Fear and Loathing in Lombardy

So far, only two writers (Candido Brognolo and Mr Guazzo) come from the Lombardy area, Bergamo and Milan respectively. Coincidentally two of them wrote books that mentioned dog witchcraft and dog demons a lot. That is from using word search on those documents. Girolamo Menghe didn’t ignore dog witches and dog demons but mentioned them less often in his work. Either it’s due to their biases against such animals or where they’re reporting.

By analogy, though Nigeria doesn’t entirely ignore dog witchcraft and devilry it’s mentioned less often than in Ghana and Cameroon at least from my research. Similar things can be said of the differences in witchcraft reports per region in France and Britain. (From my own experience, relatively more Latin reports mention dog witchcraft and demons but I could either be biased or lazy.)

It’s also parsimonious to suggest that the differences between each Italian region maybe analogous to that many African countries are composed of disparate separate kingdoms and chieftaincies. Italy was composed of separate city-states (though they’re arguably once part of the greater Roman country) for a long time even if it still got called Italy.

Italy’s practically like a reversed engineered Yugoslavia if you want to be specific about Europe. Hence I suspect Italian folklore may’ve been more regional in the past. Much more than France to a possible, though uncertain extent.

 

 

Lorraine Lore via Google Books

Werewolves, Witches, and Wandering Spirits: Traditional Belief and …

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Kathryn A. Edwards – 2002 – ‎Preview – ‎More editions
Such notions would not have fitted very well with the standard narrative of seduction, in which the devil took human form and sealed his triumph over his female conquests by raping them. … the Lorraine animals bore no resemblance to pets, while the concentration on wolves, cats, and dogs reflects the elementary fact that these creatures were frequently seen in situations which could be interpreted as witchcraft.5 Because trials in the duchy collected written evidence, then allowed the …

 

Gabon via Google Books

Présence africaine – Page 51

https://books.google.com.ph/books?id=tMufAAAAMAAJ – Translate this page
2005 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
Cet esprit lui est conféré à sa conception chez certains peuples, à l’instar des Kota du Congo-Brazzaville et du Gabon qui le désignent par izanga (sorcellerie). … Par suite de la décision de son maître, même au stade de l’idée ou de la pensée, la sorcellerie se met en activité et se matérialise sous la forme désirée par son maître : chien, léopard, hibou, serpent, feuille volante, insecte etc., car la représentation produite par l’imagination, dans le monde de la sorcellerie mène et …

African presence – Page 51

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2005 – Snippet view – More editions
This spirit is conferred on it by some peoples, like the Kota of Congo-Brazzaville and Gabon, who designate it by izanga ( witchcraft ). … As a result of his master’s decision, even at the idea or thought stage, witchcraft starts and materializes in the form desired by its master: dog , leopard, owl, snake, leaf flying, insect etc., because the representation produced by the imagination, in the world of witchcraft leads and ..

Dans la forêt du Gabon: études et scènes africaines – Page 63

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Maurice Briault – 1930 – ‎Snippet view
… laisser celui-ci dans son village : on le transporte parfois assez loin, dans une habitation de brousse, à proximité d’un sorcier en renom, en quelque endroit où la flore forestière abonde en remèdes et en simples. C’est presque, on le voit, notre transfert dans une clinique. Au dernier moment, lorsque tous les médicaments ont été épuisés en vain, on fait en beaucoup de tribus le sacrifice du bouc. Un bouc que supplée, au besoin, un mouton ou même une poule, quelquefois un chien.

In the forest of Gabon: African studies and scenes – Page 63

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Maurice Briault – 1930 – Snippet view
… leave it in his village: it is sometimes transported far enough, in a bush dwelling, near a renowned wizard , in any place where the forest flora abounds in remedies and simple. It is almost, we see, our transfer to a clinic. At the last moment, when all the medicines have been exhausted in vain, the sacrifice of the goat is made in many tribes. A goat that, if necessary, supplements a sheep or even a hen, sometimes a dog .

 

Cameroon via Google Books

Insights from Practices in Community-Based Research: From Theory To …

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Shannon T. Bischoff, ‎Carmen Jany – 2018 – ‎Preview – ‎More editions
In Mutaka (2011), there is this fabulous report by Manbossia in his paper entitled “How animals and things can speak and communicate in the Yambassa culture”; in this report, he tells how old animals, more specifically, a dog, a duck, a cat, and a hen would regularly communicate with the chief, to inform him … Then they tickled her with the taro leaves (called macabo in Cameroon), as they knew that no witch can resist revealing her witchcraft practices if she is tickled with such leaves.

