A Short Introduction

Africa is a very misunderstood continent, almost always framed in tragedy and though that’s true other African countries are resilient enough to return and rebuild themselves. Rwanda is that country that’s devastated by war but is able to recover in due time.

Nigeria had also seen its province secede and despite ongoing problems today, it’s trying its best to remain stable. (One would suspect people praying for peace and stability in one of these countries.) One could classify each country under language.

Cameroon, Cote D’Ivoire, both Congos, Burundi, Rwanda, Gabon, Mali, Senegal, Tunisia, Morocco and Chad should fall under Francophone Africa. Logically, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, Uganda, Botswana, South Africa and Zambia should be part of Anglophone Africa.

Only Angola, Cabo Verde and Mozambique fall neatly under Lusophone Africa. (If combined with Francophone and Hispanic Africa, they’d make Latin Africa.)

Though that’s problematic considering that Cameroon has a substantial but marginalised Anglophone minority and both Cote D’Ivoire and Ghana (formerly Gold Coast) have the same dominating ethnicity (Akan).

Some of them originally weren’t either British or French colonies. Others use Swahili and/or Arabic. I would expand on it later.


Taking it seriously

Like I said several times before that if further archaeological evidence about the Continental Celts were to be discovered, it could not only enrich and rewrite prior understandings of Celtic cultures but also in tandem with learning Irish en masse would help other Continental Europeans rediscover it.

Around 40 % or more German men have Celtic Y chromosomes (their MTDNA is Germanic) which I suspect bodes similarly for Swiss and Austrians alike. Perhaps the neighbouring Czechs and Poles to a lesser extent. Add to the alarming possibility that they’d not only recreate earlier Irish/Celtic dress (recalling Ireland’s own Celtic Revival which they’d be similarly influenced) but also embarrass Ireland in using said costumes in Irish dance.

A good number of Germans already learn Scottish Gaelic, Irish’s sibling language and having many more speak Irish would further their Celtic aspirations as some German regions claim Celtic ancestry. It wasn’t Gaulish but still essentially close enough to warrant a revival of sorts.


Common in linguistic fields is linguistic reconstruction, whether if it’s filling in missing words at the earlier stages of a certain language or recreating an extinct language or earlier stage as closely as possible. These are excellent guess-work at that.

If somebody were to reconstruct what led the proto-Goidelic language to diverge from the proto-Celtic language as well as develop into contemporary Goidelic languages from unexpected surviving texts, it would lead to a lot of guess work.

This could be useful in reconstructing earlier versions of such stories in medieval and ancient Celtic lore.


While there were wildcats in Ancient Gaul and elsewhere, the word cat is obviously an Egyptian import and parsimoniously speaking variants of the word ‘lugh’ could’ve meant both lynx and cat. Should more evidence of a Gaulish version of Lugh ever turn up, albeit with him being feline it would undermine such suspicions of a Celtic cat cult.

As I said, several of the later recorded Irish folktales (in the 19th century so far) seem to be degenerated versions of their medieval counterparts obviously during the times when Irish Gaelic culture was actively suppressed. Conversely speaking, Irish medieval tales (including the one about Irusan in Tromadh Gromaire) could be degenerated versions of their continental Gaulish counterparts.

One would wonder whether if Lugh, a Celtic character suspected of having feline connections, could’ve been the original King of Cats had the Gaulish version been found out to be a cat or lynx god all along. If ancient Celtic texts about lynxes were to turn up, possibly the lynx rather than the wildcat served as the true inspiration for Celtic cat characters especially when their populations used to be higher.

Taking it seriously

Like I said several weeks ago, if the Germans and Austrians were to utilise Irish language it’ll be done in tandem with recent archaeological findings about the Celts and could offer more historically accurate Celtic costumes. Be warned that Ireland will take note of Germans performing Irish dances in recreated medieval Irish costumes.

It’ll also be satirised in newspaper cartoons about it. One could imagine ethnically Irish people being horrified by their German counterparts in historical Celtic regalia when doing the same dances. Ireland actually did this before but briefly and those that come closest to the original Celtic Revival costumes happen intermittently.

For the time being, one would have to look hard enough to find such costumes. Otherwise the Germans have beat them at it when it comes to Celtic authenticity ditto what the latter’s own Celtic ancestors actually spoke.

Celtic Revival

The British Isles and France to an extent do have their own Celtic revivals, but like I said should it ever occur in Germany and Austria it would be far bigger considering that Celtic languages over there aren’t just suppressed but also lost. In tandem with potential new findings, Irish being adopted and spoken en masse would have an immense impact.


Firstly to minimise any further traces of a recent Nazi past and secondly to reclaim a Celtic identity. The Irish themselves did do Gaelic Revival Costumes but I suspect it would be done far more often by the Germans and Austrians if they ever did the same thing. It would be frighteningly authentic and would have the Irish Dancing Commission notice it.


The Germans and Austrians have become more Irish than the Irish themselves, prompting more questions about a Celtic identity as soon as they lobby for Celtic Nation membership. It could either rewrite or expand it. But the good side is that the Germans and Austrians have succeeded in popularising Irish to the point of naturalising them.

Common Ancestor

I’ve come to realise that many of the recorded Irish and Welsh epics took place in the Middle Ages, especially when Ireland was increasingly and heavily Christianised aren’t a great starting point for how the myths could’ve been like in the Pre-Christian era. At least not exactly when first conceived.

Linguistically, certain words have fallen out of use and sometimes some of those characters could’ve been something else. Rather than monster cats, they could’ve been lynxes as the latter went extinct. Now if many more Celtic artefacts and texts were to show up in Continental Europe, they could be effectively be the missing link.

They could even be precursors to many medieval Irish epics. If the flaming cat in Voyage of Mael Duinn and the character Lugh have a common ancestor (as the latter is also the Scottish Gaelic word for lynx) it would make sense. The latter also has a cognate in other languages that mean light, referring to the animal’s glowing eyes.

All of this is speculative as the actual findings in the future would’ve been even stranger and could rewrite prior understanding of Celtic mythology.