustrious dead, were wont to while away their leisure hours in this immediate vicinity? (‘ast your eyes down there, over the bird’s-eye view of the old and new city, lying, as I told you, in ahuge basin at your feet. Follow the windings of the gentle Avon, until they seem to terminate in a forest of niasts. That’s Bristol, eight or ten miles distant, where art has contrived to improve nature, and convert the old river, which was dry at low tide, into amagnificent floating dock, with a quay frontage of a couple of miles, from which dock, by the way, I saw the Great Western steamship start on her first trip to your shores (or rather from King Road, appertaining to it, a little lower down the river). There, too, is that loveliest of lovely suburbs, Clifton, where the rocks seem rent asunder for the passage of the river; where the luxuriant foliage springs from the water’s edge to the summit of the heights; and the lark, the nightingale, and the cuckoo, make the air melodious as they answer each other from the cliffs of Leigh and Clifton. Do you see you suspension bridge,’which spans the flood at a similar perilous height with that of Niagara! I remember when a single bar of iron formed the connecting link from shore to shore, as the first strand of the iron ropes now stretched, and when, in a huge basket suspended therefrom, I was foolhardy enough to be dragged across, stuck in the middle, and swinging about, like Mohammed’s cofin, high in air, was pretty nearly frightened out of the few wits I ever’p0seessed. Imagine anything more poetically beautiful than this place at high water, if you can; but at low tide, oh I ‘mud and murder.

But we’ll have a talk about Bristol, its antiquities, its churches, its bridges, and its beautiful women, some other time; so withdraw your eyes from that direction, and let them fall on the mossy greensward of Lansdown once again. The race-course forms an oval of a mile and a half, with a straight run in (or nearly so) of half a mile. It is, throughout, excellent running gronnd—like that of Brighton, Goodwood, &c.. the elevation and substrata precluding its becoming deep or sticky. The principal stakes are as follows : The Biennial Stakes, a sweepstakes of 60 dollars each, with 250 added, colts carrying 122 pounds, fillies and geldings 119 pounds, untried horse or mares allowed 3 pounds (but only one allowance).

The competitors are entered when yearlings, run first as two year olds, and again as three year olds, and the stake has generally an average of forty subscribers. The distance is about three quarters of a mile, and a single dash.

The Scmersetshire Stakes is the great handicap of the meeting This is a sweepstakes of 125 dollars each, 7 5 forfeit, with 1500. added from the fund; the terms, method of weighing, accepting, or declaring, &c., being the same as those I have previously described in connection with the Chester Cup, Goodwood Stakes, and other famous English handicaps; the winner of any one of certain specified races previously, is penalized to the extent of seven pounds, and of any two, fourteen. The length of this course is two miles and a distance. This stake always has a large entry, brings a strong field of horses to the post, and is a heavy betting race.

The Dyrham Park Stakes, a three year old sweepstakes of seventy-five dollars each; colts carrying 122 pounds, fillies and geldings 117 pounds; distance a mile and a half.

The Weston Stakes, for two year olds; colts 121 pounds, fillies and geldings 116 pounds, the produce of untried horses or mares allowed 8 pounds, if both, 6 pounds; the distance being the last straight half mile.

The Lansdown Trial Stakes are all aged sweepstakes, with a single dash of one mile.

The City Cup, value 500 dollars, added to a sweepstakes of 100 each; 8 year olds carrying 98 pounds, fours 131, fives 139, six and aged 144; distance two miles and a half.

The foregoing are the staple attractions of the Bath Meeting, as standingsporting dishes, but to them must be added a string of minor plates, handicaps, sweepstakes, selling stakes, die. The latter, I think, more especially, answer an excellent purpose, as they afford opportunities of winning to moderate horses, and preclude the, possibility of a first-rate animal being sent to sweep the country, as the best animal of his weight and year. The process is very simple: a stake is made of a certain amount by subscription sweepstakes; the race is weight for age, weights and distance duly prescribed; to this is added the condition that the winner is to be sold for a specified sum —say two thousand dollars—a reduction of price insuring a corresponding reduction of weight. The race over, the owner of the second horse can take the winner at the price sfiixed tohim; if he declines, then the third has the same opportunity, and so on with every horse placed by the judge; should they all decline, then the animal is put up to auction, any advance on the sale price going to the race fund. Thus a man has a good opportunity of disposing of a horse he does not care about keeping, besides winning a stake ; but if he has entered one of really more intrinsic value than that which he has afiixed to him, the chances are that he will have to “bid up,” or lose his horse. I have known instances where a man has doubled the sale price of his horse rather than part with him, and others where first-rate animals have been bought dirt cheap, their owners being desirous of selling out their stock. In either case the object is gained, viz, that of preventing a renowned turf champion carrying off the prize, and depriving animals of less pretensions from earning their keep and training expenses.

I have seen many a fine race for the Somersetshirc stakes. The best, perhaps, I can remember, was in 1846. There were only ten starters for the handicap; among them, a remarkably smart and pretty aged mare, named Queen of the Tyne; a well bred five year old horse, called Lord Saltoun; and eight others, known to fame. The latter were cleaned out by his lordship, at the distance. Here, the dashing little Queen, running game as a pebble, came with a rush; got to Lord Saltoun‘s head; and, after as brilliant a struggle as was ever seen, made a dead heat with him. In the deciding heat, the twain alternately led for the first two miles. Here, the struggle became earnest, and the race fast and furious. Stride for stride they came past the judge’s chair. The last one of all, thanks to the splendid riding of Nat Flatman, deciding the race in favor of the Queen by a short neck. The time was: 4 minutes 19 seconds. Now, that’s the kind of thing I call a race. A victory of half a dozen lengths, I would not give a snap of the fingers for. The Queen of the Tyne carried 107 pounds, and Lord Saltonn 99 poundsI do not wish to imply that the time was particularly good; but the race was. The former has been beaten (for the same stake) by from twenty to forty seconds; but the latter never has, on the same track, to my knowledge, although there was a dead heat two years previously, between Red Deer and N ewcourt; the former a three year old turned loose, with 67 pounds on his back; and the latter a four year old, carrying 112 pounds. But as akeenly contested race, and nearly double dead heat, the Queen of the Tyne and Lord Saltoun affair stands pre-eminent in the annals of the Somersetshire.

And now, my friend, if you want to carry away with you a lasting reminiscence of Bath, just swallow a pint of that abominable hot water, before you start on the return to London ; and if ybu ever forget the realms of King Bladud and Beau Nash, I’ll forgive you.

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PELHAI (N. Y.,) lfarch 25th. En. Poa’rsa’s|’Sriurr or run Tnszs.-—Dear Sa’r:—I sn w, on looking over your paper of last week, an account of a large egg. In my rounds of to-day,I came across an egg from a game hen, which, on that account, I thought worthy of notice. The egg measured in its longitudinal circumference 8} inches, and in its transverse circumference 6 inches. I intend to set it, and if it produces a cock-chicken, I mean to present him to you for a SHAKE-BAG, as I hear you occasionally indulge in that

sport. Yours, &c., &c., S. F. Monais.