Jujus in the Forest Area of West Cameroon – Page 20

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Peter Valentin – 1980 – ‎Preview – ‎More editions
The disadvantages are that there are so many rules for the non-members to observe. The entire juju is mostly involved in witchcraft, as the juju performs actions which are unbelieved to be performed by an ordinary man. The dog is its master. Where there is a barking dog, it does not go near. But if it notices that you are keeping a dog against it, it brings a tiger from the bush to kill both you and the dog. The juju really exists. MWANKUM It was one of the leading and powerful jujus 2O.
Nation of Outlaws, State of Violence: Nationalism, Grassfields …

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Meredith Terretta – 2013 – ‎Preview – ‎More editions
Nationalism, Grassfields Tradition, and State Building in Cameroon Meredith Terretta. the black-dog oathing ceremony held less credence for mungo populations than the public confession on the communal chuep’si did in Baham. Some mungo-based catholics—following the lead of Bishop ndongmo, who compared the black dog ceremonies to the practice of witchcraft—refused to beat the dog. authorities eventually allowed devout catholics to swear on the Bible during the …
Indigenization of Language in the African Francophone Novel: A New …

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Peter W. Vakunta – 2011 – ‎Preview – ‎More editions
(Dog Days, 101). By alternating between French and an indigenous language, Medumba, Nganang introduces an important cultural element into his narrative — the practice of witchcraft. Like other Cameroonian writers, he discusses magical realism as a theme in his novel. By reverting to the mother-tongue expression “ne ne ne” the writer translates both the belief system and the emphatic mannerism peculiar to the Bamileke ethnic group into French. The expression “ne ne ne” is …
Magical Interpretations, Material Realities: Modernity, Witchcraft …

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Henrietta L. Moore, ‎Todd Sanders – 2003 – ‎Preview – ‎More editions
Modernity, Witchcraft and the Occult in Postcolonial Africa Henrietta L. Moore, Todd Sanders. come and help him. I was so … My mother and father and this diviner went to the outskirts of the village, killed and buried a dog and performed certain rites. In the course of burying this dog, … These two accounts both concern people from the Bamenda Grassfields of Cameroon, whose ideas of personhood, agency and success are illustrative of the popular epistemology. Both cases present …

Journal of the Cameroon Academy of Sciences

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2001 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
Spender in Cameron (1990: 106) asserts how those who create usage cause this very medium to influence people’s thinking: Given that language is such an influential force in shapIngour workl, it is obvious that those who have the power to make the symbols and their incaning are in a priiilegral and highly advantagrous position. It is an … If terms designating men are used to denote a woman, an ill-feeling is usually not created (waiter, host, bachelor, dog, tom-boy). In many cases …

Cameroon: art and kings – Page 89

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Lorenz Homberger, ‎Christraud M. Geary, ‎Hans-Joachim Koloss – 2008 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
Medicine Societies Although all secret societies in the Cameroon Grassfields possess medicines and constantly use them, there are also special medicine societies. Their central task is to repel and destroy enemy forces but they … bones, teeth, bits of fur, feathers, and similar things (fig. 56). These are mostly parts of those animals into which witches usually transform themselves: elephant, buffalo, leopard, antelope, monkey, crocodile, snake, chameleon, dog, cat, sheep, and chicken.

Traditional Institutions in Kembong (Cameroon) – Page 158

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Hans-Joachim Koloss – 2008 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
… mantlebearers are summoned either by the medicine itself or by the society’s leader or by mma Njom, the wife of Obasinjom. If the leader needs a mantlebearer, he pulls out one of the small wooden pins inserted next to the feathers in the headpiece. Each stands for a particular dancer.” At the same time he commands the medicine: “Call your dog to come.” Dogs are considered to be strong, active, intelligent, obedient, and therefore indispensable in the hunt – in this case, for witches …

