What they can do with money

A good number of newly rich people have had desires of emulating aristocracy and royalty, sometimes unconsciously so. The Fuggers and Medicis are good examples of this, they made a lot of money from banking, the latter practically ruling over a city to themselves and married their children to aristocratic women before getting ennobled themselves.

Prince William’s wife also came from a similar background (at least from what I remember) and Prince Harry’s wife was also a rich actress. Grace Kelly also married into royalty and became a princess herself so it’s inevitably going to be the case even if it isn’t always so. It could even become more common in the future.

That is should more families increase their wealth, they want to elevate themselves by marrying into much more powerful, wealthier families. They’ve been doing this before and will continue to do so.

The return of arranged marriages

Considering the growing inequality between rich and poor, there’s evidence that the rich are more likely to marry and start families especially in the developed world. Consider this, if the rich can afford to get married then they can afford to arrange marriages. That’s been done for many centuries especially in Europe.

Whereas those of lower classes can get away with love marriages (marrying for love as called in the Indian subcontinent) but because they don’t have enough money. I remember these are also the classes most likely to cohabit for the same reason. Again we’re seeing a revival of sorts in the developed world for that reason.

As for the upper classes, there’s been a marked tendency to marry their children to aristocrats especially in Europe among merchant families. The Fuggers and Medicis were no strangers to this. These two also have strong desires to ennoble themselves, which eventually happened.

It’s going to get more common in the future whether if people want it or not, given what the rich can do with their money.

No other franchise

As to why I think it’ll be relatively easy to reconstruct the Divine Comedy using the Flash is because of the many similarities they can, made easier when modified to fit everything better together. One could replicate certain scenes of the Inferno/Hell section using characters like Hawkgirl (harpies), Power Girl (Geryon), Heatwave (Farinata degli Uberti), Golden Glider and Top (Francesca and Paolo), Caitlin Snow (she-wolf/Count Ugolino) and Captain Cold (Archbishop Ruggieri) and they’ll turn out similarly.

Then you have Barry Allen replacing Dante Alighieri, Jay Garrick for Virgil and Iris West for Beatrice (who or whatever the latter represents) and it shows how easy it is to reverse-engineer the Comedy using Flash characters. Not only that, you also have a new context into the roles they’ve come to replace their Divine Comedy counterparts with.

By having Iris West become Beatrice and that she’s shown to be a sister figure of sorts to Barry, it makes one wonder if the Beatrice character’s actually based on Dante’s daughter (Sister Beatrice) instead. It would be much harder to replicate the Comedy with any other DC franchise, let alone seamlessly so like you do with The Flash. That and other things so.

No other substitute in DCU

I suspect that recreating the Divine Comedy using other DC franchises wouldn’t work out so well. One would suggest that recreating the Divine Comedy using Robin character could work…however in theory. The point is that though Tim Drake has had a long enough magazine run but the only breakout character his series ever begat was Stephanie Brown and his adventures (based on what I’ve read) are generally forgettable.

Barry Allen has some forgettable moments and stories but then again several of his stories have been adapted for other media and that he already has a large number of unforgettable villains and supporting characters alike to make it easier to recreate The Divine Comedy with. I could go on saying that a storyline where a character’s relative has been killed by a doppelganger to motivate the former (and trying to undo it) is repetitive especially in the Flash.

But alongside stuff like Trials of the Flash and begetting spin-offs like Wally West and Bart Allen, Barry Allen’s Flash is memorable enough to have a substantial influence on the Flash franchise. Substantial enough to be used as raw material to recreate The Divine Comedy with. Batman, with its Alice in Wonderland references could be used recreate Alice in Wonderland proper instead.

I barely read comics but keep in mind that The Flash comics from Barry Allen onwards is the chief inspiration for subsequent Flash adaptations and the characters are similar enough to not only be comparable to the Divine Comedy but also to recreate the latter with the former so well that the Flash could be the best place to reconstruct the Comedy with.

Virtually almost no other franchise in the DCU can be used to recreate the Comedy with, let alone successfully so. Golden Glider and The Top can be easily used to replace Francesca and Paolo. Not so much with whatever supporting or villainous characters ‘Robin’ has as there are no proper analogues there to begin with.

What else could it be? Part 2

Associating Flash characters with their Divine Comedy counterparts leads not to only direct replacements but also reinterpret the latter. Having Iris West be Beatrice and werewolf Caitlin Snow as the she-wolf has weird implications that Flash writers (and Dante himself) never intended. Or rather Dante’s commentators never intending and understanding the context any further.

On a larger scale, Central City could substitute for Florence. Florence at some point or another was one of the major trading and banking hubs in the world. It was in this environment that the Medicis came from. Coincidentally speaking, not only were Dante’s relatives usurers but also Dante himself went into the same guild some of the earlier Medicis went into (the one for doctors or medici in Italian).