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BRIEDING F1su.—The Hartford Times gives us an account of the successful artificial breeding of trout, by Mr. E. G. KELLOGG, of that city, during the past winter. It appears that Mr. K. conducted his experiment in his cellar. He procured a box with partitions, and put some sand, gravel, and stones in the bottom. He then procured two trout, a male and female, and went through the process which has proved so successful in France, of pressing the spawn from the female, and placing it in his box. He then filled the box with Connecticut River water, and kept a small stream constantly running through it. This was about seven weeks ago. He has now seventeen fine, lively young trout, from half an inch to an inch in length, and more in the process of hatching. By_ holding the eggs to the light, little fish can be seen in them distinctly. The old ones are kept in a tub, and are not allowed to range among the small fry. The little ones of a week old have all the characteristics of the old fish, and they will dart under a stone with great rapidity when the water is stirred up a little.

The Yimes, in closing this account, adds, that ” the water works of our large cities are constantly developing new sources of comfort, not the least of which is, that which furnishes In good supply of trout. fresh for the table, in the cellars of our citizens at all seasons of the year.”

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Turns has been much written by speculators and tourists to draw attention to this rocky back-bone of our State, and induce settlements there, but it is still a trackless wild, and as such, among the natural curiosities of our State. The simple fact of such a wilderness lying unbroken within the very sound of the busy hum of cities, shows it is not a valuable country either for its lumber or for agricultural purposes. It is made up mostly of mountains, and the general elevation is such, together with the thinness of the soil, that the forest trees are of small and stunted growth, and therefore of inferior quality, and the land generally, is of still less value than the timber upon it. The soil is mostly a vegetable mould, that covers the rock but afew inches in depth, and frequently burns up with the brush in clearing the land. Many of its valleys are fertile and valuable, but the land generally is unfit for agricultural purposes except grazing, and until the rich prairies of the West are occupied, we fear that Northern New York will remain for years the wilderness it now is. It is glorious for fishing, and most beautiful

to look upon, but it will remain long to fishermen and hunters, and so may it be.

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The scenery in this country of lakes and mountains cannot be surpassed for its wild beauty, and exquisite finish of coloring. The cool and humid atmosphere, common in such elevations, and the misty clouds that brush over the mountains with their moist wings, give the foliage a richness such as we have seen nowhere else. The hue of lowland foliage, viewed at a little distance, is pale and undefined, while here distance only softens its magic richness and adds additional beauty.

When on a visit to this region in June, it rained all day, and we paid little attention to the scenery and lakes in passing. Having stopped over night at “ Beaches Lake,” we went down to its shore the next morning, and as the mists rolled slowly up the sides of the mountains from the lake, and floated gracefully away, revealing the luxuriant coloring of the forests, lit up with the smiles of a morning sun, we thought this the most beautiful lake with its rich surroundings we ever beheld. It lay there in its mountain home calm and beautiful as a dream in the wilderness, and “its light waves went dancing on the sandy beach as merrily in the solitude, as if a thousand were there to witness their grace.”

The Raquette Lake, one of the largest in this region, is made up of innumerable small lakes, which seem to have been once separated by narrow slips of land, but with a female love of gossip got together occasionally in freshets, and liking each other’s society finally became inseparable. We would state, however, with all due deference, ‘as a matter of history, that they sometimes get stormy and throw water in each other’s faces in a polite way, but they easily calm down and mingle their smiles together again. This lake is much celebrated for its fine scenery and excellent fishing, and is more frequented than any other.

Deer being very plenty here, they are often seen feeding on V

the shores of the lake, or swimming across. We were startled one morning at our shanty, with the cry of “A deer on the lake,” seen by one of our party. Every gun was immediately seized, and every boat that could float a man was started in pursuit. The deer being some way out, there was a great strife as to who would get the first shot. Every muscle was strained to its utmost; the spray danced lightly before the boats, and seemed to participate in the sport. As the game was approached, we saw it was not a deer, but a panther, or some animal with a long tail we could see trailing behind. This made us think of adding a ball to our buck-shot; but no time for that, so on we sped, the animal having now almost reached the shore. The foremost boat getting in gunshot, the excited crew shouted, “ Come on, my hearties, we have it; an old duck followed by an interesting family of twelve small dear; I” “ Sold, by thunder i” cried one, and echo answered, sold]

This would never do for hunters to bring a gun two hundred miles to chase young ducks, so the next morning, “ Wood,” a native here, was to be on hand with his dogs and run a deer into the lake for us. All hands were therefore up bright and early, and with great care we were placed a mile apart, around the eternal crookedness of the Raquette’s shores, The dogs were then put—not the lake, where they should have been-—but the woods. ‘We, individually, were seated on the left side of a rock, and sat very quiet for an hour. But the second hour made sitting uncomfortable; notwithstanding we played all the variations of posture possible, the rock continued hard. We then tied a handkerchief over our face to keep off the fiies, lay down and went to sleep, as any sensible man would have done. But we were soon roused by a splashing in the water near by, and springing up, would have shot that laughing boat crew had they not mended their manners directly. No deer had been started, and we left for home. On our way we stopped at our host’s, and soon noticed that his two Amazonian daughters eyed us with a mischievous look. They inquired “ where was our game?” but as none of us knew, we could not inform them. They then opened a back door and showed us their game, a fine deer just killed, and hanging on s sapling. Wood knew pretty well where the deer would come in, and was very careful to place us -—not there. His daughters, in the mean time, kepta good lookout on the lake with a glass, and discovered the deer swimming across They immediately pushed ofi’ in a boat, armed with nothing but clubs. They soon headed the panting animal ; one paddled up beside him, while the other knocked him on the head and cut his throat. It makes me shudder even now, and feel thankful that I was not taken for a dear in my wanderings

up there among those strong-minded woodlings. Km;

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FUR, FIN, AND FEATHER. A CHAPTER ON QUAIL.

A LETTER published in your number of the 28th ult, gives an account of a species of partridge found in the country bordering upon the Rio Colorado, in Texas, which is supposed to be undescribed. In the description which accompanies the communisation, it is so well characterized, that there is no mistaking the species; it is well known to naturalists, and is the Massena ..’artridge (Cyrtonix Massena, Lesson). It was first described ‘y Lesson at Paris, in 1830, from specimens obtained from £exico; Vigors described it about the same time at London, inder the specific name of “Montezuma.” It has also other ynonyms. It is only within the last few years, that this and many other pecies of birds, of equal interest, have been ascertained to be habitants of our territory. For this knowledge we are mostly hdebted to the officers of our army, connected with the boundry and other surveys, made on our southwestern frontier. As it may interest some of your readers, I will give a short ecount of some of the species of partridges frequenting the erritory adjacent to the Rio Grande and its tributaries.