In French Cameroon: Bandjoun … – Page 121

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André Albert (SCJ) – 1943 – Snippet view
The sorcerer immediately rushes out, and at every flash of light he cries to thunder: Go to X’s, and do not forget to burn everything. Over and over again, he pursues this maneuver until the return of the bag, which he carefully inspects. With the ax, the knife and the little dog , he found a piece of charred bamboo, proof that X’s box was well burned. After this quote, all I have to do is give some details, just to point out some differences …
Morphological complexity, syntactic simplicity: the case of biafa, …

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Gladys Guarisma – 2000 – Preview
the case of Biafa, Bantu language (A 50) of Cameroon Gladys Guarisma. This interpretation could be confirmed by the fact that, in a dependent utterance, when the given nominal is omitted, the element designating the color (affected by the index of type 1) is always accompanied by a connective index identical to that which connects the nominal determinant with the determined. bu n p p y y y y y 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 cl. 9- dog I of (cl 9) I cl. 7- (the) white II he ( cl 9) / + acquired near I …
Priests of the Sacred Heart and the birth of the Church in Cameroon: …

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Goustan Le Bayon – 1986 – Snippet view – More editions
At the same time, the events of May 68 in France, the crisis of vocations, the crisis of identity of priests, all over the West, have their repercussions in Cameroon . From 1967 … In each district of the city, a black dog is brought in prepared by a wizard and all the inhabitants, including 14-year-olds, have to hit the black dog with a wand, also prepared by a wizard while swearing that they have nothing to do with the maquis, or confessing their faults.
The Cameroonian woman and the promotion of the national cultural heritage

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Jacques Fame Ndongo , Richard Lawrence Omgba – 2002 – Full view
But in Aunt Bella, the sorcerer is not the only drama of the woman; the man, in general, is a real macho: when there was a mourning in the village, the women met in the mortuary to cry. … For having inadvertently dropped the firewood load on her husband ‘s dog , Bella must suffer worse atrocities: Eteta made her stand all day watching the sun, a banana trunk on her shoulder. , the corpse of the little dog …
Cameroon: geographical, historical, touristic aspect, … – Page 86

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André Soucadaux – 1953 – Snippet view – More editions
Wizards and Witches – warning signs of smallpox – Where things go wrong is when you suspect a being of sorcery. The presence of a sorcerer or witch is detected by the successive death of several children. The wizard comes out at night in the form of a black bird escorted by a flaming fireball under his wings. He settles on a … He cleans his eyes with veal urine and burns feces of hyena and dog on a special fire. If he dreams …
Cameroon; Quarterly Magazine – Page 159

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La France. Economic Agency autonomous colonies and mandated territories in Africa – 1933 – Snippet view – More editions
Their neighbors readily consider them as sorcerers and accuse them of possessing formidable secrets, which are transmitted in the greatest mystery within closed confraternities, the main one being that of Iroumé or Eloumé. The Iroumé … They enter the Iroumé with the authorization of their father, who gives to the head of the brotherhood (moum amé ko, man of the society) a dog and supplies to the teenager, the goat and the six chickens representing his first contribution.

Au Cameroun français: Bandjoun … – Page 121

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André Albert (S.C.J.) – 1943 – ‎Snippet view
Le sorcier se précipite aussitôt dehors, et à chaque lueur d’éclair, il crie au tonnerre : Va-t-en chez X, et n’oublie pas de tout brûler. Â maintes reprises, il poursuit ce manège, jusqu’au retour du sac envolé, dont il inspecte attentivement le contenu. Â la hache, au couteau et au petit chien, il trouve joint un morceau de bambou calciné, preuve que la case de X est bien brûlée. » Après cette citation, il ne me reste plus qu’à donner quelques précisions, qu’à signaler quelques différences …
Complexité morphologique, simplicité syntaxique: le cas du biafa, …

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Gladys Guarisma – 2000 – ‎Preview
le cas du biafa, langue bantoue (A 50) du Cameroun Gladys Guarisma. Cette interprétation pourrait être confirmée par le fait que, dans un énoncème dépendant, lorsque le nominal déterminé est omis, l’élément désignant la couleur (affecté de l’indice de type 1) est toujours accompagné d’un indice connectif identique à celui qui relie le nominal déterminant avec le déterminé. bu î n-pùp yàâ-‘térï 6y-én, i n-f în ï-ydà II cl. 9-chien I ce de (cl. 9) I cl. 7-(le) blanc II il (cl. 9) / +acquis proche I …
Les prêtres du Sacre-Cœur et la naissance de l’Eglise au Cameroun: …