The Flash has scientists and a doctor so it shouldn’t be much of a stretch. Florence and Tuscany in general are in Central Italy. Central City’s commonly thought to be in Midwestern/North Central (United States of) America. On a funny note, there was a United Provinces of Central Italy at some point or another. And that there were Italians and people of Italian descent working on the Flash so.

The infernal dogs

As I said before, it’s not that Dante Alighieri hated dogs but rather the suspicion, if not hatred of dogs on the basis of witchcraft would’ve been more common than what most people assume. In Ortobello, Tuscany there’s an account of a woman who thought that the large dog is Satan and Arturo Graf mentions that the Devil can appear as a dog in Il Diavolo. This also occurred in Francophone texts but most especially in Early Modern demonology texts like Discours des Sorciers.

If any of these books had been translated in Italian before, it’s likely that the sentiment would’ve been more common than most people would realise. There’s actually a book where Dante himself owned dogs. Even if he owned them at some point or another, he still succumbed to common superstitions of his day as evidenced in The Divine Comedy.

Similarly in Cameroon, many people own cats and dogs (based on the sources I’ve read cats actually outnumber dogs there) but some still fall for the superstition that the meowing of cats and barking/howling of dogs leads to misfortune of sorts. Something I’ve posted before. Same things can be said of William Shakespeare. It’s not that he hates dogs but even if he owned a dog he still would’ve fell for the popular beliefs in his day.

Most evidently in the book ‘Demon Possession in Elizabethan England’ which mentions demonic dogs and stray dogs being singled out a lot, giving a better idea of Shakespeare’s mindset at the time. Similar things can be said of Dante.

More bizarre than that

Like I said in my earlier posts, it’s not a matter if Hirohiko Araki hates dogs (or cats for another matter) but rather that he could’ve unresolved anger and trauma possibly stemming from being bullied. Not only does he have avoidant attachment but also because he’s got PTSD. If that’s ever the case, especially in terms of being avoidant and having recurring negative memories, feelings and fears of sorts.

Some people like myself and Jenny McCarthy have experienced this at some point or another, then it’s likelier that Araki himself might’ve been traumatised and considering how violent his stories can still could still be traumatised after all those years. Some people who’ve been traumatised try to put on a calm facade in public and may tend to be not open with how they feel and what they remember.

For fear that the real thing they experienced could be more horrifying than what they try to admit. Sensitivity to criticism could be interpreted as a fear of not wanting to be insulted and scolded again. Since his readers frequently question his habit of killing off dogs despite admitting to liking them (something also brought up by PETA) and JJBA has a character who got bullied, it’s likelier that Araki might still be reeling from whatever trauma he got at school.

This carried out to being scratched by a cat and becoming scared of them. Crankiness, disturbing obsessions, recurring bad memories, impulsiveness and avoidance are symptomatic of PTSD which can be found in many of Araki’s works to varying degrees. Killer Queen and his ilk might stem from recurring bad memories of being scratched by a cat.

His habit of killing off dogs might be a case of both avoidant attachment to dogs in real life and misguided/misdirected anger he felt in school. (As I mentioned earlier, I got mad at somebody and developed an obsession with dead dogs afterwards.)

If that’s ever the case, it’s not that Hirohiko Araki’s seriously mentally disturbed but rather whatever trauma and problems he had in school went unresolved for many years leading to a rather confusing attitude to dogs (as readers see it) at times. He could be getting help today but we’ll have to wait.

Under a more clinical light

Ever since I brought up the link to an avoidantly attached boy being obsessed with violence and stuff, I think it makes more sense to regard Hirohiko Araki’s habit of killing off dogs in his stories especially if he admits to liking them in a more clinical light. As I said, the real answer might lie in the middle.

It’s quite possible that his attitude to dogs might be more ambivalent that both he and JJBA fans would realise assuming if he still has anger problems of sorts. I even said that Araki early on still would’ve been traumatised in school and that trauma carried over to the time he got scratched by a cat.

Traumatised enough to have it played out in ‘Diamond is Unbreakable’ with not only Killer Queen and the like but also one character being bullied which points out to Araki himself being possibly bullied at some point or another. Him being afraid of cats is one thing, hence the portrayal of some characters.

His attitude to dogs could be more of a misdirected or misguided anger that is if we believe him to be bullied in school as inferred from DIU. If Araki’s avoidantly attachment as in not that close to partners and even be critical of them in a bad mood, then it’s likely that he’s also avoidantly attached to dogs.

Avoidantly attached people do have an ambivalent attitude to their partners, wanting them around but suspicious of too much closeness. I do know somebody who enjoys one of our dogs but can’t stand being too close to it especially when irritated. Maybe Araki feels similarly.