1. Cyrtonix Massena. In the proceedings of the Philadelphia \cad. of Sci., vol. v., p. 221 (1851), Col. Geo. A. McCall gives he following account of this partridge: “This species was not met with before crossing the San .’edro; but it was not long until it made its appearance in the waste and rocky region into which we then entered. And from hat time until we reached the Rio Pecos, a distance of 140 miles (westwardly by the route travelled), it was frequently een, though I should not say it was very common. This region is a desert of great length from north to south, our trail crossing it nearly at right angles. The general face of the country is evel, and consists of either a crumbling argillaceous limestone, r a coarse gray sand, producing nothing but a sparse growth of and plants. Water is found only at long intervals; and except At these points, there is but little cover for game, and appaently less food,—the principal growth being cacti—of which he most common is C. arborescens; yet here, amongst proecting rocks, or on the borders of dry gullies, or in loose scrub, found C. Massena in all the beauty of his rich and varied plumage. “The habits of this species are different from those of any other species of partridge that I have met with. They were in oveys of from 8 to 12, and appeared to be extremely simple and affectionate in disposition. In feeding, they separated but little, keeping up a social cluck all the time. They were so gentle as to evince little or no alarm on the approach of man; scarcely moving out of his way as he passed; and only running off or flying a few yards, when perhaps half their numbers were laid low by a shot. This inclined me to think they might, with little difficulty, be domesticated, although I found them, here, in a boundless barren waste, and nowhere near the habitation of man. This trait of gentleness is the very opposite of those strikingly manifested by the scaly partridge, which I always observed to be, though found perchance in grounds as little frequented as these, remarkably vigilant, shy, and difficult to approach. The call or signal note of this species is peculiar. I never saw them after crossing the Pecos river.” T. Charlton Henry, M.D., U.S. Army, who has also published, in the Proc. of the Phil. Acad. of Sci., interesting “Notes on the Birds of New Mexico,” says of this species: “Not rare in the mountains; occasionally seen along the Rio Grande. Lie well to the dog, and afford much sport in shooting them. Their favorite resorts are along mountain sides, where they procure various kinds of insects, by grubbing them out with their bills, at the roots of the grass. Never detected a vegetable matter in the stomachs of any. This species often hides behind stones and in hollows after being flushed.”

2. Callipepla Gambellii, (Nutall). Gambel’s Partridge.

Col. McCall writes: “After losing sight of the last species, I did not fall in with this until we reached the Limpia River, about one hundred miles west of the Pecos. This beautiful bird, whose habits, in some respects, bear more resemblance to the common partridge, like that seems to prefer a more genial and hospitable region. In this part of the country the Mesquite tree (A. glandulosa) is more or less common; and the Mesquite grass, and other plants bearing nutritious seeds, are abundant. Here this partridge increases rapidly in numbers, and becomes very fat; and, as I afterwards ascertained, is much disposed to seek the farms, if any be within reach, and to cultivate the acquaintance of man. About the rancho of Mr. White, near El Paso, I found them very numerous; and here, in gangs of fifty or a hundred, they resort, morning and evening, to the barnyard, and feed around the grain stacks, in company with the poultry, where they receive their portion as it is scattered among them by the hand of the owner.

“I found them distributed through the country from the Limpia to the Rio Grande—a range from east to west exceeding one hundred miles—and along the Rio Grande from Eagle Spring Pass to Don Ana, a distance of one hundred and twenty miles. North of this I did not see them. I was not among them during the season of incubation.”

Dr. Henry remarks: “The common quail of this country; found both in high and low land. They are said not to lie well to a dog, but I have proved that this is the case only in light weather; for often, in cloudy days, I have seen them lie well to a well-broken pointer. Their food, unlike the Massena partridge, is exclusively, almost, vegetable. The berries of the mistletoe, in winter, seem to furnish their principal food.

This species is closely allied to the California partridge (C. Californica), which it resembles; but the prevailing colors are of lighter shades,

3. Callipepla Squamata (Vigors). The Scaly Partridge. Col. McCall’s note is as follows: “This species I have met with, at different times, throughout a more extended region than either of the last two, viz.: from Camargo, on the lower Rio Grande, to Santa Fe. On the present occasion, they were more numerous between the latter point and Don Ana than elsewhere. They seem to prefer the vicinity of the greater water-courses to the interior tracts. They are much more wild than either of the preceding, and being extremely watchful and swift of foot, they elude pursuit with surprising skill, scarcely resorting to flight even in open, sandy ground. They do not approach the settlements as much as the last. For the table, all these species, however, possess in a high degree the requisites of plump muscle and delicate flavor. Massena is, perhaps, the best.” Dr. Henry says in his note: “Found only in high ground, elevated plains, or mountain sides. They appear to be by far the shyest of their species. Their flesh I prefer to that of either of the others.” These beautiful birds are accurately figured in “Gould’s Monograph of the Odontophorinae” (American partridges), also in Mr. J. Cassin’s “Illustrations of the Birds of California, Texas, &c.,” published at Philadelphia; where a more extended history of them may also be found. 4. Ortyx Teranus (Lawrence). The Texas partridge. The discovery of this species is quite recent, the first description having been published in 1853. Captain J. P. McCown, who obtained the original specimen in Texas, sent the following note: “I observed one day a covey of partridges enter a chaperal from a small prairie (above Ringgold Barracks). They seemed so lame that I mistook them for the Massena. I found it difficult to flush them; but finally shot one of them upon the ground, and, as I did not recognize it, preserved the skin. I was under the impression that I saw similar birds further up the Rio Grande, when on my last trip through that country, but was unable to attend to them until it was too late.” See “Annals of the Lyceum of Nat. Hist. N. Y.” In general appearance it is much like our common species (O. Virginianus), and by a casual observer would readily be mistaken for it; but it is smaller, without the dark, chestnut markings on the back; the dark transverse bars on the breast are much broader, and more distinct. 5. Ortalida Poliocephala (Wagler). The Texas Guan; also called the Mexican pheasant. This is known on the Rio Grande by the name of chiac-chia-lacca; it belongs to the family of gallinaceous birds. It is figured in “Cassin’s Illustrations,” where a full and very interesting history of its habits is given, from notes furnished by Colonel McCall, from which the following extracts are made: “This very gallant-looking and spirited bird, I saw for the first time within our territory, in the extensive forest of Chaparral, which envelopes the Resaca de la Palma, a stream rendered famous in the history of our country, by the victory achieved by the American forces under General Taylor. Here, and for miles along the Rio Grande, the poliocephala was abundant, and throughout this region the remarkable and sonorous cry of the male bird could not fail to attract and fix the attention of the most obtuse and listless wanderer who might chance to approach its abode. “By the Mexicans it is called chiac-chia-lacca, an Indian name, and, doubtlessly, derived from the peculiar cry of the bird, which strikingly resembles a repetition of those syllables. And when I inform you that its voice in compass is equal to that of the Guinea-fowl, and in harshness but little inferior, you may form some idea of the chorus with which the forest is made to ring at the hour of sunrise. At that hour, in the month of April, I have observed a proud and stately fellow descend from the tree on which he had roosted, and, mounting upon an old log or stump, commence his clear, shrill cry. This was soon responded to, in a lower tone, by the female, the latter always taking up the strain as soon as the importunate call of her mate had ceased,” &c, &c. Capt. McCown says of this species: “In the Rio Grande region, this bird is abundant. I saw them as far in the interior of Mexico as the battle-field of Cerro-Gordo, but never higher up the river than the vicinity of Ringgold Barracks. They are exceedingly noisy, both in the morning and evening. I always found them upon trees when uttering their shrill cry, though I have often seen them on the ground. They build upon bushes, near the ground (seldom over six feet), selecting places that require little skill to effect their purpose. They are easily domesticated; and run at large with the domestic fowls, crossing with them. The cross is believed, by the Mexicans, to be the best for game chickens.” G.