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Goustan Le Bayon – 1986 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
A la même époque, les événements de mai 68 en France, la crise des vocations, la crise d’identité des prêtres, un peu partout en Occident, ont leurs répercussions au Cameroun. De 1967 … Dans chaque quartier de la ville on amène un chien noir préparé par un sorcier et tous les habitants, y compris les enfants de 14 ans, doivent frapper le chien noir avec une baguette, préparée elle aussi par un sorcier en jurant qu’ils n’ont rien à faire avec le maquis, ou en confessant leurs fautes.
La femme camerounaise et la promotion du patrimoine culturel national

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Jacques Fame Ndongo, ‎Richard Laurent Omgba – 2002 – ‎Snippet view
Mais dans Tante Bella, le sorcier n’est pas le seul drame de la femme ; l’homme, de manière générale est un véritable machiste : quand il y avait un deuil au village, les femmes se réunissaient dans la case mortuaire pour pleurer. … Pour avoir laissé tombé par mégarde la charge de bois de chauffage sur le chien de son mari, Bella doit subir de pires atrocités : Eteta la fit rester debout toute la journée à regarder le soleil, un tronc de bananier sur l ‘épaule, le cadavre du petit chien …
Le Cameroun: aspect géographique, historique, touristique, … – Page 86

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André Soucadaux – 1953 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
Sorciers et Sorcières — traces annonciatrices de la variole — Là où les choses se gâtent, c’est quand on soupçonne un être de sorcellerie. La présence de sorcier ou de sorcière est décelée par la mort successive de plusieurs enfants. Le sorcier sort la nuit sous forme d’un oiseau noir escorté d’une boule de feu flamboyant sous ses ailes. Il se pose sur un … On lui nettoie les yeux avec de l’urine de veau et on brûle des crottes de hyène et de chien sur un feu de bois spécial. S’il rêve …
Cameroun; Magazine Trimestriel – Page 159

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France. Agence économique des colonies autonomes et des territoires africains sous mandat – 1933 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
Leurs voisins les considèrent volontiers comme des sorciers et les acccusent de posséder de redoutables secrets, qui se transmettent dans le plus grand mystère au sein de confréries fermées, dont la principale serait celle de l’Iroumé ou Eloumé. L’Iroumé … Ils entrent dans l’Iroumé avec l’autorisation de leur père, qui donne au chef de la confrérie (moum amé ko, homme de la société) un chien et fournit à l’adolescent, la chèvre et les six poulets représentant sa première cotisation.

Mythology of Baka pygmies (South Cameroon): mythology and tales

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Robert Brisson – 1999 – Preview – More editions
The first wizard was Komba’s dog . Komba threw him into the bush because he was biting people to eat them. These are the people who picked up the dog , to go hunting, but instead of hunting, he was going around in circles to kill the animals, and then this dog started to kill the men. This is the beginning of the wizards . The dog saw that killing the animals was bad, but killing the men was good. Komba, seeing this, ‘transforms’ the dog so that it always remains …

Mythologie des Pygmées Baka (Sud-Cameroun): mythologie et contes

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Robert Brisson – 1999 – ‎Preview – ‎More editions
Le premier sorcier fut le chien de Komba. Komba l’a jeté en brousse, parce qu’il mordait les gens pour les manger. Ce sont les gens qui ont ramassé le chien, pour aller à la chasse, mais au lieu de chasser, il tournait en rond pour tuer les bêtes, puis ce chien a commencé à tuer les hommes. C’est le commencement des sorciers. Le chien voyait que tuer les bêtes, c’était mauvais, mais que tuer les hommes, c’était bon. Komba, voyant cela, ‘transforme’ le chien pour qu’il reste toujours à …

La lutte nationaliste au Cameroun: 1940-1971 – Page 322

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2010 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
Les sorciers, maîtres des séances présentaient aux habitants des villages le chien noir qu’ils devaient frapper d’une baguette en se confessant. A la fin de chaque séance, le chien noir était enterré vivant. L’évêque catholique du diocèse Mgr Albert Ndongmo s’oppose à ce rite qualifié de sorcellerie et en fait un thème de sermon. Quoi qu’il en soit la pratique du rite anti-terroriste eut des conséquences importantes. Elle libera la population de l’obligation de soutien et d’appui qu’elle …