I admit to being obsessed with dead dogs when angry and teasing some of our cats for the same feeling so I could understand him to a degree. Admittedly my assessment of him isn’t in chronological order but as inferred from both his fiction and nonfiction it’s likely that ‘DIU’ might be the most autobiographical in that it gives a good idea of what Araki’s like as a little boy in a way.

In Desire and Avoidance, Hans Bellmer’s and Pablo Picasso’s apparent misogyny are attributable to whatever unresolved anger and grief they had especially with overbearing parents and with Picasso, grief over losing some of his relatives where he overcompensates with promiscuity and machismo. Logically, Araki could’ve unresolved anger and fear (trauma in general) carried out in the form of violent stories stemming from being bullied a lot.


What else could it be? (Part One)

Equating Iris West (Barry’s paramour, wife and sister of sorts especially on telly) with Beatrice-personaggia brings additional context to what else the latter could be. Sometimes going deeper than most commentators suggest or intend to, especially with not only Dante’s daughter being Sister Beatrice and Iris West allegedly being Barry’s foster sister of sorts on TV but also Bart Allen (their grandson) standing in for the lonza as a Khnopff style sphinx.

The same goes for Caitlin Snow becoming a werewolf being the appropriate analogue to Dante’s she-wolf. If Caitlin’s not only a werewolf but also a practising Satanist witch and affiliated with dogs, especially demonic dogs and her power over the cold being reminiscent of Dante’s Satan then especially to those who’re interested in witchcraft and demonology studies, this wouldn’t be surprising.

While some commentators assume Dante hates dogs but once you bring up witchcraft studies like Cunning Folk and Familiar Spirits and demonology texts like Discours des Sorciers then it’s not so much whether if he hates dogs or not but rather the association of dogs with witchcraft, especially in Christian and Muslim majority countries would’ve been more common than one realises.

Even today, this belief’s still extant in African Pentecostal churches especially in places like Cameroon and Ghana. In parts of Cameroon, if somebody sacrifices a black dog then it’s accused of witchcraft and Satanism. So is turning into a dog. The Baka Pygmies also have a story where the first wizard’s a dog and that there’s one report that accused dogs of witchcraft.

The dog is the animal form commonly assumed by the Devil in many sources I’ve uncovered so much so that it shouldn’t be surprising why most of the dogs in the Divine Comedy are demonic. In fact being too affectionate with dogs not only gets people accused of bestiality but also witchcraft and Satanism!

If Caitlin Snow’s a Satanist werewolf witch with an affinity for dogs and ice, with her replacing the she-wolf then the latter could be reinterpreted as both a symbol of witchcraft and prelude to the demonic dogs and Satan himself.

Some Cameroonian lore

Via Google:

Le cadi: une juste purification ou une pratique satanique? ; ce que le …
https://books.google.com/books/about/Le_cadi.html?id… – Translate this page
allé au cadi assure le contrôle attaque démoniaque attardons bambou Bamiléké cadi relève cadimen CADl chants chef supérieur chien est enterré chrétiens Christ assure coeur contact crachat d’assainir le peuple Daniel Doré détecter déterrer devant un sorcier DJIOKOU Douala Eglise enclos est construit enfants de Dieu …

The cadi: a just purification or a satanic practice? ; that the …
https: //books.google.com/books/about/The_cadi.html? id … – Translate this page
went to the cadi assures the control attack demonic linger bamboo Bamileke cadi falls cadimen CADl chants chief superior dog is buried christians Christ ensures heart contact spit clean up the people Daniel Doré detect dig up before a sorcerer DJIOKOU Douala Church enclosure is built children of God

Le temps des rites: ordre du monde et destin individuel en pays …

https://books.google.com.ph/books?isbn=2901161715 – Translate this page
Viviane Baeke – 2004 – ‎Preview – ‎More editions
ordre du monde et destin individuel en pays Wuli, Cameroun Viviane Baeke. cœur du sorcier … La détention de ce pouvoir, qui s’exerce uniquement la nuit, permet au sorcier de se métamorphoser soit en chouette (wù) 3, soit en léopard (mbwu), soit encore en chien (mva) pour se transporter au chevet de sa viétime endormie et lui transmettre une maladie. Ce mal … 5. Il est intéressant de noter que le circuit thèse 149 LE JOUR ET LA NUIT Z LES HOMMES ET LA SORCELLERIE.

The time of the rites: order of the world and individual destiny in country …

https://books.google.com.ph/books?isbn=2901161715 – Translate this page
Viviane Baeke – 2004 – Preview – More editions
world order and individual destiny in Wuli country , Cameroon Viviane Baeke. heart of the wizard … The possession of this power, which is exercised only at night, allows the wizard to metamorphose either as an owl (wù) 3, or leopard ( mbwu), or still in dog (mva) for to carry to the bedside of his sleepy vio- lity and transmit him an illness. This evil … 5. It is interesting to note that the circuit thesis 149 THE DAY AND THE NIGHT Z THE MEN AND THE SORCERY .