FIGHT BETwKEN AN EAGLE AND A LADY.—On Sunday, the 8th March, while Mrs. MARY TAYLoR, of Hampshire, Va., was looking with complacent admiration on her fine flock of geese, an eagle suddenly swooped down into the yard, and made an effort to seize the gander, as he was proudly marshalling his flock. The gander made what fight he could, but he was on the point of being vanquished, when the anxious lady seized a heavy stick or club, and came forward to the rescue. Seeing her approach, the eagle turned for battle, but her first blow disabled him so that he fell to the ground, and a few more strokes dispatched him. He measured more than six feet from wing to wing.

CLEAR THE TRACK.—A steam wagon has been constructed in Cincinnati, which runs successfully on common roads. A stock company has been formed to put it in operation, and we may soon hear of some of its exploits upon the plains. It strikes us that

it might be made to act as pioneer to the railway to the Pacific.

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LET me tell you about my Cousin Bob, (said a friend of mine, a few days since.) Let me tell you what a trick was played off upon him. It was a serious affair, and came very near making an old bachelor of him for life. It did not, however, for he has since gotten over it, and is now married, and doing well. To come to what I propose telling, I must say that Bob took a great notion to Martha Potfield, who lived with her dad and mam just over the swamp. In fact, as some people say, he was head-over-heels in love with her; and, as is the case with all lovers, was in a peck of trouble lest some other feller should slip in and “cut him out.” To prevent this he thought he’d better be stirring his stumps, so he resolved to go over on the very next Saturday evening, and to not come away until he had popped the question and asked the old folks. Saturday evening came, and my Cousin Bob went. On his way he had to pass through the little village of Bellesville; so thinks he to himself, “This poppin’ the question and axin the old folks ain’t the thing it’s cracked up to be; so, likely, I’d better buy somethin good to take to ’em, to put ’em all in a fine humor.” He thought of everything he had ever heard of, but could settle upon nothing. Gingerbread for the whole company would be too expensive, candy ditto. At last a happy thought, like an electric spark, popped into his cranium. Cloves; that was the very things! Five cents would get more than Martha could eat; yes, more than all the family could eat put together, in case she saw fit to pass them around. Cloves were the very thing, and cloves he resolved to get. Just as he was about entering the store to make his purchase, another trouble rose up—he had forgotten the name by which this desirable article was known. However, he was not a man to be turned aside by trifles, so he resolved to get them, or at least make a trial for it, any way. With the air of a man of business, he enters the little store, and calls out: “Mr. Storekeeper, I want five cents’ worth of these little things they eat—nice, to make a feller’s breath smell good-nice, to give the gals—oh, confound it, I can’t think of the name! They’re little, long things—got heads on ’em like saddler’s tacks.” “Cloves, perhaps,” suggested the merchant. “That’s it, ole hoss!” said Bob. “Cloves—that’s the thing. Give me five cents’ worth of cloves.” “Which way are you steering to-night, Bob,” asked the merchant, as he went fumbling about for the article demanded. “Down acrost the swamp,” replied my cousin; “and when you see me again you may say, there goes Bob; somethin’s been a happenin’ to him, shore and certain.” The merchant laughed, for he knew how Bob was “taken” with Miss Martha. When the cloves had been tied up, Bob fobbed them, and, with a light heart, soon made his way across the swamp. He found Martha and her dad and mam “just about as usual.” They all talked of the weather, the wind, the crops, &c., until the subject was exhausted of its interest, and then they sat in silence for some time, looking into the fire. “Now,” thought Bob, “is the best time to pitch in my cloves,” so he hitched up to Martha and said: “I’ve got somethin in my coat pocket.” “Ah!” said she, “what is it?” “Somethin good to eat—somethin’ for you, Martha !” “Have you, indeed? well, let’s have it, then.” “Oh, no, you take it out yourself. If it ain’t worth comin’ after, it ain’t worth havin’, as daddy says.” Martha was not a bashful girl, so she ran her hand into his pocket, and brought out the little parcel. “Now open it for me, Bob,” said she, handing it to him. With much assurance he took it, and after telling her to fix her mouth, and passing several eulogies on the goodness of its contents, he tore off the end of the paper and poured into her lap, not cloves, but a large handful of great, ugly, real genuine saddler’s tacks. Martha screamed and flopped them all over the floor; the old man and old woman gave vent to their feelings in an awful fit of laughter; and poor Bob, with face as red as a piece of flannel, dashed out at the door, and went “stumping it” up the lane, cursing the storekeeper at every breath. How he and the merchant settled matters at their next meeting, I may tell at another time.

A BIG TROUT, SURE ENOUGH.

New York, April 7, 1857. DEAR SPIRIT:—I saw an account in your paper, some six or seven weeks ago, of a large trout. Now I will tell you of one that I saw caught. Last October, a party of five of us went on an excursion up the Androscoggin. One of the party caught a trout that measured (we had no means of weighing him, but I think he must have weighed over seven pounds) 25% inches in length, and 15 inches in girth. He was caught under a dam, near the outlet of “Lake Molechunkemunk,” in Maine, with a small fly rod. He had every mark of a real brook trout, and was the finest fish that I ever saw. We had very good luck, and a great many fine, large trout. ONE of THE CoNFoRMERs.’ What will our friends at Olean say to this?

A DEER SLAYER.—The Sacramento Age says, that S. W. Mott, of the Nomee Lackee Reservation, in the northern part of Cali. fornia, killed 50 deer during the month of January last.

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Hunt’s Yachting Magazine, Volume 9 (Google Books)

CHAPTER III.

When we had all resigned ourselves to fresh claret and cigars, Dr. Sam Fenton drew a long breath, gave a grunt sonorous enough for a grizzly boar of Deccan, a whistle like the sweep of a Nor-Wester through the rigging of a Berwick smack, shrugged up his shoulder until it touched his ear, made a face that would have thrown a mask maker into convulsions, and having thus as he said prepared himself for sea, he commenced:—

When I was a much younger individual amongst the population of this kingdom, and perhaps a very useless one; I was possessed of many old fashioned Irish ways, one of many of which was an unquenchable thirst for pleasure, novelty, excitement—a characteristic by the way which my fellow countrymen are pretty successful in sustaining to the present day. Between London and Paris, Baden-Baden and Bath, Switzerland and the Highlands of Scotland, with an occasional relapse into Killarney, * Continued from page 68.