Nationalist struggle in Cameroon: 1940-1971 – Page 322

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2010 – Snippet view – More editions
The sorcerers , masters of the sessions presented to the inhabitants of the villages the black dog that they had to hit with a stick while confessing. At the end of each session, the black dog was buried alive. The Catholic bishop of the diocese Bishop Albert Ndongmo opposes this ritual called witchcraft and makes it a topic of sermon. In any case, the practice of the anti-terrorist rite had important consequences. It will free the population from the obligation of support and support that they …

 

Nigeria via Google Books

One would have to suspect that times may’ve changed.

Nigerian Livestock Resources: Urban reports and commercially-managed …

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1992 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
This tendency has been altered by modern values, but this traditional way of thinking still underlies many people’s beliefs. Chickens are usually kept … have more wealth to protect. Dogs are usually consumed by non-indigenes from Ondo, Cross River and Akwa Ibom States, whilst most Benin indigenes use dogs as sacrificial animals. … for nefarious deeds. People also believe that cats function as a powerful sacrificial animals, but in the majority of cases they are kept strictly as pets.
Cross River natives: being some notes on the primitive pagans of …

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Charles Partridge, ‎Charles Partridge (M.A.) – 1905 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
being some notes on the primitive pagans of Obubura Hill district, southern Nigeria, including a description of the circles of upright sculptured stones on the left bank of the Aweyong River Charles Partridge, Charles Partridge (M.A.). all the time being … DOMESTIC ANIMALS These include neat stock, sheep, goats, swine, dogs, cats, fowls, and ducks. … Later on, when the country is further developed, these people might, after proper instruction, be induced to supply Calabar with beef.

Nigerian Livestock Resources – Volume 3 – Page 8

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Nigeria. Federal Department of Livestock and Pest Control Services – 1992 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
Unlike in Cross River State, there is little external trade in dogs. Hunting dogs are usually trained to seek out grasscutters, monitor lizards and snakes. People eat dogs sporadically throughout the State, and the flesh is reputed to have medicinal properties. For example, although dogs are not reared at Ezetu, Yenagoa LGA, the meat is eaten to cure malaria. Dogs can also be sacrificed at burials as at Obonoma (Degema LGA) and Obumeze (Ahoada LGA), and at Oluassiri (Brass LGA) …
B.T.O. News – Issues 196-225

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British Trust for Ornithology – 1995 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
Yesterday we had a cat in for castration and as you may (or may not) know, when put under anaesthetic, cats have an unfortunate habit of throwing up. This one was no … So those who share my thoughts that feline pets and small birds are an unfortunate mixture should perhaps think again. Once in a while … Our 1 995 visit lasted about four weeks, from 1 8 January to 1 3 February, and we based ourselves in the remote village of Boje- Enyi in Cross River State in SE Nigeria. Here we …

Handling Sorcery in a State System of Law … – Wiley Online Library
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/j.1834-4461.2010.tb00079.x/pdf
1993, Niehaus 2001), Cameroon (Geshiere 1997) and Ghana (Meyer 1999), witchcraft has been shown to ….. unknown dog that came past the grave during the night, which, they were convinced, was the shape-shift version of …. of events where he had been tricked into taking part in this occult ritual murder. He reported.

Newswatch: Nigeria’s Weekly Magazine – Page 36

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2003 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
I NIGERIA more. That is some of the things they do. Newswatch: Tell me about the witchcraft model? Ukpabio: In some cases the witches pick a picture and want to make a model out of you. That model will actually be a replica of the person, though notin size but facially or something. The model can also be in the form … He will either see masquerades, pursuing him or people that had died in the village pursuing him or a dog or other dangerous things. He could be fighting with a mad …

 

Igbo beliefs via Google Books

Igbo Art and Culture, and Other Essays – Volume 1 – Page 377

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Simon Ottenberg, ‎Toyin Falola – 2006 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
In another song a man sings that he wants to be left in peace. Lead: Yankponkoiwo yaknaho yandi bohiya metiban. Chorus: Yayamai. Lead: I have talked and I have tired. Please hold the town. Chorus: Here am I. The lead’s second phrase means please let him be at peace. Some songs refer to death. One is about Bayo, a prominent local man who had recently died from a dog’s bite (interpreted as by witchcraft by some persons). Lead: Mande eyeeeyee Bayo mande yeeewoyo bayo …
The three worlds in Igbo traditional religion – Page 116

