Like I said, the post ‘Cur Cognition’ and several other studies on stray dogs posits the possibility of canine behaviour independent of human influence to varying degrees. An even more interesting category would be owned dogs that are often outside. This is the first category of canine feralisation that Andrei Poyarkov was talking about but could be aptly applied to those dogs.
They are habituated to humans who see them as their masters and providers but because they’re often outdoors, they’d be less habituated with humans than dogs that spend their time indoors. It’s more accurate to describe canine behaviour polymorphy but that’s often studied on stray dogs.
At best, one could apply the first category to these dogs but they’re often commonly found either in the countryside or in non-Western places especially among the lesser-off though middle and upper classes can partake in this habit too.
Keep in mind that the practise of contemporary dog ownership actually began with the upper classes, which is saying. Times are changing but there’ll still be people who own dogs but keep them outside to guard and hunt.