Cumberland, the Isle of Man, and the Cumbrae Islands, I managed to keep the craving devil at bay for some time, but at last the evil day I had long foreseen arrived, came upon me like a clap of thunder in a diving bell—’Milia Murther,’ says I to myself, ‘what’s to be done!’ work you divil! whispered conscience.—I did work, I drew teeth from old dowagers gratis for the fun of torturing them because they were rich, and that could not help them: I plagued gouty old gourmands with a diet of bread pills, stained water, and sour crumpets until the thoughts of a good dinner preyed upon them to the verge of insanity. I converted a nabob’s liver into such a neutral condition, that he fled back to India to get a sensation in it; I took a bold step to secure myself the everlasting gratitude of all the old maids in the universe by organizing a scheme for the foundation of the ‘Royal Medical Benevolent Annuity and Advice Association and Asylum for decayed and homeless Parrots, and Superannuated Poodles,’ aud the numerous rebuffs and sneers I met with during my exertions to establish it afforded me capital excitement) and a vast insight into human nature. At first they looked upon my scheme as that of a madman, I headed the list with a good round sum, got a few aristocratic old tabbies to lend their names aud secure their cats a provision, or provisions; the thing was a trinmph, the bait took, they absolutely began to consider me an enlightened man, and the movement threatened to become an epoch; the subscriptions flowed in steadily, but I was not to be baulked of my revenge for the contumely shown to me at the outset; I waited until the accumulation of a considerable sum brought together a crowded assemblage of the benevolent; then in a speech unexampled for clearness, force, and subtlety of reasoning I pointed out the errors of their ways, recommended them to put an existence to the period of the lives of their pets, namely by giving them uncontrolled freedom; exhorted them to remove the thraldom of social reformatories from the feline species, and concluded my erudite peroration by proposing and carrying by acclamation, that the stream of errant benevolence should be diverted into its proper channel, and that the sum intended to provide ginger-bread for asthmatic King Charles’s, plethoric parrots, and mangy cats, should be transferred to the relief of the lame, the blind, the halt, and the maimed, commonly recognised as the most destitute of the human race.

My trinmph proved a grand excitement, but again the demon of lassitude beset me, and I wandered about seeking what novelty I might devour. On one fine May morning I found myself an industrious pedestrian on the promenade ut Cowes; trim yachts lay at their moorings close at hand, smart boats with dashing crews flitted to and fro, important looking personages with gold bound caps and jackets radiant fields of buttercups; huge telescopes slung at their backs, and an air of importance that led me to think that much of England’s maritime welfare was owing to their laborious exertions, marched about in solemn grandeur; I gazed in wonder, admired, and gazed again. Some busy little devil that chanced to be floating by in his zephyr bark muttered it* my ear,—buy a yacht, I jumped at the suggestion, what a goose I had been never to have thought of it before; just the thing, my own hotel— my own household—no espionage—monarch of my quarter deck— the glorious sea—go where I pleased—all the same expense—foreign princess—newly discovered island,—terrestrial paradise—founder of a colony, praiseworthy ambition—dull rogues those that dream away their lives on shore—liberty—good fellowship—honesty—to be found on the sea alone—Hurrah—Eureka!” I exclaimed, dashing my elegant thirty shilling umbrella into the sea; away with such effeminate luxuries, I will bare my brow to the elements; and expose my form to the raging of the tempest, tooth-ache be hanged! rheumatism avaunt! ague to the winds! I will be a man, and to become that respectable individual I resolved to be—a yachtsman.

The ensuing evening saw me attired in the severest simplicity of an amateur sailor; the gold band on my cap was gorgeous but correct; the buttons on my jacket were sufficiently large to be distinctive, if the size of a half-crown could be considered up to the mark, and their number I learned betokened rank more than ostentatious display; my telescope was encased in the yellowest of leather, and slung by a strap compared to which all others dwindled into insignificance, and as I rolled along with the nearest approach I could manage to a true quarter-deck walk, which I had practised on a plank in the garden of my hotel, I felt that admiring eyes were bent upon me, and on more than one occasion my natural acuteness detected the furtive smile which distorts the features of the envious; at the moment I forgave them; just then a dreadful suspicion crossed my mind, I withdrew my forgiveness, what if they had been laughing at me, bosh, in a few days I should be the owner of the finest yacht in Cowes, and then who would have the laugh—1 to be sure, whilst they poor ignorant fools would be none the gainers by their bad manners.

At this tr.oment an officer in full naval costume approached me, with a well bred stare he surveyed me from head to foot, I know not what prompted me to do so, but I wished him a good evening, to which he replied with easy courtesy. We entered into conversation, mine teemed to please him and he listened to me with marked attention;

peared to catch up the impression, and shortly afterwards turned the conversation upon matters nautical, he asked me my opinion of the “Jackass Frigate.” Had a thunderbolt fallen at my feet I could not have been more astounded, what the plague did I know about “Jackass Frigates” Of the noun adjective I certainly did; could he mean to insult me, I felt I was on tender ground, so shaking my head I determined to object to the adjective in toto, so told him ‘I had always been opposed to them!’ So I had been, I hated donkeys, aud they hated me when I was a boy, and lay down with and rolled over me, much to the detriment of my Sunday jacket; there was no prevarication in that, ‘I had been and always would be opposed to Jackasses 1’ I said, aud I hoped he had nothing to say to the contrary.

“Nothing in the world” he said, “quite the reverse, in fact his experiences of them were painful ones—he had served in one, and some of his severest service afloat had been during that period!”

“Now here was a pretty dilemma—a contretemps like this had never entered my mind—here was a real sailor aud in real uniform, whilst I an imposter, a landsman in a mock uniform, was drifting into a disquisition upon a subject that I knew no more of than making matches. I felt that I was obtaining distinction under false pretences, that I was flying false colours, and that after all there must be something more than mere uniform to entitle a man to call himself a yachtsman, or a sailor: who was the donkey now—I heartily wished that gold band, buttons and telescope were at the bottom of the Solent.

“They can never carry their guns!” exclaimed my companion. \

I mumbled something about not being addicted to field sports.

“Just my argument,” said he, “they should be stationed at the home ports!”

“Not to be compared to Foreign port,” muttered I. “Sirl” said he.

‘” Permit me to offer you my card,” said I—”I shall be happy to cultivate your acquaintance!”

He looked at it; instantly his defferential manner vanished, and an air of the most supercilious insolence succeeded to it—” Ah—a slight mistake on my part, I thought I was conversing with Admiral B , ,” he turned on his heel.

My blood was up—’ A word with you! I exclaimed: ‘your uniform is a real one, and you are paid for wearing it; mine is a mock one, but not the less entitled to respect, for I wear it at my own expense; I aspire to be a yachtsman, and although not an Admiral I can walk the deck of as fine a vessel as ever an Admiral in Her Majesty’s service could call his own private properly!