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N. S. Onuigbo – 2009 – ‎Snippet view
225 Nnamdi S. Onuigbo, Ontology in Igbo Religion, Enugu: Snaap Press Ltd., 2003, p. 18. 226 Talbot, p. 132. 2” Ibid. V 228 Davidson, p. 127. , 229 Talbot, p. 109. The witches leave their bodies during sleep Vand go on nocturnal mission in company of other witches. The soul of the victim is devoured by the witches while the body is not injured. The witches normally converge on the iroko or silk-cotton tree. They turn into insects, birds, spidersV webs, cats, toads. rats, dogs, snakes, …

African Journal of Educational Research – Volumes 1-2 – Page 185

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1974 – ‎Snippet view
them when they were children their response was quite similar to that of our Kano sample: 24 per cent mentioned darkness and 13.5% mentioned ghosts and witches (1970:122). … Although the list of reptiles and animals feared by Kano and Igbo … tigers, dogs, hyenas, leopards, crocodiles, camelions, spiders, owls etc., fear of snakes was predominant and constituted the major source of fear in this category for both samples (65% and 62% respectively) As for the American sample, …

The embattled Gods: Christianization of Igboland, 1841-1991 – Page 42

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Ogbu Kalu – 1996 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
Secondly, the communities choose a male priest for the goddess and thereby re-assert the ambiguity in Igbo gender ideology-which seems to imply that such important aspects of life should not be left under the control of a woman.9 The lgbo … Witchcraft utilizes viral infection models- food, drinks, body contact-sharing of clothes, combs and blood contact. … Monkey, Dog, Cat, Leopard/ Tiger, Lion, Chicken (c) Man (iii) Marine: (a) Crocodiles, Water snakes (b) Fishes e.g. the electric fish.

Cultural Attitudes to Animals Including Birds, Fish and …

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1986 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
To prevent a women from tweaking this taboo dogs were buried far away from the vi;1age, and a stick would be erected on the spot so that women could avoid passing over them.’ _40_ Among the Igbo it is taboo for the priest of the earth to eat dog’s flesh. And if a dog enters his house, it must be killed or chased out. This certainly must be due to the fact that some dogs are associated with witches and chthonic divinities, so for ~ priest officiating for a god to live with such dogs may be …

African Conversion – Page 107

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Brendan Patrick Carmody – 2001 – ‎Snippet view
It is a way of thought that uses the symbolic forms of witches, dogs and snakes to articulate the belief that the sins of one brother-in-Christ can threaten the spiritual powers of every other member of the prayer-house. 2. Relative Deprivation and Poverty of … Generally speaking, the economic environment of most triangle villages is less developed and is more dependent upon agriculture than that of many non- triangle Igbo villages. Given these general conditions but equipped with …

Human Devolution: A Vedic Alternative to Darwin’s Theory – Page 323

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Michael A. Cremo – 2003 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
Part of the lore of sorcery and magic are “familiars,” spirits, often embodied in animals, who serve witches or wizards. … It can take control of dogs, cattle, snakes and other animals, inducing them to cause trouble to targeted people. … prayers and sacrifices offered by their descendants, who in turn depend on the intercession of their ancestors. Raum (1973, p. 76) says that the ancestors “have control over the good and bad fortune of their descendants.” Cosmology of the Igbo of West …

History of indigenous science and technology in Nigeria – Page 163

https://books.google.com.ph/books?id=fZlOAQAAIAAJ
Raimi Adebayo Olaoye – 2009 – ‎Snippet view
So we see what witches do, but who says he has seen a witch is lying.-“1 The mystery which surrounds the manner of beholding witches extends also to their appearance, for the Basa-Nge have no clear picture of what a witch looks like save that she looks horrid and fearful. Though ordinary persons cannot see witches, dogs and cats can, and will give sound when witches are around. Ordinary mortals find their clues only in the tangible effects of witchcraft. Some of these clues sound …