“My dear Sir—my most excellent friend—pray do not for a moment think—I—I—really—well now that you should imagine—and which is jour yacht pray!”

My anger was assuaged—a weak moment supervened. “I expect her every day!”

“My dear fellow—allow me—my card—I shall only be too delighted to respond to your wish—we shall cultivate an acquaintance.”

I read the card—the address was ” Mr. Horatio Flowerdew, H.E.I.C”

“Two men sold!” I exclaimed, “he’s not in the ‘ Royals’ no more than I am in the ‘Regulars.'”

Before I had risen the next morning Mr. Flowerdew was announced; I received him—I bought the yacht—he cultivated my acquaintance—of that more anon.

Degeneration (Google Books)

Hence under the action of the two great wars in connection
with the development of large industries and the growth of large
towns, hysteria among the German people has, since 1870,
increased in an extraordinary manner, and we have very nearly
overtaken the unenviable start which the English and French
had over us in this direction. Now, all hysteria, like every form
of insanity, and for that matter like every disease, receives its
special form from the personality of the invalid. The degree
of culture, the character, propensities and habits of the deranged
person give the derangement its peculiar colour. Among the
English, always piously inclined, degeneration and hysteria were
bound to appear both mystical and religious. Among the
French, with their highly developed taste and widespread fond ness for all artistic pursuits, it was natural that hysteria should
take an artistic direction, and lead to the notorious extravagances
in their painting, literature and music. We Germans are in
general neither very pious nor very cultivated in matters of art.
Our comprehension of the beautiful in art expresses itself, for the
most part, in the idiotic ‘Reisendf (charming), and ” Entziickend’ !’
(ravishing), squeaked in shrill head-tones and with upturned
eyes by our well-bred daughters at the sight of a quaintly-shaved
poodle, and before the Darmstadt Madonna by Holbein, indis
criminately ; and in the grunts of satisfaction with which the plain
citizen pumps in his beer at a concert of his singing club. Not
that we are by nature devoid of a sense of the beautiful—I
believe, on the contrary, that in our deepest being we have more
of it than most other nations—but owing to unfavourable cir
cumstances this sense has not been able to attain development.
Since the Thirty Years’ War we have been too poor, we have had
too hard a combat with the necessities of life, to have anything
over for any sort of luxury ; and our ruling classes, profoundly
MYSTICISM 209
Latinized and slaves to French fashion, were so estranged from
the masses, that for the last two centuries the latter could have
no part in the culture, taste, or aesthetic satisfactions of the
upper strata of society, separated from them by an impassable
gulf. As, therefore, the large majority of the German people
had no interest in art, and troubled themselves little about it,
German hysteria could not assume an artistic, aesthetic form.
It assumed other forms, partly abominable, partly ignoble
and partly laughable. German hysteria manifests itself in antiSemitism, that most dangerous form of the persecution-mania,
in which the person believing himself persecuted becomes a
savage persecutor, capable of all crimes (the persdcute’perse’cuteur
of the French mental therapeutics).* Like hypochondriacs and ‘ h^morroldaires,’ the German hysterical subject is anxiously
concerned about his precious health. His crazes hinge on the
exhalations of his skin and the functions of his stomach. He
becomes a fanatic for Jaeger vests, and for the groats which
vegetarians grind for themselves. He gets vehemently affected
over Kneipp’s douches and barefoot perambulations on wet
grass. At the same time, he excites himself with morbid
sentimentalism (the ‘ Zoophilia ‘ of Magnan) concerning the
sufferings of the frog, utilized in physiological experiments, and
through all this anti-Semitic, Kneippish, Jaegerish, vegetarian,
and anti-vivisection insanity, there rings out the fundamental
note of a megalomaniacal.Teutonomaniacal Chauvinism, against which the noble Emperor Frederick vainly warned us. As a
rule, all these derangements appear simultaneously, and in nine
out of ten cases it is safe to take the proudly strutting wearer
of Jaeger’s garments for a Chauvinist, the Kneipp visionary for
a groats-dieted maniac, and the defender of the frog, thirsting
for the professor’s blood, for an anti-Semitist.

Travelers’ Record, Volumes 21-22 (Google Books)

A Man Famine. [Cor. N. Y. Sun.] A sctnl-jocular Dakota valentine recently appeared fn the columns of the Sun setting forth the matrimonial needs of the American Northwest, and telling of the awful scarcity of young women and the vast surplusage of youug men; of now the census a few years ago gave us seventeen and a half men to every woman arid girl, and how even now in some regions the ratio is four and a half to one. The fact that this lialfjestful squib has brought me, in six or eight weeks, nearly a thousand letters from young girls, old maids, and widows, all over the country, desiring husbands, or situations in regions where husbands are at least a possibility, Indicates an alarming scarcity of eligible single men throughout the older States of the Union. “‘What are the girls to do?” once said a recognized belle of one of the most aristocratic little Atlantic cities to me. “Here there are in the best society of our city, In my own circle, over two hundred and fifty marriageable girls, many of them, as you know,

highly accomplished and attractive women, fitted to grace any position, —and we have not a dozen really eligible men. We have hosts of beaus, but no prospective husbands. Our 6treets swarm with pleasant young fellows who do for escorts, dancing parties, and flirtation material, but we have absolutely no men to whom an intelligent, spirited, ambitious girl could possibly think of tying herself and her fortunes. They lack education, independence, purpose — everything that Is necessary to rise. There is no future for them, and apparently none for us but to form an old maid brigade and start on a crusade to some of the far Western Territories, where sterling men are said to be plenty and women scarce.” Go where one will or may throughout the East, the same sad condition of things exists. Every ball-room and parlor wall is richly tapestried with these slightly laded flowers.

Only a short time ago the bright young daughter of an eminent St. Louis lawyer said to me: “You mockingly criticise us for encouraging the attentions of what you contemptuously style Mvhippersnappers,’ ‘snips,’ ‘dudes’ and ‘callow goslings/ but how can we help it? There are twenty of these little fellows In society where there is one really desirable man, and if it were not for them we would miss many au entertainment that we want to attend, many an opera and play, many a set in dancing, that we now enjoy. But for these very pigmies, with their ‘three-hairpower moustaches,’ that you speak of so scornfully, every girl in St. Louis would be left at home half the times she now gets out, and would be a wall-flower more than half the time when she managed to inveigle her father or brother into escorting her to parties and receptions. You find me plenty of those brainy, cultivated, aspiring men, with a future that you talk about, and I will find you plenty of girls capable of appreciating them, and ready to drop all their retinue of ‘pomatumed 6nips’ for them any time. Bring on your ‘real men.’ Trot out your thoroughbreds.”