Igbo Art and Culture, and Other Essays – Volume 1 – Page 377

https://books.google.com.ph/books?id=nm0uAQAAIAAJ
Simon Ottenberg, ‎Toyin Falola – 2006 – ‎Snippet view – ‎More editions
In another song a man sings that he wants to be left in peace. Lead: Yankponkoiwo yaknaho yandi bohiya metiban. Chorus: Yayamai. Lead: I have talked and I have tired. Please hold the town. Chorus: Here am I. The lead’s second phrase means please let him be at peace. Some songs refer to death. One is about Bayo, a prominent local man who had recently died from a dog’s bite (interpreted as by witchcraft by some persons). Lead: Mande eyeeeyee Bayo mande yeeewoyo bayo …

 

African Witchcraft via Google Books

Witchcraft, Demons and Deliverance – Page 70

https://books.google.com.ph/books?isbn=3643906579
Claudia Währisch-Oblau, ‎Henning Wrogemann – 2015 – ‎Preview
Etje peux me transformer en chat, and I can change into a cat, miauw, miauw, miauw, miauw, Je peux me transformer en chien, I can change into a dog, Je peux me transformer en lion, I can change into a lion, Etje peux même voler. I can even fly. All demons and witches applaud their Master’s power. The sudden arrival of Mambweni (KiKongo for »the things that I have seen«), one of the witches, interrupts the demonic celebrations. Nearly in tears, Mambweni catches her breath and …
Demons and Deliverance

https://books.google.com.ph/books?isbn=1482876639
Pastor Graham Abraham – 2016 – ‎Preview – ‎More editions
She went on further: we cannot sleep in the house. my husband died mysteriously six months ago; there are marks on the ceiling that look like animal paw prints in the bedroom where Deidre stays; Deidre’s husband left her to move in with a Sangoma (African Witch Doctor). She came to house and never moved out. She has been staying here for a six months as well. We never asked her to stay, she just never left. So in this house it is just Deidre and I who live here. Dianne said further …
Deliverance Navigator:

https://books.google.com.ph/books?isbn=9789201818
Dr. D. K. Olukoya – 2017 – ‎Preview
Christians should be very careful these days and not be ignorant of the devices of these demonic powers. You should be alert and careful about things … It is true that the witches use black cats, but the deception of the devil is to conceal the fact that they actually prefer the white ones. The eyes and ears of a domestic animal in … right to stay in their lives when chased out. 5. It is possible to find out that the spirit of fornication that many people are battling with came from the dogs they …
Deliverance from Multiple Bondage:

https://books.google.com.ph/books?isbn=9789200250
Dr. D. K. Olukoya – 2016 – ‎Preview
It is true that witches use them, but the deception of the devil is to conceal the fact that they actually prefer the white ones. The eyes and ears of a domestic animal in many houses … EVIL. MARKS. It is possible to find out that the spirit of fornication that many people are battling with carne from the dogs they were playing with. A lot of people carry evil marks put on … These demons act like police dogs that sniff and identify culprits. Have respect unto the covenant: for the dark places of …
Deliverance and Inner Healing – Page 240

https://books.google.com.ph/books?isbn=0800794486
John Loren Sandford, ‎Mark Sandford – 2008 – ‎Preview – ‎More editions
Some Christians testify of knowing of various birds used by witches, especially ravens. Many are convinced that snakes are always under the power of demons. I don’t believe this, for God created them, and “the earth is the Lord’s, and all it contains” (Psalm 24:1, emphasis mine). But I can see how they could occasionally be used as instruments of demonic powers. Lest we walk around fearful that every strange dog or cat may be someone’s familiar, let us remember that such …

The Advance Deliverance Spiritual Warfare Prayers: Personal Family …

https://books.google.com.ph/books?isbn=144906809X
Dr. Akujobi D. Oparaocha – 2010 – ‎Preview – ‎More editions
Lord you are powerful, in the mighty name of our Lord Jesus Christ of Nazareth, Heavenly Father I come against all the demons that Satan has assigned to attack me through dreams. Isaiah 54:17. It is written, “No … love to me in the dream. Heavenly Father let all evil dark rivers, trees, forests, evil companions, evil arresters, evil pursuers, vision of dead relatives, snakes, birds, dogs, crocodiles, termite’s, ants, and anything that turns into animals to attack me in the dream, let all spirit …