She was only a debutante, but do you know she had nonplussed me? I told over all the masculine beads of my society rosary; I took a lightning-calculator inventory of all my trousers-wearing acquaintances in what is known as “good society”; I reviewed long processions of the bifurcated ornaments of seaside and mountain and lakeside resorts, of balls and routs and operatic first nights: and I had to admit that this vehement young-girl indictment was a “true blue.” All over the country a man famine prevails.

We have hosts of society fellows,—swells, giddy boys,—but they were hardly the kind of husbandmaterial a sensible woman would select if it were not a case of “Hobson’s choice.” Many of them are kind-hearted, agreeable little creatures, disposed to do everything in their power to earn the gratitude of the girls, to whose enjoyment they contribute themselves and all they have and arc. But a considerable portion of them are freaks of nature, only to be accounted for when the creation of mosquitoes, fleas, mumps, and measles is explained. Thev are as much alike, find them where you will, as the little lumps of pill-dough under a druggist’s spatula. There is not originality enough in t hem or the tailors they patronize to get up sufficient difference between any two of a thousand of them to be recognized under a forty jackass-power microscope. Their physiognomies are mild burlesques en the lapdog family. Their shanks and feet look like pins stuck in pumpkin seeds. Their clothes are all »f the loudest fashion, and their necktics flame with all the hues of an Adirondack autumn, while life seems with them to be a perpetual struggle to see over their collars. Their faces arc decorated with bergamot-exhaling side whiskers and lip fuzz, thin and sickly. Their kid gloves are gaudy, and their switch canes have semi-blackguard handles, usually copies in ivory or gold of some ballet-dancer’s pirouetting pins. Ponderous chains, with horseshoe and dog-head charms, dangle from their flashy vest patterns. Their visages are stupid and sensual, and their mouths are mere expressionless gashes, that only open to take in oysters, cocktails, and champagne, and let out ball-room compliments, stale obscenity, and drawling oaths. They walk with a dawdling, mincing gait, that carries a perpetual flavor of the “german” or the “racquet.” They talk with a foreign affectation, full of “aws” and “you knaws,” and their breath is ever redolent with whisky and cigarette tobacco. They leer with insufferable insolence at every woman that comes within reach of their weak, dish-watery eyes, and comment on “the points” of their girl acquaintances as they do on those of a horse or a speckled female pointer pup. They laugh in their idiotic, would-be cynical way at the idea of virtue, and hold that every woman has her price. Their highest earthly ambitior/Ms to achieve a new-fangled cravat knot, figure in a seduction suit, and marry a girl with a fortune. They estimate men only by their clothes and their money. They never had nor can have an unselfish thought. All their sentiments center in their own base appetites. They worship no god but themselves, and the Hottentot fetishworshiper has a more respectable deity. Squeeze a million of them into one and they would not make a

real man. And they are all-important factors of our best society. No wedding ceremony is completed without some of them as ushers and salad auuimlators; No ball or reception is perfect without a numerous sprinkling of them to flourish their shining patent-leathered heels, only less light and leathery than their heads, to the witching strains of Its viols and lutes. Without them our girls would often — too sadly, awfully often — be beaiiless, 6tay-aHiomcs would abound, and wall-flowers would flourish thicker than touch-me-nots in rustic parterres, or bachelors’buttons In Dakota, where four-fifths of all the butt,ons are bachelors’ buttons.

What is to be done? There is a cr/ from Damselonia, Come and help us. In the name of suffering girldom, I call upon our social philosophers, pundits, and panjandrums for aid and counsel. Where is the use of all our nineteenth-century progress In art and science, if an improved article of society man cannot be Invented and manufactured in greater abundance? What is the good of all our electric lights, our telephones, phonographs, and double-track railroads from New York to Mexico and the moon, if our girls have to marry nobodies, or go husbandless to join the ever-swelling army of dried-up spinster martyrs? Must our American young women still continue to fly to the arms of their coachmen and lackeys, or waste themselves on foreign counts and barons, as a preparatory step to presiding in tho back rooms of future barber-shops, or passing around the handorgan’s concomitant tambourine for nickels? If so, “lchabod” Is already written upon the pillars of our New World Republic, and its glory is departed.

The Cultivator & Country Gentleman, Volume 36 (Google Books)

TWO MORE PICTURES.

A Soda Lake.—A soda lake has been discovered near Independence Rock, in this Territory, the waters of which are about to be utilized in the manufacture of soda. Tbe lake is a mile and a half in circumference, is about a mile east of Independence Rock, close to Sweetwater River, and sixty-five miles from Rawlins, on the Union Pacific, with a good natural road from one to the other. It is estimated that sixty thousand tons of soda can be manufactured annually, at a cost not exceeding two dollars per ton, and the freight to the railroad It Is believed will be about twelve dollars per ton. Soda manufactured from the waters of this lake has been tested by two scientific men—a Mr. McDonald, and Dr. Waters of Carson City. Tbe former gentleman pronounces it to be sesquicarbonate of soda; Dr. Waters detected a trace of sulphuric acid, which Increases its value.— Cheyenne Leader.

An old farm-house with meadows wide.
And sweet with clover on each side:
A bright-eyed boy, who looks from out
The door with woodbine wreathed about.
And wishes his one thought all day:
“Oh! If 1 could but fly away

From this dull spot, the world to see.
How happy, happy, happy.

How happy 1 should be!”

Amid the city’s constant din,
A man who round the world has been.
Who, ‘mid the tumult and the throng,
Is thinking, thinking all day long:
“OhI could I only tread once more
The field-path to the farm-house door.

The old. green meadow could 1 see.
How happy, happy, happy,

How happy I should be!”

The Yankee who was ” lying at the point of death,” whittled it off with his jack-knife, and is now recovering.

“Sam, how do yon like that knife I sold you last week?” “So, so. It’s not very sharp; yet you managed to shave me with it”

“Is molasses good for cough f” Inquired Jones, who bad taken a slight cold and was barkingwilh considerable energy. “It ought to be,” said Brown, “it is sold for consumption.”

A lady walking a few days since on one of the wharves of New-York, asked a sailor whom she met why a ship was called ” she.” The son of Neptune replied that it was “because the rigging cost more than the hull.”

An old lady in Pennsylvania had a great aversion to rye, and never could eat it in any form. “Till of late,” said she, “they have got to making It into whiskey, and I find I can, now and then, worry down a little.”

Kitchen girls are now termed, “young ladies of the lower parlor.” People who go about grinding knives, scissors and razors, are termed “gentlemen of the revolution.” Folks who dig clams are termed “profound investigators.”

It was among the loveliest customs among the ancients to oury the young at morning twilight; for as they strove to give the softest interpretation to death, so they’ imagined that Aurora, who loved the young, had stolen them to her embrace.

Formerly women were prohibited from marrying until they had spun a set of bed furniture, and hence were entitled spinsters until married. A morose old bachelor at our elbow remarked, “Now a days they spin street yarn.” We “looked daggers” at him, of course, as everybody knows we don’t like to hear ill-natured remarks about the ladies.

A celebrated dandy was one evening in company with a young lady, and observing her kiss her favorite poodle, he advanced and begged the like favor, remarking that she ought to have as much charity for him as she had shown the dog. “Sir,” said the belle, “I never kissed my dog when be was a puppy.” The fellow took tho hint, and was off instanter.

The ceremony of tying the knot is very much simplified in the Hoosier State, as the following scene will show: “What is your name, sir? “Matty.” “What Is your name, miss?” “Polly.” “Matty, do you love Polly?” “No mistake.” “Polly, do you lovcMatty?” “Well, I reckon.” “Well, then

I pronounce you man and wife,
All the days of your life.”

“Well, my lad, where arc you travelling this stormy weather, alone?” asked an inquisite landlord in the north of Vermont, during the last war, of a small lad, whose father was engaged in smuggling, and had sent him as young as he was with an important message in advance of tbe party. “Going to draw my pension,” was tho reply. “Your pension?” echoed the landlord, “what does so small a boy as you draw a pension for?” “Minding my own business, and letting that of other peoplealone.” The landlord sloped.

The law, as a profession, was not to the taste of Peter the Great. When he was in England he visited Westminster Hall in term time, and was much Btruck with the great display of wigs and gowns. “Who are those people?” said the Czar to Lord Carmarthen, who accompanied him. “They are lawyers, sir.” “Lawyers,” repeated Peter, “why I have only two in all my dominions, and I believe I shall hang one of them the moment I get back!”

Men may have the gifts both of talent and of wit, but unless they have also prudence and judgment to dictate the when, the where and the how these gifts are to be’ exerted, the possessors of them will be doomed to conquer only wherenothing is to be gained, but to be defeated where everything is to be lost; they will be outdone hymen of less brilliant, bnt mora convertible qualifications, and whose strength, in one point, is not counterbalanced by any disproportion In another.

Good Temper—” Oiling The Wheels.”— The great moral lubricator which makes everything in human life run without friction, is good temper. As soon as this is exhausted, the journals of the human machine begin to heat, and wear, and screech, and the entire mechanism becomes noisy and ruinously wasteful of power.

“The horse that frets, Is the horse that sweats,” is an old saying of horsemen, and It is just as true of men as of horses. The man that allows himself to get irritated at every little thing that goes amiss in his business, or in the ordinary affairs of life, is a man that, as a rule, will accomplish little, and wear out early. He is a man for whom bile and dyspepsia have a particular fondness, and for whom children have a particular aversion. He is a man with a perpetual Uiorn in his flesh, which pricks and wounds at the slightest movement; a man for whom life has little pleasure, and the future small hope.

To “keep Jolly” under all provocations, is perhaps a task which only Dickens’ Mark Tapley could perform. We never have met Mark Tapley in our experience of human nature, but we have seen him closely approximated; and it would be well if people in general could approach more nearly that inimitable character.

In all the phases, emergencies, and occupations of human life, good temper is a commodity for which there is great demand; but In those which bring an individual into daily contact, with many others, it is perhaps in greatest demand and most limited supply.

An Economic Study of Field Mice (genus Microtus) (Google Books)

DOMESTIC MAMMALS.

Some of the domestic animals assist in the destruction of field mice. Cattle and horses in pastures undoubtedly trample upon and destroy many mice, especially the young. Hogs in fields and wood lots root them from burrows and nests and eat them. Aristotle mentions the ancient practice of turning swine among mice “to root up their runs.” & But the more important of their enemies among domestic animals are dogs and cats.

Dogs follow the farmer to the field and at plowing and harvest are ready to pounce upon and kill every mouse that is uncovered in fur

« Forest .and Stream, vol. 55, p. 464, Dec. 15. 1000.

6 Aristotle’s History of Animals, Book 0, chap. 30, p. 178, Bonn’s edition, London, 1862.

row or shock. While they seldom eat rats or house mice, they sometimes become very fond of field mice and learn to hunt them independently. A good rat dog is undoubtedly a valuable asset of the farm, and I have known one to keep premises clear of brown rats (Mus norvegicus) when adjoining farms were overrun with them.

Many cats are good mousers, both in house and field. Some live largely upon pocket gophers, ground squirrels, and field mice. Unfortunately, however, when cats roam afield they learn to destroy song birds, young poultry, and game. The ordinary farm cat is exceedingly destructive to small birds and game, and the number that cats annually kill is immense.

House cats usually are too well fed to make good mousers, and are believed to aid in the spread of infectious diseases among human beings. In spite of the usefulness of individual cats in destroying mice, every community would be better off for a large reduction in its feline population.

Farmers’ Bulletin, Issue 1330 (Google Books)

1 Dr. Hall resigned in March 103G and Dr. Wright in April 1036.

IMPORTANT PREVENTIVE MEASURES

The use of measures intended to prevent sheep from becoming infested with parasites is especially the function of the sheepman. When sheep become diseased, the niceties of diagnosis and the administration of drugs are well within the province of the veterinarian. Errors in diagnosis by unskilled persons waste valuable time and lead to useless or injurious measures. Drugs intended to kill parasites are from the nature of things usually very potent, and are commonly poisonous substances capable of doing much damage in the hands of unskilled or careless persons; therefore, it is usually advisable to secure the services of a competent veterinarian whenever there is an outbreak of disease and a good veterinarian is available. In places where no qualified veterinarians are available, the farmer or stockman must use his own judgment in determining whether he can recognize the trouble and administer the remedy.

One of the most important preventive measures in keeping flocks free from parasites is based on the fact that many of the sheep parasites live in the digestive tract of the sheep or in the orgaus in communication with the digestive tract, so that the eggs or young worms pass out in the manure and thus infect the pastures. The fact that sheep manure carries worm infestation is the basis of such preventive measures as pasture rotation, rotation of different kinds of stock on the same pasture, feeding from racks or board floors, use of bare lots for nursing lambs, etc.

Another important preventive measure is based on the fact that sheep are the intermediate hosts of some tapeworms of dogs. The bladderworms found in the muscles and in or on the viscera of sheep are the immature stages of tapeworms of dogs. Dogs become infested with the adults of these tapeworms by feeding on uncooked sheep meat or viscera. The tapeworm eggs, when ingested by sheep, develop into bladderworms. For this reason sheep dogs and other dogs on the farm should be kept free from worms and related parasites. Stray dogs should not be permitted to wander over pastures and fields. Another preventive measure is based on the fact that diseases like scab are transmitted by contact with infested animals and places, and clean flocks must be protected from unsafe contacts.

In a general way, the presence of parasites may be suspected as the cause of disease where there is little or no fever, the animals losing condition and becoming thin and commonly having a diarrhea or being constipated. Other features may be associated with certain parasites. Blood-sucking parasites produce anemia, the blood becoming thin and pale as a result of having too few red blood corpuscles for the amount of serum present. Often there is associated with this an edema, in which fluid accumulates in the pendant or lower portions of the body; this is especially noticeable in stomachworm infestation in sheep, the fluid accumulating under the lower jaw and giving rise to the so-called bottle jaw.